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John William Tuohy lives in Washington DC

John Tuohy's History of organized crime in Chicago (R)



Rainone Mario. Chicago Outfit Informer. Rainone, a professional debt collector, worked for gambler Lenny Patrick who, according to the FBI testified on Patrick behind closed doors although Rainone denied it. The official story was that Rainone became certain that the mob was going to kill him for a myriad of reasons and turned himself into the FBI. Rainone told the agents everything he knew but then he refused to testify in court, backing u what he had said in private.

Russell, David: Resided at 2714 Simpson Street Evanston. (Brother of Harry Russel) A handbook operator

Russell, Harry: Resided at 1285 Forest Glen Drive, Winnetka.  Tony Accardo was partners with Russel in several illegal casinos spread out across Chicago in the 1950s through the 1960s, including a massive handbook at 186 North Clark Street, Chicago which was run by Russell’s brother Dave. They also owned the Silver Bar at 400 South State Street, Chicago. In the late 1950s, Accardo allowed Russell to muscle his way into the S. & G. Syndicate in Miami Beach, Fla. He was also partner with Bernard Glickman in the Hickory House restaurant at 750 Rush Street.

Ragucci, Anthony: A long time Ricca Underboss who began with Capone. Ricca suspected Ragucci, who was in tax trouble, of cooperating with the Federal Government. Police found Ragucci shot to death on October 1 1953. He was face down in a sewer on 35th street. His brother identified him by his ring with the initials "AR" since the rest of his body was ravaged by the cold.

Russel Brothers: Harry and Dave were managing partners with Tony Accardo and Lawrence Imburgio in several massive casinos in Chicago in the 1940s and 1950s. Another partner included John Patrick Borcia, who gambled from Chicago to California where he operated the Primrose Bar in LA, a place renown for its criminal element. 

Robinson James: One of three major Black lieutenants under Ralph Pierce’s gambling empire in the 1950s

Rourke Lloyd: On Feburary 10, 1939, Rourke, a nonunion truck driver, pulled his truck into the parking lot of the Fairfax at 1639 Hyde Park Blvd. when two men, one of them probably being Murray Humpreys, rushed out of a nearby parked car, and beat Rourke to death with baseball bats. Rourke had contracts to take away dirty laundry from the Fairfax and the Del Prado hotel which were being picketed by striking members of the mob controlled laundry workers union.

R&S liquor store: In 1945, Sam Giancana, flush with cash from his various criminal investments, purchased this liquor store as well as real estate on the west side. He also purchased a stately yellow brick home on Winonah in Oak Park with a $32,000.00 down payment.

Ricci, Gaetano: AKA Tony Goebels 125 Ocean Parkway, Brooklyn, New York Born in Viesti, Italy January 1, 1893. Arrived in the United States in 1898 on the S. S. Trojan Prince and became a naturalized citizen in November 1944. A low key hoodlum who was one of the links between the New York and Chicago mobs. Ricci was arrested in Chicago in 1928 with Louis (Little New York) Campagna. In June of 1949 Ricci is thought to have exerted some influence in a reshuffling of the Chicago Vice operation on the near North Side. He was elevated to Capo status in the Luciano crime family in the 1930s.


Reactivation of the Capone Mob: In 1946, FBI chief J. Edgar Hoover opened the Reactivation of the Capone Mob unit which was to conduct special investigations. What the unit investigated or what provoked Hoover to open the unit remains unknown. It was closed down several months after it was started

Republic National Bank of Dallas: In 1957, the FBI learned that Sam Giancana owned, through his nephew James Perno, the controlling interest in the Bank with 81,657 shares of stock.

Rome Symphony Orchestra: Murray Humphreys daughter, Luwella, played piano with the Rome Symphony Orchestra in the late 1950s. Humphreys never heard her play since he was afraid that if he traveled out of the United States, the federal government would figure out a way to keep him from returning. Being a high profile gangster’s daughter had been difficult for her. It was not unusual for police to come to her exclusive school and pull her out of class to ask her about her father’s whereabouts. To make her life more enjoyable, Humphreys once brought in Frank Sinatra to sing at her high school “He was” she said of Sinatra “very thin then and good looking and very nice"

Rust, John: Mayor of Willow Springs Ill. On orders from Sam Giancana, Rust hired Mike Corbitt, a mob associate, to the Willow Spring police department. Corbitt eventually became chief of the department.  


