John William Tuohy lives in Washington DC

We were together. I forget the rest.

The art and joy of cinematography


 Greetings NYCPlaywrights


Thanks to Nancy Brewka Clark for allowing us to publish these kind words about the NYCPlaywrights weekly email:
“Many thanks for posting these inspiring links to Shakespeare's monologues. Each one  reminds me of what a powerful force theater is. Your weekly email enriches my writing life exponentially.”

You can learn more about Nancy and her work at http://www.nancybrewkaclark.com


Monday, January 25, 2016, 6 p.m.
New York Public Library for the Performing Arts, Dorothy and Lewis B. Cullman Center, Bruno Walter Auditorium
Fully accessible to wheelchairs
A concert of new music by Broadway composers and lyricists sung by Broadway vocalists, Presented by Arts and Artists at St. Paul and directed by John Znidarsic.

The Library for the Performing Arts is proud to offer free admission to this program on a first come, first served basis. Admission lines form one hour prior to each program. At that time one ticket is provided per person. Tickets are not available for advance reservation and saving seats is not permitted. General admission seating. Call 212.642.0142 for more detailed information. All programs are subject to last minute change or cancellation.



Primary Stages Einhorn School of Performing Arts (ESPA) offers classes online open to writers in New York, New Mexico, New Zealand, and everywhere in between. Our online classes help you create or polish a draft of your new play or TV script through weekly assignments and online lectures, providing the necessary structure and deadlines to those outside the tri-state area or with unpredictable schedules. This spring, take THE FIRST DRAFT with Caridad Svich or Jen Silverman, THE REWRITE with Caridad Svich, or TELEVISION WRITING with Jason Grote. Payment plans available.


The Navigators Theater Company is looking for Sci-Fi plays for the 2nd Annual LIFT-OFF NEW PLAY SERIES. Looking for Ten-Minute Plays, One-Acts, and Full-Lengths. All plays must have Sci-Fi elements as a major part of the story. Ten-Minute plays and One-Acts will have production elements. Full-lengths will have a reading. The submission fee will be waived for members of the Dramatist Guild.


The INKtank Lab seeks to select 3-4 writers of color who are invested in the revision process of their own work as well of their peers in an artistic community environment with a shared intention of honest feedback and earnest conviviality. The lab cycle will be facilitated by INKtank alums, Mariana Carreño King (Miss 0744890) and Raquel Almazan (La Esperanza, or The Hopefulness). INKtank is a collaborative process where Rising Circle will provide structure and resources while playwrights create what happens week-to-week based on the needs of each writer.


Blunt Objects Theatre is proud to announce that we are now accepting entries for the return of our “Bacchanalia!” New Play Readings Festival, coming to New Orleans for 2016. All submissions must adhere to the theme “This is not the future I was promised.” Lament about your lack of hoverboards, flying cars, or employment, how Captain Planet failed, how Marx told you capitalism would be dead by now, or how Back to the Future lied about the Cubs. Give us your funniest, most heartbreaking, and above all else your best plays with the following parameters:
Adhering at least broadly to this year’s theme

*** FOR MORE INFORMATION on these and other opportunities see the web site at http://www.nycplaywrights.org ***



Scenes from the play


Rickman discusses SEMINAR on Theater Talk




Alan Rickman Talks “Severus Snape”






Sonnet 130 (voice only)




Rickman on stage














I'm a big big Fan of Bukowski 

MISH MOSH..........................................

Mish Mash: noun \ˈmish-ˌmash, -ˌmäsh\ A : hodgepodge, jumble The painting was just a mishmash of colors and abstract shapes as far as we could tell. Origin Middle English & Yiddish; Middle English mysse masche, perhaps reduplication of mash mash; Yiddish mish-mash, perhaps reduplication of mishn to mix. First Known Use: 15th century

Worth his weight in gold Ceremony for an Indian raja, 1930s
3 Koreans shot for pulling up rails as a protest to the Japanese occupation of Korea, 1919

Catholic rebels hanged along a railroad track by the Mexican government during the Cristero War, 1927.

                                             Hamburg nursery ~ Kraus Schonberg

Mystic Mountain,’ a pillar of dust in the Carina Nebula

Sculpture this and Sculpture that

Portrait of a Man 150 BC

The real Goodfellas

                                               The real Jimmy Burke and above the film version

The real Paulie Varrio and above, the film version

The real Henry Hill and above the film version 

The real Billy Batts Bentvena and the film version above

Tommy DiSimmone and above the film version


A swim-mobile, 1960.
Coney Island. By Stephen Salmier
Garry Winogrand, Woman Riding Bicycle, 1975.
Givenchy’s beige jersey Bag dress, September 1957. By Yale Joel.

New York, 1961. By Constantine Manos.

Spring Street subway station, 1961. By Constantine Manos.
Street scene, 1959. By William Klein.
Tenth Street At Night, 1960. By John Cohen.

The art of human movement
Hampus Westin - Svenska Balettskolan



John William Tuohy is a writer who lives in Washington DC. He holds an MFA in writing from Lindenwood University.
He is the author of No Time to Say Goodbye: Memoirs of a Life in Foster Care and Short Stories from a Small Town. He is also the author of numerous non-fiction on the history of organized crime including the ground break biography of bootlegger Roger Tuohy "When Capone's Mob Murdered Touhy" and "Guns and Glamour: A History of Organized Crime in Chicago."
His non-fiction crime short stories have appeared in The New Criminologist, American Mafia and other publications. John won the City of Chicago's Celtic Playfest for his work The Hannigan's of Beverly, and his short story fiction work, Karma Finds Franny Glass, appeared in AdmitTwo Magazine in October of 2008.
His play, Cyberdate.Com, was chosen for a public performance at the Actors Chapel in Manhattan in February of 2007 as part of the groups Reading Series for New York project. In June of 2008, the play won the Virginia Theater of The First Amendment Award for best new play.
Contact John:


This is a book of short stories taken from the things I saw and heard in my childhood in the factory town of Ansonia in southwestern Connecticut.

Most of these stories, or as true as I recall them because I witnessed these events many years ago through the eyes of child and are retold to you now with the pen and hindsight of an older man. The only exception is the story Beat Time which is based on the disappearance of Beat poet Lew Welch. Decades before I knew who Welch was, I was told that he had made his from California to New Haven, Connecticut, where was an alcoholic living in a mission. The notion fascinated me and I filed it away but never forgot it.     

The collected stories are loosely modeled around Joyce’s novel, Dubliners (I also borrowed from the novels character and place names. Ivy Day, my character in “Local Orphan is Hero” is also the name of chapter in Dubliners, etc.) and like Joyce I wanted to write about my people, the people I knew as a child, the working class in small town America and I wanted to give a complete view of them as well. As a result the stories are about the divorced, Gays, black people, the working poor, the middle class, the lost and the found, the contented and the discontented.

