John William Tuohy lives in Washington DC

Who murdered Bugsy Siegel?

Who murdered Bugsy Siegel?
John William Tuohy

On June 20, 1947, mobster Bugsy Siegel was shot to death as he sat on a sofa reading a newspaper at his girlfriend’s home at 810 North Linden Avenue in Beverly Hills.
At about 10:45 PM, the killer fired 9 shots from 14 feet away, while balancing his rifle, probably a .30 caliber M1 carbine, on latticework in the backyard of the house. Only two shots hit Siegel. 

Five entered the far wall on the other side of the room from Siegel and two other bounced off of different objects in the room. Two of the bullets did cut through Siegel’s jacket but did not harm to him. 

Three people who were in the house at the time of Bugsy Siegel's assassination: E. S. Lee, the Chinese cook; Charles Hill, brother of homeowner Virginia Hill; and Jerrie Mason, her secretary. The three had retired, leaving only Siegel and Smiley in the living room when the shooting occurred.

The two bullets that killed Siegel were remarkably well placed. One entered his right face cheek and exited the left side of his neck. The other landed on the right bridge of the nose causing enough pressure to send his eye ten feet across the room. “The killer” reported the FBI agent on the scene “almost had to shoot around the corner and he was obviously a very good shot”

Who shot Siegel and why they shot him isn’t known. Ernest Roll, then the Chief Deputy District Attorney in LA said “Frankly this is going to be a tough one to solve, as far as I know, there might have been as many as a hundred people out there who wanted Siegel out of the way”

One theory says the mob-sanctioned the kill because Siegel was stealing money intended as investments in the Flamingo hotel and casino in Las Vegas. That explanation has never made a lot of sense.
A recent theory says that Siegel was killed by a man named Mathew "Moose" Pandza, the lover of Bee Sedway, the wife of Moe Sedway, who worked under Siegel. According to that theory, Bee Sedway asked her loved to kill Siegel because Siegel was planning to murder her husband.

Bee Sedway and Moose Pandza

Moey Sedway

Another theory, an interesting theory, is that disturbed young man named Bob MacDonald, a war hero murdered Siegel. The story is, according to some that Bob and Betty Ann’s son, John was actually the illegitimate son of Howard Hughes as a result of Betty’s wartime affair with Hughes.
The son of Archie A Macdonald, a Minnesotan and Ellen M Macdonald. He was born in LA and grew up in a mansion at 133 North Palmas Avenue, one of three brothers.

Arch MacDonald

The family was wealthy. Archie worked as a high placed executive for Howard Hughes and had interests in the Ekoh Oil Company and Ring and various natural gas holdings. They owned a home in Los Angeles (133 Las Palmas Ave., worth around $5 million today) and retreat on Balboa Island.
In 1940, Bob Macdonald eloped with a 17-year-old socialite named Better Ann Rockwell. Shortly afterward, when Betty Ann was 17 years old, she supposedly had an affair with Archie Macdonald’s boss, billionaire Howard Hughes, and that affair produced a child, John, in 1941.

Howard Hughes, circa 1940 

In 1942, Bob Macdonald enlisted in the army air corps and was assigned to the European theater. MacDonald was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross and Air Medal with 11 clusters for 81 missions. He also won three Purple Hearts, the Silver Star and the Bronze Star. He entered the service as a private and left at the rank of Lieutenant. He returned home to a hero’s welcome which included a ride with other war heroes in the 1945 Tournament of Roses parade in Pasadena on New Year's day.

But overall, after leaving the army in 1945, he never held a regular job which was one of the many problems the couple had since Betty Ann insisted that he find work. According to police, Macdonald had threatened to murder Betty Ann several times in the past. 

Howard Hughes and John MacDoanld

MacDonald is said to have become a drunk, a drug user and a degenerate gambler. He was reportedly violent in his marriage and was under psychiatric care at VA hospital. She had filed for divorce in May of 1946 but the couple reconciled and the filing was canceled
The story is that Macdonald ended up owing LA mobster Jack Dragna $50,000 in gambling debts. Just under $600,000 today) Dragna, who somehow knew that MacDonald owned a carbine rifle, is supposed to have made MacDonald an offer; kill Bugsy Siegel and all debts are forgiven.

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Jack Dragna

In this version of the gangster murder, after shooting Siegel, the story goes, under cover of darkness, MacDonald walked across the Los Angeles Country Club back to his home on 822 Warner Avenue, about 1.6 miles from the murder site. (a six-minute drive)
That was on June 20. On September 13, 1947, Macdonald snapped. At that point in the marriage, Macdonald was sleeping in the den. He woke up just before noon when Betty Ann asked him to move his car so she could drive their son to the dentist. An argument broke out over Betty’s will.
Earlier in the day, Betty Ann called her attorney, Birger Tinglof, and told him to prepare a will in which she left her $70,000 estate to her children, John and Ellen Jay. That call led to a violent argument with Bob. (The value of $70,000 today would be roughly $800,000) The will read that should her husband survive her that should not share in the wealth "for reasons well known to him and myself."
Macdonald either told his wife to go upstairs or shoved her upstairs to their bedroom. The children’s nurse, Constance Baker, said she heard sounds of scuffling, then loud voices and a scream for help. She ran up the stairs and as she neared the upper landing the boy, John, came hurtling out of the bedroom door, as if thrown, and then she heard shots. MacDonald had used a carbine rifle to shoot Betty Ann in the chest shot his wife once in the chest and once in the head. She was 24 years old. He then took the rifle, placed in his mouth and pulled the trigger killing himself. He was 27 years old.
Of all the tales about Siegel’s well-deserved killing, I agree with the original Justice Department theory that Siegel was murdered due to his narcotics activities.
Bureau of Narcotics agent W. J. Craig said that Siegel was killed because the mob found out that he was about to be arrested for his part in massive Mexico t0 Los Angeles dope ring. According to Craig, Siegel arrest warrant was set for the day after he was murdered.
“Bugsy” Craig said “was one of the biggest drug peddlers in the United States. He was financing international deals in various (types) of narcotics …..we expect to have some amazing disclosures soon in this case," Craig said. "This ring, which included such prominent gangsters as Charles “Lucky” Luciano and Frank Costello, has been operating with millions of dollars and an army of gunmen from coast to coast. He added that Siegel participated in "big international narcotics deals."…… "We have a heavy file on Siegel"
Joseph Bell, the treasury department chief of narcotics for the west coast said that Siegel was killed because he was blocking Luciano for complete control over the Mexico-to- LA market.
In Washington, Bureau of Narcotics boss Harry Anslinger (Charlie Luciano insisted on calling Anslinger “Harry the ass slinger) called Siegel “A big operator in the narcotics” who bought his dope wholesale from Lucky Luciano.