Rocco, Joseph  AKA Jose Body for Sam Battaglia 

John Tuohy's history of organized crime in Chicago (Q)



Quattrochi, Frank: Born 1905. A small time gambler shot, former bootlegger and body guard to Potatoes Kaufman killed by Marshal Caifano outside a restaurant, Burkeys Tavern,  at 34 South Clark Street on January 5, 1946. Apparently Quattrochi was dating the wife of the tavern owner, a man named Frank Yarlo. The wife, Sonya, admitted to the affair. Quattrochi was shot as he left the tavern in the company of gangsters Paul Labriola And Izzy Lazzarus.   Police hauled in Nick DeJohn and Martin the Ox Ochs in connection with the murder.


Quilici, George Lancelot: A Chicago Municipal Judge. A former vote fraud prosecutor and union lawyer. On June 23, 1951, Tony Accardo was arrested and locked up for questioning in the murder of Fat Lenny Caifano. When Accardo found out that he would be held overnight because a judge could not be found to sign his release, he called his lawyer, George Callahan, and instructed Callahan to come to the station with judge Quilici in tow and have him sign his release from jail on a bond. And that’s exactly what Quilici did.  

Robert Emmet stands in Triangle Park



A statue of the Irish hero Robert Emmet stands in Triangle Park at Massachusetts Ave, 24nd Street, and S Streets, NW. Jerome Connor, a DC Irishman who cast the statue at the Washington navy yard, sculpted it, it was the first statue to be cast in the District of Columbia.

After its unveiling the bronze statue, standing 7-feet tall, was placed in the rotunda of the Museum of Natural History until 1964 when it was taken down and placed in storage. In 1966, the statue was taken out of storage and placed in Triangle Park.
 Robert Emmet, at the age of 25, led rebellion against British rule in 1803 and was captured, tried and executed. The English, being the English, then beheaded him. Since various members of his family were arrested simply for being related to the young man, no one claimed his body.

His last words were “I have but a few more words to say — I am going to my cold and silent grave — my lamp of life is nearly extinguished — I have parted with everything that is dear to me in this life, for my country’s cause; with the idol of my soul, the object of my affections. My race is run, the grave opens to receive me, and I sink into its bosom. I have but one request to make, at my departure from this world– it is the charity of its silence. Let no man write my epitaph: for as no man, who knows my motives, dare now vindicate them, let not prejudice nor ignorance asperse them. Let them rest in obscurity and peace. Let my memory be left in oblivion, and my tomb remain uninscribed until other times and other men can do justice to my character; when my country takes her place among the nations of the earth, then, and not until then, let my epitaph be written. I am done.”


Robert Emmet's older brother, Thomas, immigrated to the United States after Robert's execution and would eventually serve as the New York States Attorney General. 

The Washington Arsenal Explosion



The Washington Arsenal was located where Fort Lesley McNair sits today, its first earth works being built there in 1791 and an arsenal opening along the same 28-acre location in 1801.  Intended to be a major defense point for the city, the fort was abandoned by American troops during the British invasion of Washington in 1814. 

Federal troops took as much gunpowder as they could carry from the arsenal and hid the rest left at the fort inside a well.

An accidental explosion killed and wounded about 45 British soldiers when a spark ignited an open barrel of black powder. A doctor on the scene reported ‘A tremendous explosion ensued whereby the officers and about 30 of the men were killed and the rest most shockingly mangled.” On their way out of the city, the English destroyed the arsenal buildings, which were rebuilt a few years after the war ended.

In 1826, the government purchased the land north of the arsenal buildings for the first federal penitentiary. (This was the site where the Lincoln conspirators were hung in 1865)
The Washington Arsenal was the largest of all Federal arsenals where the union army built and stored thousands of caissons and limbers, wagons and ambulances, cannon balls and mortar shells. The Arsenal employed hundreds of women who, by June of 1864, a year before the Civil War would end, were producing 120,000 cartridges per day.