Conversely many of the stories in this book are about starting life over again as a result of suicide (The Hanging Party, Small Town Tragedy, Beat Time) or from a near death experience (Anna Bell Lee and the Charge of the Light Brigade, A Brief Summer) and natural occurring death. (The Best Laid Plans, The Winter Years, Balanced and Serene)

With the exception of Jesus Loves Shaqunda, in each story there is a rebirth from the death. (Shaqunda is reported as having died of pneumonia in The Winter Years)
Sal, the desperate and depressed divorcee in Things Change, changes his life in Lunch Hour when asks the waitress for a date and she accepts. (Which we learn in Closing Time, the last story in the book) In The Arranged Time, Thisby is given the option of change and whether she takes it or, we don’t know. The death of Greta’s husband in A Matter of Time has led her to the diner and into the waiting arms of the outgoing and loveable Gabe.

Although the book is based on three sets of time (breakfast, lunch and dinner) and the diner is opened in the early morning and closed at night, time stands still inside the Diner. The hour on the big clock on the wall never changes time and much like my memories of that place, everything remains the same.


The Valley Lives
By Marion Marchetto, author of The Bridgewater Chronicles on October 15, 2015
Short Stores from a Small Town is set in The Valley (known to outsiders as The Lower Naugatuck Valley) in Connecticut. While the short stories are contemporary they provide insight into the timeless qualities of an Industrial Era community and the values and morals of the people who live there. Some are first or second generation Americans, some are transplants, yet each takes on the mantle of Valleyite and wears it proudly. It isn't easy for an author to take the reader on a journey down memory lane and involve the reader in the life stories of a group of seemingly unrelated characters. I say seemingly because by book's end the reader will realize that he/she has done more than meet a group of loosely related characters.
We meet all of the characters during a one-day time period as each of them finds their way to the Valley Diner on a rainy autumn day. From our first meeting with Angel, the educationally challenged man who opens and closes the diner, to our farewell for the day to the young waitress whose smile hides her despair we meet a cross section of the Valley population. Rich, poor, ambitious, and not so ambitious, each life proves that there is more to it beneath the surface. And the one thing that binds these lives together is The Valley itself. Not so much a place (or a memory) but an almost palpable living thing that becomes a part of its inhabitants.
Let me be the first the congratulate author John William Tuohy on a job well done. He has evoked the heart of The Valley and in doing so brought to life the fabric that Valleyites wear as a mantle of pride. While set in a specific region of the country, the stories that unfold within the pages of this slim volume are similar to those that live in many a small town from coast to coast.

By Sandra Mendyk
Just read "Short Stories from a Small Town," and couldn't put it down! Like Mr. Tuohy's other books I read, they keep your interest, especially if you're from a small town and can relate to the lives of the people he writes about. I recommend this book for anyone interested in human interest stories. His characters all have a central place where the stories take place--a diner--and come from different walks of life and wrestle with different problems of everyday life. Enjoyable and thoughtful.

I loved how the author wrote about "his people"
By kathee
A touching thoughtful book. I loved how the author wrote about "his people", the people he knew as a child from his town. It is based on sets of time in the local diner, breakfast , lunch and dinner, but time stands still ... Highly recommend !

WONDERFUL book, I loved it!
By John M. Cribbins
What wonderful stories...I just loved this book.... It is great how it is written following, breakfast, lunch, dinner, at a diner. Great characters.... I just loved it....


In 1962, six year old John Tuohy, his two brothers and two sisters entered Connecticut’s foster care system and were promptly split apart. Over the next ten years, John would live in more than ten foster homes, group homes and state schools, from his native Waterbury to Ansonia, New Haven, West Haven, Deep River and Hartford. In the end, a decade later, the state returned him to the same home and the same parents they had taken him from. As tragic as is funny compelling story will make you cry and laugh as you journey with this child to overcome the obstacles of the foster care system and find his dreams.



                                                                Sky dome Housing

Skydome is a Russian company that firmly believes the house is the most important place in human life because it’s where decisions are made, children grow up and the place where our lives take place. We’re inclined to agree, but Skydome took it one step further by creating an entire line of Skydome Cabins designed to be stylish, durable and efficient. Each Skydome is dome shaped to provide better resistance to heat loss, additional strength, seismic resistance and energy resistance. It’s going to be hard to hang art in a domed structure like this, but with the amount of benefits the shape provides it’s a wonder more people haven’t designed something like this in the past. Unfortunately, pricing information isn’t available yet.

The invention of the musical record

On January 2, 1900, a company set up by Emile Berliner, inventor of the gramophone, began manufacturing seven-inch, single-sided records at a plant in Montreal. Berliner had taken out a Canadian patent on his invention in 1897 and had begun manufacturing the talking machines at the Montreal facility. Berliner began manufacturing 10-inch discs in 1901, and 12-inch records two years later. Double-sided records were not introduced until 1908. The Berliner Company manufactured records in Canada for 20 years. It was taken over in 1924 by the Victor Talking Machine Company, the forerunner to RCA Victor.

Just war theory
Just war theory (jus bellum iustum) is a doctrine of military ethics studied by theologians, ethicists, policy makers, and military leaders. The purpose of the doctrine is to ensure war is morally justifiable through a series of criteria, all of which must be met for a war to be considered just. The criteria are split into two groups: ‘the right to go to war’ (jus ad bellum) and ‘right conduct in war’ (jus in bello). The first concerns the morality of going to war and the second with moral conduct within war. Recently there have been calls for the inclusion of a third category of just war theory - jus post bellum - dealing with the morality of post-war settlement and reconstruction. Just War theory postulates that war, while terrible, is not always the worst option. There may be responsibilities so important, atrocities that can be prevented or outcomes so undesirable they justify war.


Reticence (RE-tuh-sens): A reluctance to express one’s thoughts and feelings.From Latin reticere (to be silent), from re- (again, back), from tacere (to be silent). 

The Victorians 

 French National Assembly to vote on universal basic income study
The country's parliament will consider launching an economic feasibility study for the benefit reform
Jon Stone @joncstone Wednesday 13 January 201611 comments
Members of France's National Assembly are to vote on the principle of a so-called “universal basic income” for the first time.
Former minister Delphine Batho, an MP from Francois Hollande’s ruling Socialist Party, has tabled an amendment asking the government to launch a feasibility study of the policy.
A universal basic income is the idea of paying all citizens a flat, unconditional income, unusually instead of existing policies like means-tested benefits.
Proponents of the idea say it would save on welfare administration costs, reduce the poverty traps of traditional welfare states, be fair to people who have jobs, and give people more autonomy in general.
Ms Batho’s amendment suggests that the basic income might be a suitable response to the challenges of the “digital revolution and the changes it has brought to work”.
The amendment, filed on 11 January, calls for the Government to produce a detailed report on the topic by no later than June of this year.
That report would have to include “a macro-economic feasibility study, a comparative impact study on different approaches to basic income, as well as an analysis on the experiments on the subject that are currently going on, on a local and an international scale”.
The amendment applies to the Government’s Bill for a Digital Republic, which seeks to modernise France’s legal framework around technology and the internet.
Interest in the proposed policy, which has support on both the left and right of politics, has surged in recent months.
Finland has launched similar feasibility study to the one proposed in France, and Switzerland rejected a proposal for a very high basic income in a recent national referendum.
Last month the respected think-tank the RSA suggested that the UK adopt a universal basic income of £71 a week for all adults, with children also getting a payment similar to child benefit.
“The welfare state has become incredibly complex whilst locking those it seeks to help in a vicious circle of low pay, insecurity and an intrusive state. The RSA doubts the current system can be fixed,” said Anthony Painter, the report’s author.
“A system of Universal Basic Income is the best alternative to help people improve their own lives over time – it provides better security to support people’s needs to work, learn, set up a business or care for their family.”
During the Labour leadership contest Jeremy Corbyn, who now leads the party, said he was interested in the idea of a “guaranteed social wage” – a similar proposal – but that he believed there were issued that had to be worked through.
The Liberal Democrat manifesto advocated a basic income in the early 1990s but this proposal was scrapped. The Green Party supports the idea of a universal basic income.