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Harry Anslinger

The day after Siegel was killed Mexican authorities said Siegel was the head of a multi-million dollar narcotics syndicate supplying Hollywood and Eastern markets and that Siegel’s dope ring used airplanes, speedboats, and cars to bring the dope into the United States. They cited one example of a car they said belonged to the gang which had several secret compartments that stashed away 300 cans of opium. Lastly, the Mexicans said that Siegel murder was probably a result of a spat within the gang. That spat, according to the Bureau of Narcotics, in 1946, Luciano was trying to control the Mexican narcotics traffic into the United States.
A high placed federal snitch in Chicago told the narcotics bureau that Luciano’s representatives met with Siegel in Las Vegas in Early June and told him, flatly, they if he didn’t get out of the way, he would be killed.
The feds learned about Siegel’s Mexico to LA dope ring from Mexicali Police Chief Juan Menesen, a key figure In U. S.- Mexican efforts to halt illegal narcotics traffic across the California border. Menesen got his information from a Mexican dope pusher and murderer named Frank Orbe (AKA Frank Galliano and Mexican Frank) a snitch for the Bureau who said that Siegel cheated him out of $62,000 in proceeds from a dope deal. Chief Menesen who investigating it when he was killed on June 23, 1947. He was ambushed and shot dozens of times by a machine gun.
In 1931 Orbe was charged with the attempted murder of US federal Narcotics agent John Anderson during a shoot out in the streets of San Francisco. Two years before, Orbe ad two other men were arrested for drunk driving, resisting arrest and possession of narcotics in San Francisco and told the police that he should be released because he was an undercover agent with the Bureau of Narcotics trying to build a case against the men he was with.
In 1947, Orbe started cooperating with the government and accusing Siegel of cheating him, Orbe was in jail in Tijuana Mexico for the brutal murder of big-time Mexican dope smuggler Enrique Diarte. In November of 1944, Orbe shot through Diarte through the heart, cut his throat and his skull smashed.
Diarte’s murder was related to a massive 1944 dope investigation by the US treasury department that stretched from New York City to the Bahamas, and to California and Chicago. That case was part of a related 1942 case the Treasury Department was building against the 107th Street Mob, AKA the Morello Gang) that dominated dope deal and just about everything else in East Harlem, Manhattan, and parts of the Bronx.

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Joe Morello

In the 1942 case 17 people were indicted at New York for dealing in opium and heroin from Mexico. Their out west connection was what remained of the Antone "Black Tony" Parmagini gang in Santa Cruz California. (That had originally been financed by Al Capone to do dope deals as a private investment for him)
An undercover Treasury agents named Benedict Pocoroba managed to join the Parmagini operation and collected enough information to bring the entire operation down. Gang leaders Joe "The Eye" Tocco and Sam Maugeri were arrested on dope smuggling charges as they stepped off a train in Chicago with 622 ounces of opium and eight ounces of heroin. Maugeri was given 20 years in prison and Tocco, ten years. The gang's leader, Charlie "Big Nose" LaGaipa, disappeared before he could be arrested although the police suspected that he had been shot to death in his own car and buried out in the desert.
Just less than a month before Siegel bought the farm, his playmate and fellow dope dealer Nick DeJohn was murdered. The FBI wa certain that DeJohn’s murder had some sort of connection to Siegel’s killing, probably through dope, but they weren’t certain what it was.
In the early 1940s, DeJohn, who was not made into the Mafia, was close to Chicago’s mob boss Frank Nitti. Then, in 1943, Nitti killed himself and Paul Ricca, a cold-blooded snake, took over the Chicago Outfit. Ricca’s son was a drug addict, and that, combined with Ricca’s (Who was an illegal alien wanted for murder in his native Italy) complete fear of the federal government which hounded him until his dying day.

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Paul Ricca

Ricca outlawed the Chicago mobs and its associates from dealing in drugs. That was the official ruling. The unofficial ruling was “Don’t get caught dealing drugs.” Of course, by then, the Chicago Outfit had already planted its people in Mexico and by 1958, future mob boss Sam Giancana had an established a solid dope smuggling operation with the help of deported hood named Nick Circella.

Circella AKA Nicky Dean

By 1943, DeJohn, an abrasive thug, was a power on Chicago’s Northside and along Rush Street and was one of the city’s leading bookmakers and casino operators. He was also running dope and high-end prostitutes into Chicago through his considerable connection in Dallas, Kansas City, San Francisco and St. Louis, although Tommy Buffa out of St. Louis seemed to be his primary source for dope.

Nick DeJohn
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Tommy Buffa

With the help of a hood named Leonard Calamia, DeJohn smuggled his dope around the United States via various mob owned olive oil and cheese businesses. Calamia, a one time killer for hire, had already done a year in jail for peddling dope and was suspected in the killing of a dope dealer named Carl Caramusa.

Leonard Calamia

DeJohn and Calami’s dope operations in Chicago was enormous and, in 1943, with Paul Ricca and the entire Chicago leadership on trial for extortion, DeJohn starting talking about taking over Chicago for himself and, backed by his relative (DeJohn was his nephew) Vincent “The Don” Benevento, who fronted as a cheese importer, made a push to take over Continental, Chicago incredibly lucrative racing wire service.
Ricca ordered his underboss Tony Accardo to deal with the situation. On December 28, 1945, Benevento was working in one of his cheese stores at 1057 Grand Avenue when three hoods entered and fired four shots into Benevento, hitting him in the stomach, neck, e right arm and left armpit. Remarkably, he survived.
On September 21, 1946, Benevento and his wife were laying in bed in a rented cabin about three miles south of Lake Zurich. Three hitmen kicked in the door and fired seven shotgun blasts and few .45 caliber pistol bullets at Benevento, killing him.