 The workers were mostly young and very poor Irish women and teenage girls, often from the same families. The young girls were in demand at the facility because their small, slender fingers were better suited to pack the cartridges. Not only was the building dangerous...the gunpowder was volatile and scared about the property but the working conditions were dreadful.

On the morning of June 17, 1864, a spark ignited a massive explosion in one of the buildings in the complex. The noise from explosion was deafening and witnesses said they felt the earth shake under their feet.  The women rushed to the central door to escape causing a logjam.

 Some women were saved due to the heroism of Storekeeper E.M. Stebbins and officers and soldiers of the 16th and 19th US Infantry Regiments. However, 21 girls weren’t saved and their deaths were brutal and horrific.

The explosion ripped off limbs and riddled bodies with bits of black metal.  Mary Jane Black, an arsenal worker said “two girls behind me; they were on fire; their faces were burning and blood running from them. I pulled the clothes off one of them; while I was doing this, the other one ran up and begged me to cover her. I did not succeed in saving either one.”
The victims were mostly (But not exclusively) Irish-Americans including Melissa Adams, Emma J. Baird, Lizzie Brahler, Kate Branahan,  Elizabeth Brannagan, Mary Burroughs, Emily Collins, Susan Harris, Eliza Lacy, Louisa Lloyd, Julia McEwen,  Ellen Roche, Pinkey Scott,  Mrs. W. E. Tippett and Maggie Yonson, Annie Roche, Sallie McElfresh,   Johannah Connor, Bridget Dunn, Catherine Horan and Catherine Hull.

Strangly enough, there was a similar explosion at a Confederate arsenal in Richmond, and again, the victims were mostly young Irish girls desperate for work.

The funeral procession to from the Arsenal site to Congressional cemetery three days after the explosion, contained 150 carriages and stretched for more than a mile with  President Lincoln and Secretary of War Edwin Stanton leading the procession.

 Some of the girls were buried in a mass grave at Congressional cemetery (Johanna Connors, Bridget Dunn, Margaret Horan, and Rebeca Hull were buried at the Mt. Olivet Cemetery in a Roman Catholic ceremony.  Maggie Yonson, Annie Roche and Sallie McElfresh were buried in family plots.).

The War Department paid all fees for funerals.  Secretary Stanton notified the Commandant of the Arsenal that "You will not spare any means to express the respect and sympathy of the government for the deceased and their surviving friends." Still, a grief-stricken city collected $3,000 (At the time, a respectable middle class income was about $300 a year) to build a tall marble monument with a granite base which was carved by an Irish-American (Not Irish as is often reported) sculptor, Lot Flannery.

 The Flannery brothers owned a marble stone business in town and Lot Flannery (1836 probably 1848-1922) worked on the creation of interior of the US Capitol building and created the marble statue of Lincoln that stands in Judiciary Square. Flannery claimed he knew Lincoln and was present at the theatre when Lincoln was assassinated.

 The Washington Arsenal was closed in 1881 and the post was handed over to the Quartermaster Corps who renamed it The Washington Barracks. From 1898 until 1909, an army hospital was run on the site. It was here that Major Walter Reed researched his work on malaria. He died of peritonitis after an appendectomy at the post in 1902. In 1948, the post was renamed in honor of Lt. General Lesley J. McNair.


In September of 1910, sculptor Lot Flannery, who seemed to have a penchant for legal troubles, shot and wounded “a young negro man” named Jake Owens, who broke into Flannery’s studio/home/office (His firm was called Flannery & Phillipson)  at Delaware and B streets SW. Flannery, 62 years old and a bachelor, fired five shot, hitting Owens with the sixth shot that passed through his back near the spine, the bullet exiting through his left ribs, managed to run to Second and Canal streets before he collapsed and was arrested. Owens later disappeared from his bed at the Eastern Dispensary and Casualty Hospital at B and 3rd Streets SE

John Tuohy's History of organized crime in Chicago (P)


                                                      

Pegler, Westbrooke: A very powerful newspaper columnist in the 1940s, Paul Ricca ordered his death for the stories he'd written on Ricca. It was an unusual move for the cool tempered Ricca. Accardo talked him out of it.