AND HERE'S SOME ANIMALS FOR YOU................... 

Getting that selfi just right

Here's some animals for you.....

In the town of Cicero, Illinois you should know it still is illegal to hum on Sundays in public.
In the city of Chicago proper, it actually is illegal to fly a kite, despite pleas from Julie Andrews.
In the Pullman neighborhood, it still is illegal to drink beer from a bucket while sitting on a curb.
In Collinsville, w it is against the law to wear sagging pants.
One law in Michigan that never has been repealed reads a woman’s hair belongs to her spouse.
In Missouri, it still is illegal to drive down the highway with an uncaged bear in your car.

Rights advocate sister of jailed Saudi blogger Raif Badawi arrested, put in same prison
A prominent human rights advocate has been taken into custody by Saudi Arabian police for campaigning for release of her former husband, who is serving a 15-year term. She was reportedly put in the same jail where her brother is incarcerated.
Samar Badawi received an International Woman of Courage Award from the US State Department in 2012 for defending women’s rights in the highly-conservative kingdom.
She was detained on Tuesday morning and taken to a police station along with her two-year-old daughter, Amnesty International reported. After four hours of questioning, she was transferred to Dhaban Prison, the organization cited local activists as saying.
“Samar Badawi’s arrest today is yet another alarming setback for human rights in Saudi Arabia and demonstrates the extreme lengths to which the authorities are prepared to go in their relentless campaign to harass and intimidate human rights defenders into silent submission,” said Amnesty’s Philip Luther.
The detention appears to be connected with Samar’s running a campaign for release of her former husband Waleed Abu al-Khair and particularly publishing a photo of him in jail. Al-Khair was sentenced to 15 years in prison for his work as a human rights lawyer.
Among the people he defended was Samar’s brother, Raif Badawi, who was sentenced to 10 years in prison and 1,000 cane strikes for insulting Islam and criticizing the Saudi government. The popular blogger received 50 strikes just over a year ago, an act that drew international condemnation.
Samar Badawi has been banned from leaving Saudi Arabia last year, which prevented her from traveling to a human rights event in Europe.
The detention comes two weeks after Saudi Arabia executed 47 prisoners in one day, including prominent Shiite cleric Nimr al-Nimr. The move antagonized Saudi Arabia and its Sunni allies with predominantly Shiite Muslim nations led by Iran, with Riyadh and Tehran breaking diplomatic relations.