Tom Buffa from St. Louis, one of DeJohn’s partners was murdered a year later as he drove through the town of Lodi California.
DeJohn beat it out of town for San Francisco. The mob found him and sent Leonard Calamia to lure him to his death. On May 9th, 1947, DeJohn was seen that afternoon with Leonard Calamia and another hood named John Passantino driving around San Francisco and shopping. Calamia suggested they drop by LaRocca's Tavern on Columbus Avenue, a known mob meeting place. There they met with dope dealers Sebastian Nani, of Brooklyn and Ciro Gallo(Who was rumored to be DeJohn illegitimate son) Somebody garroted or strangled DeJohn using heavy braided fishing line. His body was tossed in a trunk of a black Chrysler Town and Country parked at Laguna and Greenwich Streets.
His killer was more than probably Frank Scappatura, a former Chicagoan who moved to San Francisco and probably held the rank of crew leader in the fledgling San Francisco mob. By the mid-1940s, Scappatura was a millionaire who held interests in Sunland Sales Company (olive oil) and the Coronet Olive Oil Co. in Oroville, California. To fill in the gaps he also ran extortions on local abortion clinic, which were illegal but very profitable. Scappatura and a dope dealing hood named Anthony Lima were identified by an eyewitness as being around the car in which DeJohn's strangled corpse was found. Leonard Calamia, who was also suspected of playing a role in the murder. When the cops arrested Scappatura for the DeJohn hit he told the press "I can beat it". He was right of course, the case against him was dropped in April of 1949.

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The Bureau of Narcotics said that the reason Buffa and DeJohn were murdered was because they had refused to give Lucky Luciano the share on dope sales that he demanded from them and instead turned to Siegel for protection and a partnership.

In the end, no one will ever be able to say for certain who murdered Bugsy Siegel

The Beat Generation - Seven Arts Cafe, New York City, 1959. Photograph by Burt Glinn.

George Bernard Shaw,The Miraculous Revenge

The Miraculous Revenge
George Bernard Shaw

I arrived in Dublin on the evening of the 5th of August, and drove to the residence of my uncle, the Cardinal Archbishop. He is, like most of my family, deficient in feeling, and consequently cold to me personally. He lives in a dingy house, with a side-long view of the portico of his cathedral from the front windows, and of a monster national school from the back. My uncle maintains no retinue. The people believe that he is waited upon by angels. When I knocked at the door, an old woman, his only servant, opened it, and informed me that her master was then officiating in the cathedral, and that he had directed her to prepare dinner for me in his absence.

An unpleasant smell of salt fish made me ask her what the dinner consisted of. She assured me that she had cooked all that could be permitted in His Holiness’s house on a Friday. On my asking her further why on a Friday, she replied that Friday was a fast day. I bade her tell His Holiness that I had hoped to have the pleasure of calling on him shortly, and drove to a hotel in Sackville Street, where I engaged apartments and dined.

After dinner I resumed my eternal search — I know not for what: it drives me to and fro like another Cain. I sought in the streets without success. I went to the theatre. The music was execrable, the scenery poor. I had seen the play a month before in London, with the same beautiful artist in the chief part. Two years had passed since, seeing her for the first time, I had hoped that she, perhaps, might be the long-sought mystery. It had proved otherwise. On this night I looked at her and listened to her for the sake of that bygone hope, and applauded her generously when the curtain fell. But I went out lonely still. When I had supped at a restaurant, I returned to my hotel, and tried to read. In vain. The sound of feet in the corridors as the other occupants of the hotel went to bed distracted my attention from my book. Suddenly it occurred to me that I had never quite understood my uncle’s character. He, father to a great flock of poor and ignorant Irish; an austere and saintly man, to whom livers of hopeless lives daily appealed for help heavenward; who was reputed never to have sent away a troubled peasant without relieving him of his burden by sharing it; whose knees were worn less by the altar steps than by the tears and embraces of the guilty and wretched: he had refused to humour my light extravagances, or to find time to talk with me of books, flowers, and music. Had I not been mad to expect it? Now that I needed sympathy myself, I did him justice. I desired to be with a true-hearted man, and to mingle my tears with his.

I looked at my watch. It was nearly an hour past midnight. In the corridor the lights were out, except one jet at the end. I threw a cloak upon my shoulders, put on a Spanish hat, and left my apartment, listening to the echoes of my measured steps retreating through the deserted passages.

A strange sight arrested me on the landing of the grand staircase. Through an open door I saw the moonlight shining through the windows of a saloon in which some entertainment had recently taken place. I looked at my watch again: it was but one o’clock and yet the guests had departed. I entered the room, my boots ringing loudly on the waxed boards. On a chair lay a child’s cloak and a broken toy. The entertainment had been a children’s party. I stood for a time looking at the shadow of my cloaked figure upon the floor, and at the disordered decorations, ghostly in the white light. Then I saw that there was a grand piano, still open, in the middle of the room. My fingers throbbed as I sat down before it, and expressed all that I felt in a grand hymn which seemed to thrill the cold stillness of the shadows into a deep hum of approbation, and to people the radiance of the moon with angels. Soon there was a stir without too, as if the rapture were spreading abroad. I took up the chant triumphantly with my voice, and the empty saloon resounded as though to the thunder of an orchestra.

‘Hallo, sir!’ ‘Confound you, sir —’ ‘Do you suppose that this —’ ‘What the deuce —?’

I turned; and silence followed. Six men, partially dressed, and with dishevelled hair, stood regarding me angrily. They all carried candles. One of them had a bootjack, which he held like a truncheon. Another, the foremost, had a pistol. The night porter was behind trembling.

‘Sir,’ said the man with the revolver, coarsely, ‘may I ask whether you are mad, that you disturb people at this hour with such an unearthly noise?’

‘Is it possible that you dislike it?’ I replied, courteously.

‘Dislike it!’ said he, stamping with rage. ‘Why — damn everything — do you suppose we were enjoying it?’

‘Take care: he’s mad,’ whispered the man with the bootjack.

I began to laugh. Evidently they did think me mad. Unaccustomed to my habits, and ignorant of music as they probably were, the mistake, however absurd, was not unnatural. I rose. They came closer to one another; and the night porter ran away.

‘Gentlemen,’ I said, ‘I am sorry for you. Had you lain still and listened, we should all have been the better and happier. But what you have done, you cannot undo. Kindly inform the night porter that I am gone to visit my uncle, the Cardinal Archbishop. Adieu!’

I strode past them, and left them whispering among themselves. Some minutes later I knocked at the door of the Cardinal’s house. Presently a window on the first floor was opened; and the moonbeams fell on a grey head, with a black cap that seemed ashy pale against the unfathomable gloom of the shadow beneath the stone sill.

‘Who are you?’

‘I am Zeno Legge.’

‘What do you want at this hour?’

The question wounded me. ‘My dear uncle,’ I exclaimed, ‘I know you do not intend it, but you make me feel unwelcome. Come down and let me in, I beg.’

‘Go to your hotel,’ he said sternly. ‘I will see you in the morning. Goodnight.’ He disappeared and closed the window.

I felt that if I let this rebuff pass, I should not feel kindly towards my uncle in the morning, nor, indeed, at any future time. I therefore plied the knocker with my right hand, and kept the bell ringing with my left until I heard the door-chain rattle within. The Cardinal’s expression was grave nearly to moroseness as he confronted me on the threshold.