Pineapple gang: A mob made bomb was sometimes called a pineapple.  In 1928 and 1929, 232 bombs were exploded in the war for control of the Chicago teamster, Sam Hunt, Red barker and Murray Humpreys were suspect in most cases. 

Peick Louis:  The office manager for local 705 AFL truck drivers oil driver’s filling station and platform workers the largest and richest local within the teamsters with $12 million treasury and 12,000 members. Peick had a reputation as a two fisted fighter who refused to give into the mob. On June 1, 1950, he was driving home to 3305 Fullerton Avenue when he was pulled over beaten with a baseball bat and shot through the hand lower right through and head

Pensioned: In October of 1953, Giancana, Marshal Caifano meet with Ricca and Accardo in Miami Beach to discuss the Outfit’s future. It was agreed  that older members of the outfit would pensioned off rather then simply cut out of the underworld, therefore, buying their cooperation and silence. In 1970, the pension system was still in place because the FBI recorded elderly members of the New Jersey mob complaining that they had no back up system to retire with as they did in Chicago.  

Phoenix, Arizona Chuckie English, Sam Giancana’s top aide, died with vast interests in the Phoenix area, real estate and construction
Patton, Johnny: The so-called “Boy mayor” of the tiny village (less then one square mile) of Burnham, Illinois, a Chicago suburb. He was elected to the office, with considerable help from Johnny Torrio, at age twenty. In 1919, Torrio opened one of his first suburban brothels in the town. In 1919 Patton received $100,000 in stolen property government property that had been cosigned to the troops serving in France. The loot was removed from the boxcars in the Calumet district station in broad daylight. Patton’s name appeared as one of the stock-holders of  various Mafia scams, mostly race tracks until 1941, when he was believed to have retired to Florida and started to dabble I the race track business. His stock in various Mob enterprises was carried on in his son James name.
Paddock Lounge: An all night Chicago club active in the 1930s. Dago Mangano was a regular customer.

Potenza, Thomas AKA Tom AKA The Parrot Born 1918. 4640 North Drake Ave. The brother of Rocco the Parrot Potenza. A gambler with deep connections in the Outfit. In the 1960s he operated the Rivera Restaurant at 6540 Milwaukee Ave (On November 11, 1962 it was raided for operating as a casino) 

Potenza Rocco: AKA The Parrot.  Resided at 8847 North Kildare Ave. Skokie. Crime boss of the North Suburbs who rose up the ranks thanks to his friendship with Sam Giancana. In the late 1960s he was the hidden owner of Plaza Liquers in Rosemont although the owner on record was his wife, Rose. Potenza claimed he worked in the store as clerk for $150.00 a week. The store was located in a multi million dollar plaza developed by Sam Giancana’s half brother, Charles. Cook County police suspected that Potenza was also the secret owner of other Rosemont investments such as the Taste Of Honey Lounge at 9463 Taste of Honey Lounge, The Fools Rush Inn at 6150 River Road and the Shady Rest Inn at 9415 Higgins Road. Potenza was questioned in the murder of Leon Marcus.

Pad: For law enforcement during prohibition, “Going on the pad” meant taking bribes from bootleggers. The term arose from the note pad that the bootleggers accountant, or pay off person, carried with them to write down the names of the officers who would take money to look the other way.   Federal prohibition agents, on salaries averaging less than three thousand dollars a year, bought country homes, town houses, city and suburban real estate, speedboats, expensive automobiles, furs, and jewelry. Several owned horse farms. Many reported for work in chauffeur-driven cars. "I don’t know of anyone," said the superintendent of the New Jersey Anti-Saloon League, "who can make a dollar go further than policemen and dry agents. By frugality, after a year in the service, they acquire automobiles and diamonds."
 Local police officers did well, too. In Philadelphia, police inspectors made $3,000 to $4,000 a year; captains from $2,500 to $3,000. "One inspector had $193,533.22 in his bank account, another had $102,829.45, and a third had $40,412.75. One police captain had accumulated a nest egg of $133,845.86, and nine had bank accounts ranging from $14,607.44 to $68,905.89.