  Women in ancient Greece and Rome with surviving works or fragments
Aesara of Lucania: “Only a fragment survives of Aesara of Lucania’s Book on Human Nature, but it provides a key to understanding the philosophies of Phintys, Perictione, and Theano II as well. Aesara presents a familiar and intuitive natural law theory. She says that through the activity of introspection into our own nature – specifically the nature of a human soul – we can discover not only the natural philosophic foundation for all of human law, but we can also discern the technical structure of morality, positive law, and, it may be inferred, the laws of moral psychology and of physical medicine. Aesara’s natural law theory concerns laws governing three applications of moral law: individual or private morality, laws governing the moral basis of the institution of the family, and, laws governing the moral foundations of social institutions. By analyzing the nature of the soul, Aesara says, we will understand the nature of law and of justice at the individual, familial, and social levels.” - A History of Women Philosophers: Volume I: Ancient Women Philosophers, 600 B.C.-500 A.D., by M.E. Waith
Melissa: “Melissa (3rd century BC)[1][2] was a Pythagorean philosopher…Nothing is known about her life. She is known only from a letter written to another woman named Cleareta (or Clearete). The letter is written in a Doric Greek dialect dated to around the 3rd century BC.[2] The letter discusses the need for a wife to be modest and virtuous, and stresses that she should obey her husband.[2] The content has led to the suggestion that it was written pseudonymously by a man.[2] On the other hand, the author of the letter does not suggest that a woman is naturally inferior or weak, or that she needs a man’s rule to be virtuous.[1]” -Wikipedia
Perictione (I and II): “Two works attributed to Perictione have survived in fragments: On the Harmony of Women and On Wisdom. Differences in language suggest that they were written by two different people. Allen and Waithe identify them as Perictione I and Perictione II. Plato’s mother was named Perictione, and Waithe argues that she should be identified as the earlier Perictione, suggesting that similarities between Plato’s Republic and On the Harmony of Women may not be the result of Perictione reading Plato, but the opposite–the son learning philosophy from his mother. On the Harmony of Women, however, is written in Ionic prose with occasional Doric forms. This mixed dialect dates the work to the late fourth or third centuries BC. The reference in On the Harmony of Women to women ruling suggests the Hellenistic monarchies of the third century BC or later. On Wisdom is written in Doric and is partly identical with a work by Archytas of the same name. This work should be dated later, to the third or second centuries BC. Both the dates of the works and their dialects mean Perictione as the mother of Plato could not have written them. We then have two Pythagorean texts, attributed to otherwise unknown women named Perictione who should be dated perhaps one hundred years apart.” -Women Writers of Ancient Greece and Rome: An Anthology, by I.M. Plant
Phintys: “Phintys (or Phyntis, Greek: Φίντυς; 4th or 3rd century BC) was a Pythagorean philosopher. Nothing is known about her life, nor where she came from. She wrote a work on the correct behaviour of women, two extracts of which are preserved by Stobaeus.” -Wikipedia
Ptolemais of Cyrene: “Ptolemais is known to us through reference to her work by Porphyry in his Commentary on the Harmonics of Ptolemy. He tells us that she came from Cyrene and gives the title of her work, The Pythagorean Principles of Music, which he quotes. She is the only known female musical theorist from antiquity. Her dates cannot be known for sure. She clearly preceded Porphyry, who was born about AD 232; Didymus, who is also quoted by Porphyry, knew Ptolemais’ work and may even have been Porphyry’s source for it. This Didymus is probably the one who lived in the time of Nero, giving us a date for Ptolemais of the first century AD or earlier…One of the problems in dealing with this text is that it is in quotation. Porphyry does not clearly distinguish between the text he quotes from Ptolemais and his own discussion of the issues raised…A second issue is the problem of the accuracy of the quotation. Porphyry says in the introduction to fragment 4 that he has altered a few things in the quotation for the sake of brevity. We should not assume that this is the only quotation to have suffered from editing. On the other hand, where he quotes the same passage twice (fragment 3 is repeated almost verbatim in fragment 4) his consistency is encouraging. Ptolemais’ extant work is a catechism, written as a series of questions and answers. She discusses different schools of thought on harmonic theory, distinguishing between the degree to which they gave importance to theory and perception. Her text prefers the approach of Aristoxenus to that of the Pythagoreans, thus she should not be thought a Pythagorean, despite the title of her work.” -Women Writers of Ancient Greece and Rome: An Anthology, by I.M. Plant
Cleopatra the Alchemist: “Three treatises survive. The Chrysopoeia consists only of a page of symbols and drawings. The title of the treatise mentioned under Comarius, and also internal evidence of Cleopatra’s treatise, indicate a first-century date. The symbols and drawings of figures are probably the earliest drawings that we have of chemical apparatus. A dialogue of Cleopatra and the philosophers’ exists in a mutilated form; it is probably of the same date as the above treatises, but cannot be attributed to
Cleopatra.” -A Survey of Greek Alchemy, by F. Sherwood Taylor
Cleopatra the Physician: “How seriously, or strictly, Galen’s chronological (and indeed conceptual) pairing of Heracleides and Cleopatra should be taken is unclear. Cleopatra is certainly being located earlier than the pharmacological writers who approach Crito’s Trajanic date much more closely, but little more can be said than that. She was also cited by the Byzantine physicians Aetius of Amida and Paul of Aegina in their, respectively, sixth- and seventh-century A.D. medical encyclopaedias. Aetius includes a single, sweet-smelling unguent of ‘Queen Cleopatra’, in a chapter on facial applications. Paul incorporates a set of recipes for curling and dyeing the hair taken from ‘the books of Cleopatra’ among others dealing with the head and hair at the beginning of his third book. It has also been asserted that the surviving meteorological treatise ascribed to Cleopatra at least started life as a section of her Kostmetikon. Weights and measures, and in particular the translation between units belonging to different times and places, are of vital importance to all kinds of medical recipes. Still, none of this helps much in pinning down this Cleopatra. She remains active sometime in the first century B.C. or A.D., and, at least for Galen, stands, without comment, alongside various male medical writers; though for Aetius she possesses more monarchic qualities.” -Women, Writing and Medecine in the Classical World, by Rebecca Flemming
Philaenis: “Philaenis of Samos (in Greek, Φιλαινίς) was apparently a Greek courtesan of the 4th or 3rd centuries BC. She was commonly said to be the author of a manual on courtship and sex. The poet Aeschrion of Samos denied that his compatriot Philaenis was really the author of this notorious work. Brief fragments of the manual, including the introductory words, have been rediscovered among the Oxyrhynchus Papyri (P.Oxy. 2891).” -Wikipedia
Salpe*: “[Pliny the Elder] describes medicines that were used for a wide range of ailments, from the common cold to witchcraft, and he quotes from various medical texts that were available to him. One of these was by Salpe. Pliny describes her as an obstetrix or midwife…All we have of her work is Pliny’s paraphrase of six remedies…The fragments of her work in Pliny are indirect: the original is reported rather than quoted directly, and would have been in Greek, rather than Pliny’s Latin. Pliny introduces each remedy with ‘Salpe tells us that…’ or words to that effect…The same is true of the citations of the other medical writers in Pliny: Olympias, Sotira, Lais and Elephantis.” -Women Writers of Ancient Greece and Rome: An Anthology, by I.M. Plant
Nicobule: “Nicobule or Nicobula (Greek: Νικοβούλη, Nikoboúlē) was a Greek woman who may have authored a work on the life of Alexander the Great. No biographical details of her life have been preserved. Since her name is Greek, scholars tend to suggest that she was most probably writing during the first to third centuries AD, the period in which Hellenistic scholarship was most interested in Alexander.[1]Athenaeus (flourished circa A.D. 200) cites two passages[2][3] by Nicobule in reference to Alexander the Great and, in particular, Alexander’s excessive drinking.[1]” -Wikipedia
Pamphile of Epidaurus*: “Pamphile or Pamphila of Epidaurus (Greek: Παμφίλη, Pamphílē; Latin: Pamphila; fl. ad 1st century) was a historian who lived in the reign of Nero. According to the Suda she was an Epidaurian;[1] Photius describes her as an Egyptian by birth or descent,[2] which may be reconciled by supposing that she was a native of Epidaurus, and that her family came from Egypt. Photius summarizes the preface to her work, in which we learn that during the thirteen years she had lived with her husband, from whom she was never absent for a single hour, she was constantly at work upon her book, and that she diligently wrote down whatever she heard from her husband and from the many other learned people who frequented their house, as well as whatever she herself read in books…The principal work of Pamphile was the Historical Commentaries, a history of Greece comprising thirty-three books. Photius gives a general idea of the nature of its contents. The work was not arranged according to subjects or according to any settled plan, but it was more like a commonplace book, in which each piece of information was set down as it fell under the notice of the writer, who stated that she believed this variety would give greater pleasure to the reader. Photius considers the work as one of great use, and supplying important information on many points in history and literature. The estimation in which it was held in antiquity is shown not only by the judgment of Photius, but also by the references to it in the works of Aulus Gellius and Diogenes Laërtius, who appear to have availed themselves of it to a considerable extent.” -Wikipedia