‘Uncle,’ I cried, grasping his hand, ‘do not reproach me. Your door is never shut against the wretched. I am wretched. Let us sit up all night and talk.’

‘You may thank my position and not my charity for your admission, Zeno,’ he said. ‘For the sake of the neighbours, I had rather you played the fool in my study than upon my doorstep at this hour. Walk upstairs quietly, if you please. My housekeeper is a hard-working woman: the little sleep she allows herself must not be disturbed.’

‘You have a noble heart, uncle. I shall creep like a mouse.’

‘This is my study,’ he said, as we entered an ill-furnished den on the second floor. ‘The only refreshment I can offer you, if you desire any, is a bunch of raisins. The doctors have forbidden you to touch stimulants, I believe.’

‘By heaven —!’ He raised his finger. ‘Pardon me: I was wrong to swear. But I had totally forgotten the doctors. At dinner I had a bottle of Graves.’.‘Humph! You have no business to be travelling alone. Your mother promised me that Bushy should come over here with you.’

‘Pshaw! Bushy is not a man of feeling. Besides, he is a coward. He refused to come with me because I purchased a revolver.’

‘He should have taken the revolver from you, and kept to his post.’

‘Why will you persist in treating me like a child, uncle? I am very impressionable, I grant you; but I have gone round the world alone, and do not need to be dry-nursed through a tour in Ireland.’

‘What do you intend to do during your stay here?’

I had no plans; and instead of answering I shrugged my shoulders and looked round the apartment. There was a statuette of the Virgin upon my uncle’s desk. I looked at its face, as he was wont to look in the midst of his labours. I saw there eternal peace. The air became luminous with an infinite network of the jewelled rings of Paradise descending in roseate clouds upon us.

‘Uncle,’ I said, bursting into the sweetest tears I had ever shed, ‘my wanderings are over. I will enter the Church, if you will help me. Let us read together the third part of Faust; for I understand it at last.’

‘Hush, man,’ he said, half rising with an expression of alarm. ‘Control yourself.’

‘Do not let my tears mislead you. I am calm and strong. Quick, let us have Goethe:

Das Unbeschreibliche.

Hier ist gethan;

Das Ewig–Weibliche.

Zieht uns hinan.’

‘Come, come. Dry your eyes and be quiet. I have no library here.’

‘But I have — in my portmanteau at the hotel,’ I said, rising. ‘Let me go for it, I will return in fifteen minutes.’

‘The devil is in you, I believe. Cannot —’

I interrupted him with a shout of laughter. ‘Cardinal,’ I said noisily, ‘you have become profane; and a profane priest is always the best of good fellows. Let us have some wine; and I will sing you a German beer song.’

‘Heaven forgive me if I do you wrong,’ he said; ‘but I believe God has laid the expiation of some sin on your unhappy head. Will you favour me with your attention for a while? I have something to say to you, and I have also to get some sleep before my hour for rising, which is half-past five.’

‘My usual hour for retiring — when I retire at all. But proceed. My fault is not inattention, but over-susceptibility.’

‘Well, then, I want you to go to Wicklow. My reasons —’

‘No matter what they may be,’ said I, rising again. ‘It is enough that you desire me to go. I shall start forthwith.’

‘Zeno! will you sit down and listen to me?’

I sank upon my chair reluctantly. ‘Ardour is a crime in your eyes, even when it is shown in your service,’ I said. ‘May I turn down the light?’


‘To bring on my sombre mood, in which I am able to listen with tireless patience.’

‘I will turn it down myself. Will that do?’.I thanked him, and composed myself to listen in the shadow. My eyes, I felt, glittered. I was like Poe’s raven.

‘Now for my reasons for sending you to Wicklow. First, for your own sake. If you stay in town, or in any place where excitement can be obtained by any means, you will be in Swift’s Hospital in a week. You must live in the country, under the eye of one upon whom I can depend.

And you must have something to do to keep you out of mischief, and away from your music and painting and poetry, which, Sir John Richards writes to me, are dangerous for you in your present morbid state. Second, because I can entrust you with a task which, in the hands of a sensible man, might bring discredit on the Church. In short, I want you to investigate a miracle.’

He looked attentively at me. I sat like a statue.

‘You understand me?’ he said.

‘Nevermore,’ I replied, hoarsely. ‘Pardon me,’ I added, amused at the trick my imagination had played me, ‘I understand you perfectly. Proceed.’

‘I hope you do. Well, four miles distant from the town of Wick-low is a village called Four Mile Water. The resident priest is Father Hickey. You have heard of the miracles at Knock?’

I winked.

‘I did not ask you what you think of them, but whether you have heard of them. I see you have.

I need not tell you that even a miracle may do more harm than good to the Church in this country, unless it can be proved so thoroughly that her powerful and jealous enemies are silenced by the testimony of followers of their heresy. Therefore, when I saw in a Wexford newspaper last week a description of a strange manifestation of the Divine Power which was said to have taken place at Four Mile Water, I was troubled in my mind about it. So I wrote to Father Hickey, bidding him give me an account of the matter if it were true, and, if not, to denounce from the altar the author of the report, and to contradict it in the paper at once. This is his reply. He says —— well, the first part is about Church matters: I need not trouble you with it. He goes on to say ——‘One moment. Is that his own handwriting? It does not look like a man’s.’

‘He suffers from rheumatism in the fingers of his right hand; and his niece, who is an orphan, and lives with him, acts as his amanuensis. Well —’

‘Stay. What is her name?’

‘Her name? Kate Hickey.’

‘How old is she?’

‘Tush, man, she is only a little girl. If she were old enough to concern you, I should not send you into her way. Have you any more questions to ask about her?’

‘None. I can fancy her in a white veil at the rite of confirmation, a type of faith and innocence.

Enough of her. What says the Reverend Hickey of the apparitions?’

‘They are not apparitions. I will read you what he says. Ahem! “In reply to your inquiries concerning the late miraculous event in this parish, I have to inform you that I can vouch for its truth, and that I can be confirmed not only by the inhabitants of the place, who are all Catholics, but by every person acquainted with the former situation of the graveyard referred to, including the Protestant Archdeacon of Baltinglas, who spends six weeks annually in the neighbourhood.”