Palm Island Florida:  In 1928, Capone purchased a 14-room, two-story, white-stucco, Spanish-style home that was, ironically, built for beer brewing magnate Clarence M. Busch of St. Louis. The mansion was located on Palm Island, a part of Miami Beach. Capone spent an additional $100,000 on home improvements, including the construction of a swimming pool.

The Palm Tavern: A South gambler hang out in the 1930s-1940s

The Panama: A popular Black night spot on the South side in the 1930s 

Pierce, Ralph: Born 1900. One of Murray Humphreys men, and a trusted bodyguard, he was arrested at least 100 times but never convicted. At age ten, Pierce shot and killed his 14 years old cousin while the boys were playing cowboys and Indians. According to reports, Pierce put the gun to his cousins temple and fired off a round, killing him instantly. Pierce said it was an accident. No charges were field. During the 1928 elections, Pierce operated a Capone jail house at 1352 South Peoria Street where political opponents and their supporters were held until after the polls closed. He that one election day he was named in indictments for one robbery, five assaults and five kidnappings. 
  The dapper and flashy Pierce was indicted in the Bioff movie scandal in the 1940s, although he was later acquitted of all charges brought against him.  Piece was arrested in connection to a 1929 kidnapping, but the charges were dropped without reason. In 1935, , he was arrested as the probable killer of motion-pictures operators' union Tommy Malloy and as one of the murderers in the gruesome killing of Estelle Carey in 1943. In both cases, the charges were dropped due to lack of evidence. Two years after he was suspected of hacking Estelle Cary to death (Marshal Caifano was also questioned in the murder) Pierce was arrested in 1945 while running the mobs operations along Roosevelt Road for questioning in connection with the murder of James "Red" Forsythe, a long time underworld hoodlum. In the late 1940s, he was a co-investor with Sam "Golf Bag" Hunt in a series of floating casinos across the south side. Pierce was technically employed by Laborers Local 714 although he was the virtual boss over the South side rackets in the 1950s, meaning he earned millions of dollars each year. He kept close contact to John D'Arco and Pat Marcy, the First Ward "fixers" with the ability to influence the outcome of murder cases for the right price and was well liked by Sam Giancana when Giancana was boss. At the heyday of the Outfits involvement in Las Vegas, through his connection with his direct boss, Murry Humphreys, Pierce was known as the man to see for “Comps” by hoods traveling to Vegas on vacation.  In 1971, Ross DiMauro was a high-volume bookmaker who also dabbled in real estate. received a three-year prison term for criminal contempt of court after refusing to answer questions of a federal grand jury concerning his dealing with Pierce. In 1975, Piece, then 75 years old, was still the gambling boss of the Loop until that, as well as his gambling empire on the south side, were taken over by Black street gangs. Pierce died on July 8 1974 of a heart attack.
Pape, Anthony: A member of the 42 gang and brother of Joe Pape, in 1931, he shot and killed police officer Caplis during a cafĂ© robbery. He was captured and sent to Joliet state prison. 
Pape, Joseph: 912 South Marshfield Avenue. A member of the 42 gang with a record for rape, murder and robbery, who was shot dead on January 26, 1933, by a restaurant owner named Joe Tuso whom Pape tried to extort $5 from “To get a pal out of jail” When asked if Tuso would be arrested, a local cop from the Maxwell Street Station replied “Certainly not. He did a good job. That fellow Pape should have been shot long ago”      
Public Enemies: In March of 1930, Frank J. Loesch, the head of the Chicago Crime Commission, put together a Public Enemies list. At the top of the list was Al Capone, followed by Ralph Capone, Frank Rio, Jack McGurn, and Jack Guzik, and others. The list was publicized across the world and as a result was quickly adapted by J. Edgar Hoover as the FBI's list of the "Ten Most Wanted" criminals, which survives today. As far as Capone reaction to making the list, he was outraged. He saw himself, or at least wish the public to see him, as a benefactor to the community.