Aelia Eudocia: “Aelia Eudocia Augusta /ˈiːli.ə juːˈdoʊʃə ɔːˈɡʌstə/ (Late Greek: Αιλία Ευδοκία Αυγούστα; c. 401 – 460 AD), also called Saint Eudocia, was the wife of Theodosius II, and a prominent historical figure in understanding the rise of Christianity during the beginning of the Byzantine Empire. Eudocia lived in a world where Greek paganism and Christianity were existing side by side with both pagans and unorthodox Christians being persecuted.[1] Although Eudocia’s work has been mostly ignored by modern scholars, her poetry and literary work are great examples of how her Christian faith and Greek upbringing were intertwined, exemplifying a legacy that the Byzantine Empire left behind on the Christian world… While Eudocia could have written a lot of literature after leaving the court, only some of her work survived. Eudocia "wrote in hexameters, which is the verse of epic poetry, on Christian themes.”[27] She wrote a poem entitled The Martyrdom of St. Cyprian in two books, of which 800 lines survived, and an inscription of a poem on the baths at Hammat Gader.[27] Her most studied piece of literature is her Homeric cento, which has been analyzed recently by a few modern scholars, such as Mark Usher and Brian Sower. Eudocia is an understudied poet and has been neglected due to “lack of complete and authoritative text.”[35] -Wikipedia
Anyte of Tegea: “Anyte of Tegea (Greek: νύτη Τεγετις, Anýtē Tegeâtis; fl. early 3rd century BC) was an Arcadian poet, admired by her contemporaries and later generations for her charming epigrams and epitaphs. Antipater of Thessalonica listed her as one of the nine earthly muses.According to some sources, she was the leader of a school of poetry and literature on Peloponnesus, which also included the poet Leonidas of Tarentum.At least 18 of her epigrams, written in the Doric dialect, survive in the Greek Anthology; an additional six are doubtfully attributed to her. Even so, we have more complete poems by Anyte than by any other Greek woman, since the nine books of Sappho survive only in fragments.” -Wikipedia
Boeo: “Boeo (Greek Βοι) was a Delphic priestess and hymnist, who was a source for Pausanias’s notes on the history of the Delphic oracle.Pausanias states that Boeo was a native Delphian, and quotes four lines of a hymn that Boeo composed to Apollo, including a passage near its end where she states that Olen was the first prophet and priest of Apollo, and that the Delphic oracle was established by his disciples along with Hyperboreans. Pausanias notes after quoting this that subsequent to its foundation, the highest office at Delphi always was held by women priestesses. Boeo’s hymn is now lost, except for the fragments preserved by Pausanias, the name of her work is unknown, and no other biographical details are available.” -Wikipedia
Cleobulina: “Cleobulina (fl. c. 600 BC) There remains doubt about the very existence of Cleobulina, although we have three short pieces of poetry attributed to her, numerous references to her life in a variety of ancient sources, and know of two plays named after her. Scholars have long suspected that she may have been invented to personify a female riddler…Despite the problems with her history, we should not lightly dismiss her as  an historical figure and poet. Details of her life, like those of most ancient authors, were quickly forgotten. What remained was a reputation for wit, learning, sound political judgment, and philosophy arising from the works attributed to her. The association of Cleobulina with Thales would date her to the early sixth century BC. While such biographical detail is not to be trusted, we do know that she was already well known in the fifth century BC. Athenaeus (10.448b) and Diogenes Laertius (1.89) agree that she came from the city of Lindus on Rhodes. An otherwise unknown author, Diotimus of Olympene, wrote a discussion of Cleobulina’s riddles, providing evidence that a corpus of work attributed to her existed in his day. Only three riddles surviving from Classical Greece are specifically attributed to her, and the attribution of these poems has been questioned…However, against the argument that she was merely a name we should note that the sources are quite specific at attributing authorship of only three extant riddles to her–and no others. She was not the only known composer of riddles.” -Women Writers of Ancient Greece and Rome: An Anthology, by I.M. Plant
Corinna: “Corinna or Korinna (Greek: Κόριννα) was an Ancient Greek poet, traditionally attributed to the 6th century BC. According to ancient sources such as Plutarch and Pausanias, she came from Tanagra in Boeotia, where she was a teacher and rival to the better-known Theban poet Pindar. Although two of her poems survive in epitome, most of her work is preserved in papyrus fragments…Many modern scholars have challenged the traditional assertion that Corinna was a contemporary of Pindar, and claim a much later date for her. Citing the Boeotian orthography of her surviving fragments, David Campbell, who edited a modern version of her fragments, argues that she lived about 200 BC, and that her traditional biography, replete with contradictory accounts of her character, emerged as legend at a much later date.” -Wikipedia
Demo: “Demo was the author of one short epigram which she composed at the Colossus of Memnon and had inscribed on the statue. Her name indicates that she was Greek, but hers was not a rare name in the Hellenistic world, being attested both in Egypt and elsewhere, and so she cannot be further identified. The date of her visit to the Colossus cannot be determined with any certainty, except to note that her epigram was inscribed high on the left leg after the two inscriptions which frame it and so must be dated after them. One of these is dated, and so we can determine Demo’s visit to Memnon was on 25th February AD 196, or some time later…Demo, like Julia Balbilla, adopts an Aeolic dialect for her verse and includes Homeric allusion, demonstrating that she too has had the traditional Greek education of the wealthy class. She calls herself a protege of the Muses and a lover of song, traditional self-images for lyric poets. The persona the author adopts, that of a poet, hints at a vocation, and of other work no longer extant.” -Women Writers of Ancient Greece and Rome: An Anthology, by I.M. Plant
Dionysia: “Dionysia (fl. AD 122) “On the statue of Memnon at Thebes there is one short epigram by Dionysia, who is otherwise unknown. The text was inscribed by the same person as two other inscriptions, one of which is dated to 5 September AD 122, giving us a good indication of the date of Dionysia’s visit to Thebes. Dionysia may well have travelled to the site in company with the authors of those other (prose) inscriptions, Julia Saturnina, Lucius Funisulanus Charisius and his wife Fulvia. Funisulanus was a Roman official in Egypt, strategos of the nomoi of Hermonthis and Latopolis. Dionysia (whose name tells us she was Greek) was mixing in respectable Roman company, if not the elevated circle of Julia Balbilla. The inscription adds to our evidence for tourism in Roman Egypt.” -Women Writers of Ancient Greece and Rome: An Anthology, by I.M. Plant
Erinna: “Erinna (/ɨˈrɪnə/; Greek: ριννα) was a Greek poet, a contemporary and friend of Sappho, a native of Rhodes or the adjacent island of Telos or even possibly Tenos, who flourished about 600 BC (however, according to Eusebius, she was well known in 352 BC[1]). Her best-known poem was the Distaff (Greek λκάτη), written in a mixture of Aeolic and Doric Greek and consisting of 300 dactylic hexameter lines, of which only four were extant until 1928. Three epigrams ascribed to her in the Palatine anthology probably belong to a later date, though some debate on the first epigram exists.In 1928, a papyrus (PSI 1090) was found that contained 54 fragmentary lines written by her, in six pieces[2] now located in the Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana. The poem is a lament (θρνος) on the death of her friend Baucis (Βαυκίς), a disciple of Sappho, shortly before her wedding. - Wikipedia
Hedyle: “Hedyle (Greek: δυλη, Hdylē; fl. 3rd century bc) was an Athenian iambic poet, daughter of Moschine and mother of Hedylus. She wrote a poem entitled Scylla, from which a passage is cited by Athenaeus.” -Wikipedia
Melinno: “Melinno (Ancient Greek: Μελινν) was a Greek lyric poet. She probably lived in the 2nd century BCE, and was probably from Epizephyrian Locris in Magna Graecia, but because little biographical material on her is available, this is uncertain. She is credited with the work commonly called Ode to Rome, which presents unique problems in the analysis of Greek poetry and is viewed as influential in the future course of Greek and Latin poetry…Melinno is known for five Sapphic stanzas comprising an Ode to Rome, praise poetry addressing the personified deity Roma. Its simultaneous praise of Rome but lack of references to the principate leads scholars to believe that it dates to the Republican Era, after the Pyrrhic War and the Roman conquest of Italy, but before the formation of the Roman Empire.[1]Melinno’s work is important because it is a Hellenistic attempt at a revival of the moribund Sapphic stanza in Greek, keeping alive a tradition in the Greek world that that was already being translated to Latin by Horace, and would continue with Catullus. But the Sapphic metre of Horace and Catullus imitated the flowing style of Sappho and Alcaeus, in which thoughts can cross metrical boundaries to reach their completion in another line or stanza, while Melinno does not.” -Wikipedia
Moero: “Moero (Μοιρώ) or Myro (Μυρώ) was a poet of the 3rd century BCE from the city of Byzantium. She was the wife of Andromachus Philologus and the mother (according to other sources, a daughter) of Homerus of Byzantium, the tragedian. Antipater of Thessalonica includes Moero in his list of famous poetesses. She wrote epic, elegiac, and lyric poetry, but little has survived. Athenaeus quotes from her epic poem, Mnemosyne (Μνημοσύνη),[1] and two dedicatory epigrams of hers are included in the Greek Anthology. She also wrote a hymn to Poseidon and a collection of poems called Arai (ραί).[2] The Suda mentions her under the name Myro, and the Myro mentioned by Eustathios is probably the same person.” -Wikipedia
Myrtis of Anthedon*: “Myrtis of Anthedon (6th century B.C.) was an Ancient Greek poet and is purported to be the teacher of Pindar of Thebes and Corinna of Tanagra.[1] Scholars believe that she was the earliest in the line of lyric poets who emerged from the district of Boeotia (Anthedon was a small town in the district of Boeotia, which adjoins Attica to the north-west). Of Myrtis’ poetry, all we know is what can be surmised from Plutarch’s (himself Boeotian) paraphrase of one of her prose poems.[1] Plutrarch cites Myrtis as the source for the story that explained why women were forbidden to set foot in a sacred grove dedicated to a local hero, Eunostos, in the Boeotian town of Tanagra.” -Wikipedia
Nossis: “Nossis (Greek: Νοσσίς) was an ancient Greek woman epigrammist and poet, c. 300 BCE, who lived in southern Italy, at Locri. Her epigrams were inspired by Sappho, whom she claims to rival.[1]Twelve epigrams of hers (one of which is perhaps spurious) survive in the Greek Anthology.Meleager of Gadara, in his Garland, includes her among the most distinguished Greek singers. Antipater of Thessalonica ranks her among the nine poets who deserved the honor to compete with the Muses. Nossis states in her work that her mother was named Theuphila, the daughter of Cleouchas. In another epigram, she mentions that she had a daughter named Melinna,[2] who is possibly the poet Melinno.” -Wikipedia