The newspaper account is incomplete and inaccurate. The following are the facts: About four years ago, a man named Wolfe Tone Fitzgerald settled in this village as a farrier. His antecedents did not transpire; and he had no family. He lived by himself; was very careless of his person; and when in his cups, as he often was, regarded the honour neither of God nor man in his conversation. Indeed if it were not speaking ill of the dead, one might say that he was a dirty, drunken, blasphemous blackguard. Worse again, he was, I fear, an atheist; for he never attended Mass, and gave His Holiness worse language even than he gave the Queen. I should have mentioned that he was a bitter rebel, and boasted that his grandfather had been out in ‘98, and his father with Smith O’Brien. At last he went by the name of Brimstone Billy, and was held up in the village as the type of all wickedness.

‘“You are aware that our graveyard, situated on the north side of the water, is famous throughout the country as the burial-place of the nuns of St Ursula, the hermit of Four Mile Water, and many other holy people. No Protestant has ever ventured to enforce his legal right of interment there, though two have died in the parish within my own recollection. Three weeks ago, this Fitzgerald died in a fit brought on by drink; and a great hullabaloo was raised in the village when it became known that he would be buried in the graveyard. The body had to be watched to prevent its being stolen and buried at the cross-roads. My people were greatly disappointed when they were told I could do nothing to stop the burial, particularly as I of course refused to read any service on the occasion. However, I bade them not interfere; and the inter-ment was effected on the 14th of July, late in the evening, and long after the legal hour. There was no disturbance. Next morning, the graveyard was found moved to the south side of the water, with the one newly-filled grave left behind on the north side; and thus they both remain.”

The departed saints would not lie with the reprobate. I can testify to it on the oath of a Christian priest; and if this will not satisfy those outside the Church, everyone, as I said before, who remembers where the graveyard was two months ago, can confirm me.

“‘I respectfully suggest that a thorough investigation into the truth of this miracle be proposed to a committee of Protestant gentlemen. They shall not be asked to accept a single fact on hearsay from my people. The ordnance maps show where the graveyard was; and anyone can see for himself where it is. I need not tell your Eminence what a rebuke this would be to those enemies of the holy Church that have sought to put a stain on her by discrediting the late wonderful manifestations at Knock Chapel. If they come to Four Mile Water, they need cross-examine no one. They will be asked to believe nothing but their own senses.

“‘Awaiting your Eminence’s counsel to guide me further in the matter, ‘“I am, etc.”’

‘Well, Zeno,’ said my uncle: ‘what do you think of Father Hickey now?’

‘Uncle: do not ask me. Beneath this roof I desire to believe everything. The Reverend Hickey has appealed strongly to my love of legend. Let us admire the poetry of his narrative, and ignore the balance of probability between a Christian priest telling a lie on his oath and a graveyard swimming across a river in the middle of the night and forgetting to return.

‘Tom Hickey is not telling a lie, sir. You may take my word for that. But he may be mistaken.’

‘Such a mistake amounts to insanity. It is true that I myself, awaking suddenly in the depth of night, have found myself convinced that the position of my bed had been reversed. But on opening my eyes the illusion ceased. I fear Mr Hickey is mad. Your best course is this. Send down to Four Mile Water a perfectly sane investigator; an acute observer; one whose perceptive faculties, at once healthy and subtle, are absolutely unclouded by religious prejudice. In a word, send me. I will report to you the true state of affairs in a few days; and you can then make arrangements for transferring Hickey from the altar to the asylum.’

‘Yes, I had intended to send you. You are wonderfully sharp; and you would make a capital detective if you could only keep your mind to one point. But your chief qualification for this business is that you are too crazy to excite the suspicion of those whom you may have to watch.

For the affair may be a trick. If so, I hope and believe that Hickey has no hand in it. Still, it is my duty to take every precaution.’

‘Cardinal: may I ask whether traces of insanity have ever appeared in our family?’

‘Except in you and in my grandmother, no. She was a Pole; and you resemble her personally.

Why do you ask?’

‘Because it has often occurred to me that you are, perhaps, a little cracked. Excuse my candour; but a man who has devoted his life to the pursuit of a red hat; who accuses everyone else beside himself of being mad; and who is disposed to listen seriously to a tale of a peripatetic graveyard, can hardly be quite sane. Depend upon it, uncle, you want rest and change. The blood of your Polish grandmother is in your veins.’

‘I hope I may not be committing a sin in sending a ribald on the Church’s affairs,’ he replied, fervently. ‘However, we must use the instruments put into our hands. Is it agreed that you go?’

‘Had you not delayed me with this story, which I might as well have learned on the spot, I should have been there already.’

‘There is no occasion for impatience, Zeno. I must first send to Hickey to find a place for you.

I shall tell him that you are going to recover your health, as, in fact, you are. And, Zeno, in Heaven’s name be discreet. Try to act like a man of sense. Do not dispute with Hickey on matters of religion. Since you are my nephew, you had better not disgrace me.’

‘I shall become an ardent Catholic, and do you infinite credit, uncle.’

‘I wish you would, although you would hardly be an acquisition to the Church. And now I must turn you out. It is nearly three o’clock; and I need some sleep. Do you know your way back to your hotel!’

‘I need not stir. I can sleep in this chair. Go to bed, and never mind me.’

‘I shall not close my eyes until you are safely out of the house. Come, rouse yourself, and say goodnight.’

The following is a copy of my first report to the Cardinal:

Four Mile Water, County Wicklow.
10th August.

My Dear Uncle.

The miracle is genuine. I have affected perfect credulity in order to throw the Hickeys and the countryfolk off their guard with me. I have listened to their method of convincing sceptical strangers. I have examined the ordnance maps, and cross-examined the neighbouring Protestant gentlefolk. I have spent a day upon the ground on each side of the water, and have visited it at midnight. I have considered the upheaval theories, subsidence theories, volcanic theories and tidal wave theories which the provincial savants have suggested. They are all untenable. There is only one scoffer in the district, an Orangeman; and he admits the removal of the cemetery, but says it was dug up and transplanted in the night by a body of men under the command of Father Tom. This also is out of the question. The interment of Brimstone Billy was the first which had taken place for four years; and his is the only grave which bears a trace of recent digging. It is alone on the north bank; and the inhabitants shun it after nightfall. As each passer-by during the day throws a stone upon it, it will soon be marked by a large cairn. The graveyard, with a ruined stone chapel still standing in its midst, is on the south side. You may send down a committee to investigate the matter as soon as you please. There can be no doubt as to the miracle having actually taken place, as recorded by Hickey. As for me, I have grown so accustomed to it that if the county Wicklow were to waltz off with me to Middlesex, I should be quite impatient of any expressions of surprise from my friends in London.

Is not the above a businesslike statement? Away, then, with this stale miracle. If you would see for yourself a miracle which can never pall, a vision of youth and health to be crowned with garlands for ever, come down and see Kate Hickey, whom you suppose to be a little girl.