Premium Beer Company: In September of 1960, Chicago Tony Accardo stopped reporting his income from illegal activities on his income tax and instead said that he was making $65,000.00 a year as a salesman for Premium Beer Company which had its strongest outlets on Chicago's west side. When asked to prove his income by the IRS Accardo provided weekly pay stubs. He deducted almost $4,000 in expenses from his fire engine red Mercedes Benz coupe, because, he claimed, that he used the car to peddle his wares The FBI could not find a single customer who had purchased beer from Accardo and Ogilivi was able to obtain a grand jury indictment in 1960 charging Accardo with making false deductions on his income tax The government knew it had a weak case the first trial opened on September 12 1960. Accardo's employers said that Accardo did nothing for the firm the IRS was unable to show that it had sent Accardo a certified letter warning him to keep better track of his income because the entire file had been stolen the government showed that between 1940-1955 Accardo income was 1,155,584 which Ogilvy argued was all from gambling  Thomas Letchos owner of a steakhouse and Joseph Nicoletti a fat tavern owner said that Accardo sold them all of their beer they were both later indicted and convicted of perjury

Pyle, Lou Palmer: Accardo’s son-in-law, was, in 1963, recorded by the FBI Pressuring politician Pat Marcy to put him on an insurance company payroll at $400 a week. Remarkably Marcy held out and offered him only $200 a week.

Peskin, Joe: Resided at 1506 East 67th Street. AKA Sugar (A nick name for a pimp) A hood who started in the mob under Johnny Torrio. In 1931 he was indicted for selling more than $1 million worth of corn sugar to alky cookers on the south side from his wholesale grocery business at 4446 South State Street. He was a leading juke-box distributor in Chicago with outlets in Kansas City and Detroit which he ran through a front called The Universal Automatic Music Corporation. On September 23, 1941, Peskin was indicted for severely beating (with a baseball bat) Lionel Nathan, one of his former employees, in front of Nathan’s home at 2737 Clyde Ave. The attackers also fired a shot at Nathan’s father as he ran to help his son. Nathan and another of Peskin’s former employees, Albert Chapman, opened their own Juke Box distribution company and took away several of Peskin’s customers.  Nathan was in a comma for three months because of the beating. Peskin denied he had anything to do with the beating telling the court “Look Judge, if I had anything to do with this I would tell you. This thing is bad publicity for the industry and for me. However, I want you to know these men took fifty spots away from me and I got them all back” When the mob kidnapped Black rackets boss Edward P. Jones in  May of 1946, it was widely assumed that Peskin was a major factor behind the crime. Jones had just invested $100,000 in Juke Boxes that he intended to distribute across Bronzeville, an area controlled by Peskin’s Juke Box rackets.  In August of  1961, the mob decided it wanted Peskin out of the way and made three attempts to kill him with bombs (each failed to go off) and sent a crew to his home beat him with baseball bats.  

 Pilotto, Arthur B: Brother of boss. Born 1916. 237 Chestnut Street. South Chicago Heights. Brother of gangster Al Pilotto (Boss of the Hod Carriers Union), Arthur was arrested for gambling during an August 3, 1971 raid by State Police. His brother Henry was chief of police of Chicago Heights in the 1970s.   

Perotti, Anthony: Once a member of the Capone mob, he survived into the 1960s as a juke box king in the suburbs working under Chuckie English in the Valley Music Company, the front used by English to take over the Juke Box business in Kane, Lake, Will and DuPage Counties.

Podolsky, Max: Born 1900. Known for decades as an enforcer for Joey Glimco in the juke box racket. Officially, Podolsky was an organizer for the egg handlers union local 663. He was indicted for attempted extortion in 1957 of Kraft foods, but the federal government later dropped the case for lack of evidence after their witnesses refused to appear in court. Podolsky had a police record dating back to 1921. However that record disappeared from police files several days after it was requested by the Kefauver Committee. 


Pritchard, Walter Dewey: 3930 North Pine Grove Ave. A private detective and body guard to Manny Skar. He had a record for gambling, grand theft auto, mail fraud and tax evasion.  In March of 1981, he was captured with an assortment of handcuffs, ski masks, three guns and silencers.  