Praxilla: “Praxilla was a versatile lyric poet from Sicyon. A contemporary of Telesilla, she lived in the mid-fifth century BC. Antipater of Thessalonica lists her first among his canon of nine ‘immortal-tongued’ women poets (Anth.Pal.9.26.3), and Lysippus, a famous fourth century sculptor, also from Sicyon, made a bronze statue of her, evidence of the high esteem in which she was held…Eight fragments of her work have survived, but in only five of them are any of her words quoted. Nevertheless these fragments exemplify the range of her poetry. She wrote drinking songs (scolia), hymns and dithyrambs (choral odes performed at festivals of Dionysus). In addition, she was remembered for a dactylic metre she invented (or at least made famous), which was named Praxilleion after her.” -Women Writers of Ancient Greece and Rome: An Anthology, by I.M. Plant
Sappho: “Sappho (/ˈsæfoʊ/; Attic Greek Σαπφώ [sapːʰɔ̌ː], Aeolic Greek Ψάπφω, Psappho [psápːʰɔː]) was a Greek lyric poet, born on the island of Lesbos. The Alexandrians included her in the list of nine lyric poets. She was born sometime between 630 and 612 BCE, and it is said that she died around 570 BCE, but little is known for certain about her life. The bulk of her poetry, which was well-known and greatly admired through much of antiquity, has been lost; however, her immense reputation has endured through surviving fragments.” -Wikipedia
Telesilla: “Telesilla was a lyric poet who lived in Argos in the fifth century BC. She became famous for saving the city when it was attacked by the Spartans in 494 BC. In the story told by Pausanias, after the massacre of the Argive fighting men by the Spartans, Telesilla rallied all those left in the city able to bear arms, including the women, and drove off the invaders. The story has been considered apocryphal, yet, although their role in the battle may have been exaggerated, there is nothing improbable in women joining in the last ditch defence of the city…Telesilla’s role in the battle, if not historical, may have been assumed later from something she wrote…Telesilla was admired in antiquity for her poetry. The Argives honored her by erecting an engraved stele on which she was depicted in front of the temple of Aphrodite. Tatian tells us a statue of Telesilla was made by Niceratus (a sculptor of the first century BC) and Antipater of Thessalonica includes her in his canon of nine women poets, calling her ‘glorious Telesilla’. Eusebius considered her as famous as the comic poet Crates and the lyric poet Bacchylides. Yet of her poetry, only one fragment of more than one word has survived…Telesilla was also remembered for the metrical innovation of her lyric poetry. Fragment 1 is an example of a Telesillean metre: a two and a half foot glyconic line which was named after her.” -Women Writers of Ancient Greece and Rome: An Anthology, by I.M. Plant
*Work(s) survive only in summary or paraphrase by other authors
Caecilia Trebulla: Caecilia Trebulla composed three epigrams on her visit to the statue of Memnon, proudly placing her name above her verses. She is otherwise unknown. The first poem seems to have been inscribed on Memnon’s left leg before the visit of Julia Balbilla, whose first poem was inscribed immediately below it. This juxtaposition suggests she visited Memnon not long before Julia Balbilla in AD 130….Her command of literary Greek is typical of the well educated Roman aristocracy. She empathises with the statue, hearing its voice both as a personal greeting and as a lament for Memnon’s fate. The popular belief was that Memnon ‘sang’ to his mother, Eos (Dawn); Caecilia is reminded by Memnon of her own mother whom she includes in her prayers.” - Women Writers of Ancient Greece and Rome: An Anthology, by I.M. Plant
Eucheria: “Eucheria (fl. late 5th or 6th centuries AD) Eucheria is known to us from one poem which has survived in her name. The Latin vocabulary she uses suggests that the poem was composed in Aquitania in the late fifth or sixth centuries AD. The text implies that its author is a well born woman who despises a man of lower class who has sought to marry her…While Eucheria cannot be identified with any certainty, her family name is well attested among the Roman nobility in Gaul: a Eucherius of senatorial rank was bishop of Lyons in the early to mid-fifth century AD…Satire is regarded as a genre little used by women writers, though Sulpicia and Eucheria provide notable exceptions.” -Women Writers of Ancient Greece and Rome: An Anthology, by I.M. Plant
Faltonia Betitia Proba: “Faltonia Betitia Proba (c. 306/c. 315 - c. 353/c. 366) was a Latin Roman Christian poet, possibly the most influential Latin poet of Late Antiquity. A member of one of the most influential aristocratic families, she composed the Cento vergilianus de laudibus Christi, a cento composed with verses by Virgil re-ordered to form an epic poem centred on the life of Jesus. Proba belonged to an influential family of the 4th century, the Petronii Probi. Her father was Petronius Probianus, Roman consul in 322, while her mother was probably called Demetria.[1] She had a brother, Petronius Probinus, appointed consul in 341; also her grandfather, Pompeius Probus, had been a consul, in 310. Proba married Clodius Celsinus Adelphus, praefectus urbi of Rome in 351, thus creating a bond with the powerful gens Anicia. They had at least two sons, Quintus Clodius Hermogenianus Olybrius and Faltonius Probus Alypius, who became high imperial officers. She also had a granddaughter Anicia Faltonia Proba, daughter of Olybrius and Tirrania Anicia Juliana.”-Wikipedia
Julia Balbilla: Julia Balbilla (Greek: ουλία Βαλβίλλα, 72 CE – after 130 CE) was a Roman noble woman and poet.[1] Whilst in Thebes, touring Egypt as part of the imperial court of Hadrian, she inscribed four epigrams which have survived.[2]…Balbilla was a court poetess and friend of Hadrian and companion or lady in waiting to his wife, Vibia Sabina. In 129 CE, she accompanied them to the Valley of the Kings in Ancient Egypt.[6] Balbilla was commissioned to record the party’s return visit from 19 to 21 November 130 CE.[7] Balbilla inscribed four epigrams in Aeolic Greek, known as ‘epigrammata’, on the legs of the Colossi of Memnon. [8] The statue reminded Balbilla of the sculptures on Mount Nemrut and the mausoleum of her ancestor, Antiochus I Theos of Commagene.” -Wikipedia
Sulpicia I: The earlier Sulpicia…is said to have lived in the reign of Augustus and have been probably the daughter of Servius Sulpicius Rufus and a niece of Messalla Corvinus, an important patron of literature. Her verses were preserved with those of Tibullus in the third book of elegies, the Appendix tibulliana,[2] and were for a long time attributed to him. They consist of six elegiac poems (3.13-18) addressed to a lover called Cerinthus. Cerinthus was most likely a pseudonym, in the style of the day (e. g. Catullus’ Lesbia, Ovid’s Corinna). Cerinthus has sometimes been thought to refer to the Cornutus addressed by Tibullus in two of his Elegies, probably an aristocratic Caecilius Cornutus. Recent criticism has tended away from attempting to identify Cerinthus with an historical figure in favour of noting the literary implications of the pseudonym… Hallett argues for increasing the numbers of poems attributed to Sulpicia to include poems 8-12 from the Corpus Tibullianum,which had previously been attributed to the amicus Sulpiciae (friend of Sulpicia).” -Wikipedia
Sulpicia II: The later Sulpicia lived during the reign of Domitian and was apparently married to a man named Calenus. She is praised by Martial (x.35, 38), who compares her to Sappho, as a model of wifely devotion and as the writer of poems that teach “girls to please one husband and husbands to please one wife.”[11] Two lines of iambic trimeters attributed to Sulpicia survive in the scholia to Juvenal…The fragment seems to confirm the characterization in Martial: sexually explicit poetry about marital love.” -Wikipedia
Cornelia Africana: “Cornelia Scipionis Africana (190 – 100 BC) was the second daughter of Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus, the hero of the Second Punic War, and Aemilia Paulla…The manuscripts of Cornelius Nepos, the earliest Latin biographer (ca. 110-24 BC), include several excerpts from a letter supposedly composed by Cornelia to Gaius (her younger son). While not all scholars accept these as authentic,[8] if they indeed are, they would make Cornelia one of only four Roman women whose writings survive to the present day. The letter may be dated to just before Gaius’ tribunate in 122 BC. (Gaius would be killed the following year in 121 BC, over a decade after the death of his brother Tiberius in 133 BC.) Cornelia’s letter documents how Roman women wielded considerable influence in political families.” -Wikipedia
Egeria: “Egeria’s Journal is a diary of her pilgrimage to the Holy Land followed by an account of the liturgical year and liturgy in Jerusalem. The evidence suggests that Egeria was a wealthy member of a religious community in Galicia in western Spain, perhaps even an abbess, who composed the account of her pilgrimage for her fellow Religious–readers she addresses as ‘Your Charity’, ‘revered ladies…my sisters’. The text was not intended for general publication, which may explain its rough and repetitive style. Egeria’s text is of great historical significance. Her description of the liturgy and religious observances in fifth-century Jerusalem is valuable. She also adds to our knowledge of biblical sites and religious buildings in her day. The testament of her faith, the religious objectives of her journeys, her faith in the physical reality of the Old and New Testament stories, provide insight into the beliefs and objectives of the Christian pilgrim.” -Women Writers of Ancient Greece and Rome: An Anthology, by I.M. Plant
Perpetua: “An autobiographical prose work is attributed to Perpetua, a Christian martyr, put to death in Carthage during a persecution under Septimius Severus in AD 202-03. The account of her martyrdom includes a section in the first person, which purports to be Perpetua’s own account of her trial and time in prison before her execution. If her authorship is accepted, this text gains particular significance as the earliest extant Christian literature written by a woman. Perpetua’s text was popular in the Christian community, and this in part accounts for its survival.” - Women Writers of Ancient Greece and Rome: An Anthology, by I.M. Plant
Fabulla: “Fabulla (before AD 210) Galen cites two passages from Fabulla (13.250) repeating the same two passages soon after (13.341). He describes her as a Libyan (i.e. African), though her name marks her out as Roman. She uses a Roman weight system to measure her ingredients and this suggests that her text may have been written originally in Latin, and translated into Greek by Galen (or an unknown intermediary source). She was probably amedica, a female doctor.” - Women Writers of Ancient Greece and Rome: An Anthology, by I.M. Plant