Illusion, my lord cardinal, illusion! She is seventeen, with a bloom and a brogue that would lay your asceticism in ashes at a flash. To her I am an object of wonder, a strange man bred in wicked cities. She is courted by six feet of farming material, chopped off a spare length of coarse humanity by the Almighty, and flung into Wicklow to plough the fields. His name is Phil Langan; and he hates me. I have to consort with him for the sake of Father Tom, whom I entertain vastly by stories of your wild oats sown at Salamanca. I exhausted all my authentic anecdotes the first day; and now I invent gallant escapades with Spanish donnas, in which you figure as a youth of unstable morals. This delights Father Tom infinitely. I feel that I have done you a service by thus casting on the cold sacerdotal abstraction which formerly represented you in Kate’s imagination a ray of vivifying passion.

What a country this is! A Hesperidean garden: such skies!

Adieu, uncle. Zeno Legge.

Behold me, then, at Four Mile Water, in love. I had been in love frequently; but not oftener than once a year had I encountered a woman who affected me as seriously as Kate Hickey. She was so shrewd, and yet so flippant! When I spoke of art she yawned. When I deplored the sordidness of the world she laughed, and called me ‘poor fellow’! When I told her what a treasure of beauty and freshness she had she ridiculed me. When I reproached her with her brutality she became angry, and sneered at me for being what she called a fine gentleman. One sunny afternoon we were standing at the gate of her uncle’s house, she looking down the dusty road for the detestable Langan, I watching the spotless azure sky, when she said:

‘How soon are you going back to London?’

‘I am not going back to London, Miss Hickey. I am not yet tired of Four Mile Water.’

‘I’m sure Four Mile Water ought to be proud of your approbation.’

‘You disapprove of my liking it, then? Or is it that you grudge me the happiness I have found there? I think Irish ladies grudge a man a moment’s peace.’

‘I wonder you have ever prevailed on yourself to associate with Irish ladies, since they are so far beneath you.’

‘Did I say they were beneath me, Miss Hickey? I feel that I have made a deep impression on you.’

‘Indeed! Yes, you’re quite right. I assure you I can’t sleep at night for thinking of you, Mr Legge. It’s the best a Christian can do, seeing you think so mighty little of yourself.’

‘You are triply wrong, Miss Hickey: wrong to be sarcastic with me, wrong to pretend that there is anything unreasonable in my belief that you think of me sometimes, and wrong to discourage the candour with which I always avow that I think constantly of myself.’

‘Then you had better not speak to me, since I have no manners.’

‘Again! Did I say you had no manners? The warmest expressions of regard from my mouth seem to reach your ears transformed into insults. Were I to repeat the Litany of the Blessed Virgin, you would retort as though I had been reproaching you. This is because you hate me.

You never misunderstand Langan, whom you love.

‘I don’t know what London manners are, Mr Legge; but in Ireland gentlemen are expected to mind their own business. How dare you say I love Mr Langan?’

‘Then you do not love him?’

‘It is nothing to you whether I love him or not.’

‘Nothing to me that you hate me and love another?’

‘I didn’t say I hated you. You’re not so very clever yourself at understanding what people say, though you make such a fuss because they don’t understand you.’ Here, as she glanced down the road again, she suddenly looked glad.

‘Aha!’ I said.

‘What do you mean by “Aha!”’

‘No matter. I will now show you what a man’s sympathy is. As you perceived just then, Langan — who is too tall for his age, by the bye — is coming to pay you a visit. Well, instead of staying with you, as a jealous woman would, I will withdraw.’

‘I don’t care whether you go or stay, I’m sure. I wonder what you would give to be as fine a man as Mr Langan.’

‘All I possess: I swear it! But solely because you admire tall men more than broad views. Mr Langan may be defined geometrically as length without breadth; altitude without position; a line on the landscape, not a point in it.’

‘How very clever you are!’

‘You do not understand me, I see. Here comes your lover, stepping over the wall like a camel.

And here go I, out through the gate like a Christian. Good afternoon, Mr Langan. I am going because Miss Hickey has something to say to you about me which she would rather not say in my presence. You will excuse me?’

‘Oh, I’ll excuse you,’ said he boorishly. I smiled, and went out. Before I was quite out of hearing, Kate whispered vehemently to him, ‘I hate that fellow.’

I smiled again; but I had scarcely done so when my spirits fell. I walked hastily away with a coarse threatening sound in my ears like that of the clarionets whose sustained low notes darken the woodland in ‘Der Freischutz’. I found myself presently at the graveyard. It was a barren place, enclosed by a mud wall with a gate to admit funerals, and numerous gaps to admit the peasantry, who made short cuts across it as they went to and fro between Four Mile Water and the market town. The graves were mounds overgrown with grass: there was no keeper; nor were there flowers, railings or any of the conventionalities that make an English graveyard repulsive.

A great thorn bush, near what was called the grave of the holy sisters, was covered with scraps of cloth and flannel, attached by peasant women who had prayed before it. There were three kneeling there as I entered; for the reputation of the place had been revived of late by the miracle; and a ferry had been established close by, to conduct visitors over the route taken by the graveyard. From where I stood I could see on the opposite bank the heap of stones, perceptibly increased since my last visit, marking the deserted grave of Brimstone Billy. I strained my eyes broodingly at it for some minutes, and then descended the river bank and entered the boat.

‘Good evenin t’your honour,’ said the ferryman, and set to work to draw the boat hand over hand by a rope stretched across the water.

‘Good evening. Is your business beginning to fall off yet?’

‘Faith, it never was as good as it mightabeen. The people that comes from the south side can see Billy’s grave — Lord have mercy on him! — across the wather; and they think bad of payin’ a penny to put a stone over him. It’s them that lives towrst Dublin that makes the journey. Your honour is the third I’ve brought from south to north this blessed day.’

‘When do most people come? In the afternoon, I suppose?’

‘All hours, sur, except afther dusk. There isnt a sowl in the counthry ud come within sight of that grave wanst the sun goes down.

‘And you! do you stay here all night by yourself?’

‘The holy heavens forbid! Is it me stay here all night? No, your honour: I tether the boat at siven o’hlyock, and lave Brimstone Billy — God forgimme! — to take care of it t’ll mornin’.’

‘It will be stolen some night, I’m afraid.’

‘Arra, who’d dar come next or near it, let alone stale it? Faith, I’d think twice before lookin’ at it meself in the dark. God bless your honour, and gran’che long life.’