9 pronunciation arguments you can stop having
A pronunciation that sounds off to you is one of those things that can stop a conversation cold. Sorry, what did you say? you ask, when you already know. And while there are plenty of pronunciations out there that are flat-out wrong, we thought that we might pick out some words that have multiple accepted pronunciations. In order words, you can let the following arguments go: you’re both right!
1. Route
In US English, there are two distinct pronunciations of the word route, referring to a ‘way or course taken in getting from a starting point to a destination’. (In British English, the standard pronunciation rhymes withshoot and hoot.) For Americans, it is acceptable to pronounce the word as either rOOt or rOWt. According to the Oxford English Dictionary (OED), the latter pronunciation with a diphthong – a long vowel sound involving a transition from one vowel to another, as in words like ‘coin’ (OY) and ‘loud’ (OW) – dates back to the 18th century, but disappeared from British English during the 19th century, though it remained popular in North America.
2. Tomato
As George and Ira Gershwin’s famous ditty put it: ‘You say to-MAY-to, I say to-MAH-to’. The diverging pronunciation of tomato (though not so muchpotato) is primarily one of regional dialect. The pronunciation ‘tuh-MAH-toh’ is the standard pronunciation in the UK and is accepted in the US regions of New England along with parts of the lower East Coast, while ‘tuh-MAY-toh’ is found almost everywhere else.
3. Aunt
‘Do you mean your relative or the insect?’ Outside of Honey, I Shrunk the Kids! territory, that’s probably not a question anyone has ever had to answer, but the possibility seems real enough to those who defend their pronunciation of the word as ‘AHNT’ rather than ‘ANT’. Like the pronunciation of tomato ‘tuh-MAH-toh’, ‘AHNT’ is standard in southern British accents, and is accepted in New England and other parts of the East Coast, while ‘ANT’ is common through the rest of North America.
4. Surprise
Are you surprised? While the spelling of this word still requires that pesky first ‘r’, the standard North American pronunciation is without the first ‘r’. The reason behind the ‘r’ omission is a linguistic process called ‘r dissimilation’, which has occurred in several English words that have two ‘r’s in them, including governor and particular. So while you may enunciate that ‘r’ if you would like, it’s not a requirement in either British or North American English.
5. February
For those who always getting in February-pronunciation arguments, there is no doubt some relief in the fact that it’s our shortest month. The battle over FEB-roo-ary and FEB-yuh-ri is an old one; the difference between the two goes back to the linguistic process of ‘r dissimilation’ mentioned above with ‘surprise’. However, both pronunciations are accepted in North American and British English.
6. Often
To say the ‘t’ or not say the ‘t’? Even though often ranks among the most frequently used words in English, there isn’t necessarily a clear consensus on how we should be pronouncing the word. When pronouncing often, some sound the ‘t’, saying OFT-uhn; for others, it is silent, as in soften orlisten . Either pronunciation is acceptable, although OFF-uhn is more common.
7. Human
Do you drop the ‘h’? Thanks to the major influence of French on the English language, there is a group of words, including hour, honest, and honor, which are pronounced without the ‘h’ at the beginning. However, there is another group of words, including human, huge, and humiliation, that are subject to some debate in terms of dropping the pronunciation of that initial ‘h: YOO-muhn instead of HYOO-muhnAlthough this pronunciation is fairly common (and accepted!) in North America, this pronunciation is not often heard in the UK.
8. Envelope
Ever had a minor skirmish about envelope while waiting in line to buy stamps? The pronunciation argument at hand has to do with the first syllable: should you say ON-vuh-lohp or EN-vuh-lohp? The former (and less common) pronunciation dates back to when the word first entered English from the French word enveloppe. The OED notes that this pseudo-French pronunciation is still frequently heard, although ‘there is no good reason for giving a foreign sound to a word which no one regards as alien, and which has been anglicized in spelling for nearly 200 years’. That said, both pronunciations are still acceptable.
9. Caramel