I had given him sixpence. I went to the reprobate’s grave and stood at the foot of it, looking at the sky, gorgeous with the descent of the sun. To my English eyes, accustomed to giant trees, broad lawns, and stately mansions, the landscape was wild and inhospitable. The ferryman was already tugging at the rope on his way back (I had told him I did not intend to return that way), and presently I saw him make the painter fast to the south bank; put on his coat; and trudge homeward. I turned towards the grave at my feet. Those who had interred Brimstone Billy, working hastily at an unlawful hour, and in fear of molestation by the people, had hardly dug a grave. They had scooped out earth enough to hide their burden, and no more. A stray goat had kicked away a corner of the mound and exposed the coffin. It occurred to me, as I took some of the stones from the cairn, and heaped them so as to repair the breach, that had the miracle been the work of a body of men, they would have moved the one grave instead of the many. Even from a supernatural point of view, it seemed strange that the sinner should have banished the elect, when, by their superior numbers, they might so much more easily have banished him.

It was almost dark when I left the spot. After a walk of half a mile, I recrossed the water by a bridge, and returned to the farmhouse in which I lodged. Here, finding that I had had enough of solitude, I only stayed to take a cup of tea. Then I went to Father Hickey’s cottage.

Kate was alone when I entered. She looked up quickly as I opened the door, and turned away disappointed when she recognised me.

‘Be generous for once,’ I said. ‘I have walked about aimlessly for hours in order to avoid spoiling the beautiful afternoon for you by my presence. When the sun was up I withdrew my shadow from your path. Now that darkness has fallen, shed some light on mine. May I stay half an hour?’

‘You may stay as long as you like, of course. My uncle will soon be home. He is clever enough to talk to you.’

‘What! More sarcasms! Come, Miss Hickey, help me to spend a pleasant evening. It will only cost you a smile. I am somewhat cast down. Four Mile Water is a paradise; but without you, it would be a little lonely.’

‘It must be very lonely for you. I wonder why you came here.’

‘Because I heard that the women here were all Zerlinas, like you, and the men Masettos, like Mr Phil — where are you going to?’

‘Let me pass, Mr Legge. I had intended never speaking to you again after the way you went on about Mr Langan today; and I wouldn’t either, only my uncle made me promise not to take any notice of you, because you were — no matter; but I won’t listen to you any more on the subject.’

‘Do not go. I swear never to mention his name again. I beg your pardon for what I said: You shall have no further cause for complaint. Will you forgive me?’.She sat down, evidently disappointed by my submission. I took a chair, and placed myself near her. She tapped the floor impatiently with her foot. I saw that there was not a movement I could make, not a look, not a tone of my voice, which did not irritate her.

‘You were remarking,’ I said, ‘that your uncle desired you to take no notice of me because —’

She closed her lips, and did not answer.

‘I fear I have offended you again by my curiosity. But indeed, I had no idea that he had forbidden you to tell me the reason.

‘He did not forbid me. Since you are so determined to find out —’

‘No: excuse me. I do not wish to know, I am sorry I asked.’

‘Indeed! Perhaps you would be sorrier still to be told. I only made a secret of it out of consideration for you.’

‘Then your uncle has spoken ill of me behind my back. If that be so, there is no such thing as a true man in Ireland. I would not have believed it on the word of any woman alive save yourself.’

‘I never said my uncle was a backbiter. Just to show you what he thinks of you, I will tell you, whether you want to know it or not, that he bid me not mind you because you were only a poor mad creature, sent down here by your family to be out of harm’s way.’

‘Oh, Miss Hickey!’

‘There now! you have got it Out of me; and I wish I had bit my tongue out first. I sometimes think — that I maytr’t sin! — that you have a bad angel in you.

‘I am glad you told me this,’ I said gently. ‘Do not reproach yourself for having done so, I beg.

Your uncle has been misled by what he has heard of my family, who are all more or less insane.

Far from being mad, I am actually the only rational man named Legge in the three kingdoms. I will prove this to you, and at the same time keep your indiscretion in countenance, by telling you something I ought not to tell you. It is this. I am not here as an invalid or a chance tourist. I am here to investigate the miracle. The Cardinal, a shrewd if somewhat erratic man, selected mine from all the long heads at his disposal to come down here, and find out the truth of Father Hickey’s story. Would he have entrusted such a task to a madman, think you?’

‘The truth of — who dared to doubt my uncle’s word? And so you are a spy, a dirty informer.’

I started. The adjective she had used, though probably the commonest expression of contempt in Ireland, is revolting to an Englishman.

‘Miss Hickey,’ I said: ‘there is in me, as you have said, a bad angel. Do not shock my good angel — who is a person of taste —— quite away from my heart, lest the other be left undisputed monarch of it. Hark! The chapel bell is ringing the angelus. Can you, with that sound softening the darkness of the village night, cherish a feeling of spite against one who admires you?’

‘You come between me and my prayers,’ she said hysterically, and began to sob. She had scarcely done so, when I heard voices without. Then Langan and the priest entered.

‘Oh, Phil,’ she cried, running to him, ‘take me away from him:

I can’t bear —’ I turned towards him, and showed him my dogtooth in a false smile. He felled me at one stroke, as he might have felled a poplar-tree.

‘Murdher!’ exclaimed the priest. ‘What are you doin’, Phil?’

‘He’s an informer,’ sobbed Kate. ‘He came down here to spy on you, uncle, and to try and show that the blessed miracle was a make-up. I knew it long before he told me, by his insulting ways. He wanted to make love to me.’

I rose with difficulty from beneath the table, where I had lain motionless for a moment.

‘Sir,’ I said, ‘I am somewhat dazed by the recent action of Mr Langan, whom I beg, the next time he converts himself into a fulling-mill, to do so at the expense of a man more nearly his equal in strength than I. What your niece has told you is partly true. I am indeed the Cardinal’s spy; and I have already reported to him that the miracle is a genuine one. A committee of gentlemen will wait on you tomorrow to verify it, at my suggestion. I have thought that the proof might be regarded by them as more complete if you were taken by surprise. Miss Hickey: that I admire all that is admirable in you is but to say that I have a sense of the beautiful. To say that I love you would be mere profanity. Mr Langan: I have in my pocket a loaded pistol, which I carry from a silly English prejudice against your countrymen. Had I been the Hercules of the ploughtail, and you in my place, I should have been a dead man now. Do not redden: you are safe as far as I am concerned.’

‘Let me tell you before you leave my house for good,’ said Father Hickey, who seemed to have become unreasonably angry, ‘that you should never have crossed my threshold if I had known you were a spy: no, not if your uncle were his Holiness the Pope himself.’