The word caramel can acceptably be pronounced in several accepted ways, including KARR-uh-mel, KARR-uh-muhl, and, in North American English, KAR-muhl. The disappearance of that second syllable -uh- in the final pronunciation seems to have been in the works for a long time. The word has been in English since the 18th century, which it came via French from the Spanish caramel. Order that caramel ice cream sundae however you like!

The Observation and Appreciation of Architecture


René Magritte - L'état de veille, 1958

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The Day Nixon Met Elvis
Paperback 46 pages

Theodore Roosevelt: Letters to his Children. 1903-1918
Paperback 194 pages

The Works of Horace
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The Quotable Greeks
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Quo Vadis: A narrative of the time of Nero
Paperback 420 pages

The Porchless Pumpkin: A Halloween Story for Children
A Halloween play for young children. By consent of the author, this play may be performed, at no charge, by educational institutions, neighborhood organizations and other not-for-profit-organizations.
A fun story with a moral
“I believe that Denny O'Day is an American treasure and this little book proves it. Jack is a pumpkin who happens to be very small, by pumpkins standards and as a result he goes unbought in the pumpkin patch on Halloween eve, but at the last moment he is given his chance to prove that just because you're small doesn't mean you can't be brave. Here is the point that I found so wonderful, the book stresses that while size doesn't matter when it comes to courage...ITS OKAY TO BE SCARED....as well. I think children need to hear that, that's its okay to be unsure because life is a ongoing lesson isn't it?”
Paperback: 42 pages

It's Not All Right to be a Foster Kid....no matter what they tell you: Tweet the books contents
Paperback 94 pages

From the Author
I spent my childhood, from age seven through seventeen, in foster care.  Over the course of those ten years, many decent, well-meaning, and concerned people told me, "It's okay to be foster kid."
In saying that, those very good people meant to encourage me, and I appreciated their kindness then, and all these many decades later, I still appreciate their good intentions. But as I was tossed around the foster care system, it began to dawn on me that they were wrong.  It was not all right to be a foster kid.
During my time in the system, I was bounced every eighteen months from three foster homes to an orphanage to a boy's school and to a group home before I left on my own accord at age seventeen.
In the course of my stay in foster care, I was severely beaten in two homes by my "care givers" and separated from my four siblings who were also in care, sometimes only blocks away from where I was living.
I left the system rather than to wait to age out, although the effects of leaving the system without any family, means, or safety net of any kind, were the same as if I had aged out. I lived in poverty for the first part of my life, dropped out of high school, and had continuous problems with the law.
 Today, almost nothing about foster care has changed.  Exactly what happened to me is happening to some other child, somewhere in America, right now.  The system, corrupt, bloated, and inefficient, goes on, unchanging and secretive.
Something has gone wrong in a system that was originally a compassionate social policy built to improve lives but is now a definitive cause in ruining lives.  Due to gross negligence, mismanagement, apathy, and greed, mostly what the foster care system builds are dangerous consequences. Truly, foster care has become our epic national disgrace and a nightmare for those of us who have lived through it.
Yet there is a suspicion among some Americans that foster care costs too much, undermines the work ethic, and is at odds with a satisfying life.  Others see foster care as a part of the welfare system, as legal plunder of the public treasuries.
 None of that is true; in fact, all that sort of thinking does is to blame the victims.  There is not a single child in the system who wants to be there or asked to be there.  Foster kids are in foster care because they had nowhere else to go.  It's that simple.  And believe me, if those kids could get out of the system and be reunited with their parents and lead normal, healthy lives, they would. And if foster care is a sort of legal plunder of the public treasuries, it's not the kids in the system who are doing the plundering.
 We need to end this needless suffering.  We need to end it because it is morally and ethically wrong and because the generations to come will not judge us on the might of our armed forces or our technological advancements or on our fabulous wealth.
 Rather, they will judge us, I am certain, on our compassion for those who are friendless, on our decency to those who have nothing and on our efforts, successful or not, to make our nation and our world a better place.  And if we cannot accomplish those things in the short time allotted to us, then let them say of us "at least they tried."
You can change the tragedy of foster care and here's how to do it.  We have created this book so that almost all of it can be tweeted out by you to the world.  You have the power to improve the lives of those in our society who are least able to defend themselves.  All you need is the will to do it.
 If the American people, as good, decent and generous as they are, knew what was going on in foster care, in their name and with their money, they would stop it.  But, generally speaking, although the public has a vague notion that foster care is a mess, they don't have the complete picture. They are not aware of the human, economic and social cost that the mismanagement of the foster care system puts on our nation.
By tweeting the facts laid out in this work, you can help to change all of that.  You can make a difference.  You can change things for the better.
We can always change the future for a foster kid; to make it better ...you have the power to do that. Speak up (or tweet out) because it's your country.  Don't depend on the "The other guy" to speak up for these kids, because you are the other guy.
We cannot build a future for foster children, but we can build foster children for the future and the time to start that change is today.

No time to say Goodbye: Memoirs of a life in foster 
Paperbook 440 Books


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Kahlil Gibran, an artist, poet, and writer was born on January 6, 1883 n the north of modern-day Lebanon and in what was then part of Ottoman Empire. He had no formal schooling in Lebanon. In 1895, the family immigrated to the United States when Kahlil was a young man and settled in South Boston. Gibran enrolled in an art school and was soon a member of the avant-garde community and became especially close to Boston artist, photographer, and publisher Fred Holland Day who encouraged and supported Gibran’s creative projects. An accomplished artist in drawing and watercolor, Kahlil attended art school in Paris from 1908 to 1910, pursuing a symbolist and romantic style. He held his first art exhibition of his drawings in 1904 in Boston, at Day's studio. It was at this exhibition, that Gibran met Mary Elizabeth Haskell, who ten years his senior. The two formed an important friendship and love affair that lasted the rest of Gibran’s short life. Haskell influenced every aspect of Gibran’s personal life and career. She became his editor when he began to write and ushered his first book into publication in 1918, The Madman, a slim volume of aphorisms and parables written in biblical cadence somewhere between poetry and prose. Gibran died in New York City on April 10, 1931, at the age of 48 from cirrhosis of the liver and tuberculosis.

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