Here a frightful thing happened to me. I felt giddy, and put my hand to my head. Three warm drops trickled over it. Instantly I became murderous. My mouth filled with blood, my eyes were blinded with it; I seemed to drown in it. My hand went involuntarily to the pistol. It is my habit to obey my impulses instantaneously. Fortunately the impulse to kill vanished before a sudden perception of how I might miraculously humble the mad vanity in which these foolish people had turned upon me. The blood receded from my ears; and I again heard and saw distinctly.

‘And let me tell you,’ Langan was saying, ‘that if you think yourself handier with cold lead than you are with your fists, I’ll exchange shots with you, and welcome, whenever you please.

Father Tom’s credit is the same to me as my own; and if you say a word against it, you lie.’

‘His credit is in my hands,’ I said. ‘I am the Cardinal’s witness. Do you defy me?’

‘There is the door,’ said the priest, holding it open before me. ‘Until you can undo the visible work of God’s hand your testimony can do no harm to me.’

‘Father Hickey,’ I replied, ‘before the sun rises again upon Four Mile Water, I will undo the visible work of God’s hand, and bring the pointing finger of the scoffer upon your altar.’

I bowed to Kate, and walked out. It was so dark that I could not at first see the garden-gate.

Before I found it, I heard through the window Father Hickey’s voice, saying, ‘I wouldn’t for ten pound that this had happened, Phil. He’s as mad as a march hare. The Cardinal told me so.

I returned to my lodging, and took a cold bath to cleanse the blood from my neck and shoulder.

The effect of the blow I had received was so severe, that even after the bath and a light meal I felt giddy and languid. There was an alarm-clock on the mantelpiece: I wound it; set the alarm for half-past twelve; muffled it so that it should not disturb the people in the adjoining room; and went to bed, where I slept soundly for an hour and a quarter. Then the alarm roused me, and I sprang up before I was thoroughly awake. Had I hesitated, the desire to relapse into perfect sleep would have overpowered me. Although the muscles of my neck were painfully stiff, and my hands unsteady from my nervous disturbance, produced by the interruption of my first slumber, I dressed myself resolutely, and, after taking a draught of cold water, stole out of the house. It was exceedingly dark; and I had some difficulty in finding the cow-house, whence I borrowed a spade, and a truck with wheels, ordinarily used for moving sacks of potatoes. These I carried in my hands until I was beyond earshot of the house, when I put the spade on the truck, and wheeled it along the road to the cemetery. When I approached the water, knowing that no one would dare to come thereabout as such an hour, I made greater haste, no longer concerning myself about the rattling of the wheels. Looking across to the opposite bank, I could see a phosphorescent glow, marking the lonely grave of Brimstone Billy. This helped me to find the ferry station, where, after wandering a little and stumbling often, I found the boat, and embarked with my implements. Guided by the rope, I crossed the water without difficulty; landed; made fast the boat; dragged the truck up the bank; and sat down to rest on the cairn at the grave. For nearly a quarter of an hour I sat watching the patches of jack-o’-lantern fire, and collecting my strength for the work before me. Then the distant bell of the chapel clock tolled one. I rose; took the spade; and in about ten minutes uncovered the coffin, which smelt horribly. Keeping to windward of it, and using the spade as a lever, I contrived with great labour to place it on the truck. I wheeled it without accident to the landing-place, where, by placing the shafts of the truck upon the stern of the boat and lifting the foot by main strength, I succeeded in embarking my load after twenty minutes’ toil, during which I got covered with clay and perspiration, and several times all but upset the boat. At the southern bank I had less difficulty in getting truck and coffin ashore, and dragging them up to the graveyard.

It was now past two o’clock, and the dawn had begun; so that I had no further trouble from want of light. I wheeled the coffin to a patch of loamy soil which I had noticed in the afternoon near the grave of the holy sisters. I had warmed to my work; my neck no longer pained me; and I began to dig vigorously, soon making a shallow trench, deep enough to hide the coffin with the addition of a mound. The chill pearl-coloured morning had by this time quite dissipated the darkness. I could see, and was myself visible, for miles around. This alarmed me, and made me impatient to finish my task. Nevertheless, I was forced to rest for a moment before placing the coffin in the trench. I wiped my brow and wrists, and again looked about me. The tomb of the holy women, a massive slab supported on four stone spheres, was grey and wet with dew. Near it was the thornbush covered with rags, the newest of which were growing gaudy in the radiance which was stretching up from the coast on the east. It was time to finish my work. I seized the truck; laid it alongside the grave; and gradually prised the coffin off with the spade until it rolled over into the trench with a hollow sound like a drunken remonstrance from the sleeper within. I shovelled the earth round and over it, working as fast as possible. In less than a quarter of an hour it was buried. Ten minutes more sufficed to make the mound symmetrical, and to clear the traces of my work from the adjacent sward. Then I flung down the spade; threw up my arms; and vented a sigh of relief and triumph. But I recoiled as I saw that I was standing on a barren common, covered with furze. No product of man’s handiwork was near me except my truck and spade and the grave of Brimstone Billy, now as lonely as before. I turned towards the water. On the opposite bank was the cemetery, with the tomb of the holy women, the thornbush with its rags stirring in the morning breeze, and the broken mud wall. The ruined chapel was there too, not a stone shaken from its crumbling walls, not a sign to show that it and its precinct were less rooted in their place than the eternal hills around.

I looked down at the grave with a pang of compassion for the unfortunate Wolfe Tone Fitzgerald, with whom the blessed would not rest. I was even astonished, though I had worked expressly to this end. But the birds were astir, and the cocks crowing. My landlord was an early riser. I put the spade on the truck again, and hastened back to the farm, where I replaced them in the cow-house. Then I stole into the house, and took a clean pair of boots, an overcoat, and a silk hat. These, with a change of linen, were sufficient to make my appearance respectable. I went out again, bathed in the Four Mile Water, took a last look at the cemetery, and walked to Wicklow, whence I travelled by the first train to Dublin.

Some months later, at Cairo, I received a packet of Irish newspapers and a leading article, cut from The Times, on the subject of the miracle. Father Hickey had suffered the meed of his inhospitable conduct. The committee, arriving at Four Mile Water the day after I left, had found the graveyard exactly where it had formerly stood. Father Hickey, taken by surprise, had attempted to defend himself by a confused statement, which led the committee to declare finally that the miracle was a gross imposture. The Times, commenting on this after adducing a number of examples of priestly craft, remarked, ‘We are glad to learn that the Rev. Mr Hickey has been permanently relieved of his duties as the parish priest of Four Mile Water by his ecclesiastical superior. It is less gratifying to have to record that it has been found possible to obtain two hundred signatures to a memorial embodying the absurd defence offered to the committee, and expressing unabated confidence in the integrity of Mr Hickey.’