John Tuohy's history of organized crime in Chicago (o)

                                      


Oliver Mike: AKA Mark A member of the Gerry Scarpelli crew. Oliver ran shakedowns of porno book store operators in the western suburbs. He was murdered for reasons unknown in 1979. His body was found in 1988 in a mob graveyard in suburban Downers Grove Illinois. Buried with him was Bobby Hatridge, another associate of Gerry Scarpelli.

O’Malley, Austin: 5801 North Kenneth Ave. Worked as an operator for Continental Press

Old Bridge Inn: A speakeasy in Morton Grove, it also operated on the names The Russian Village and the Golden Gate. It was located on the corner of Railroad Ave. and Dempster Street.

Officer Friendly: A name given to a policeman who tipped Joe Ferriola Crew off on police raids. It’s widely assumed that Ferriola lied about this and no such person existed. The purpose was to cause paranoia within the FBI.

Outfit: A name used for the Chicago's mob organization.

One Way Ride: At the height of the prohibition, Hollywood churned out dozens of films about gangsters and in several of these films the term “One way ride” was used and eventually became part of the popular jargon.  The term originated in Chicago 
   During the great Chicago Beer wars, on December 1, 1923 at around 1:30 a.m. two beer trucks belonging to the O'Donnell Brothers were on their way from a Joliet brewery to Chicago. The trucks were stopped at the village of Lemont by two sedans that pulled alongside and forced the trucks off the road. Two Capone hood’s, Charlie McErlane and William Channell, a convicted killer on parole, ordered the truck drivers, William "Shorty" Egan and Thomas "Morrie" Keane out onto the road. They were then bound and thrown into the back seat of the car which sped off Shorty Eagan, one of the few men who ever survived a one way ride reported what had next.
    "Pretty soon the driver asks the guy with the shotgun, 'Where you gonna get rid of these guys?' The fat fellow laughs and says, 'I'll take care of that in a minute.' Then he says ‘We’ll take him on a one way ride’   He was monkeying with his shotgun all the time. Pretty soon he turns around and points the gun at Keane. He didn't say a word but just let go straight at him. Keane got it square on the left side. It kind of turned him over and the fat guy give him the second barrel in the other side.   The guy loads up his gun and gives it to Keane again. Then he turns to me and says, 'I guess you might as well get yours too.' With that he shoots me in the side. It hurt like hell so when I seen him loading up again, I twist around so it won't hurt me in the same place. This time he got me in the leg. Then he gimme the other barrel right on the puss. I slide off the seat. But I guess the fat guy wasn't sure we was through.   He let Morrie have it twice more and then let me have it again in the other side. The fat guy scrambled into the rear seat and grabbed Keane. He opens the door and kicks Morrie out onto the road. We was doing 50 from the sound.   I figure I'm next so when he drags me over to the door I set myself to jump. He shoves and I light in the ditch by the road. I hit the ground on my shoulders and I thought I would never stop rolling. I lost consciousness. When my senses came back, I was lying in a pool of water and ice had formed around me. The sky was red and it was breaking day. I staggered along the road until I saw a light in a farmhouse..." 
    Egan identified Channell through a mug shot and McErlane was identified by a parking lot attendant. The state's attorney arrested McErlane, held him for a while in the Hotel Sherman, then released him and the case fell from the docket.

Out call: From about 1870 until the onset of the great depression, Chicago underworld was a center for prostitution. In the early 1940s, under the direction of the Fischetti  Brothers and with the approval of Boss Frank Nitti, the Chicago Outfit forged the way for “Out call” prostitution services, wherein, customers no longer ventured to a brothel for service, rather a phone call sent the women to the customers location. The Chicago mob also led the way in sending western women to Japan to serve as prostitutes there.

Oil: In the 1940s and 1950s, the mob sunk small fortunes of their cash into oil investments within the United States. Pat Manno (4416 South Greenwood Ave)  invested $55,000 in an oil drilling firm in Wyoming. Joe Fusco, and Rocco DeStefano, (8000 Langley  Ave and 4901 Federal Ave) together with several hood from St. Louis, including Louis Calcaterra, Thomas Hynes invested in Texas oil and New York’s Frank Costello, invested over $40,000 in a Texas oil company, with Frank Erickson and George Uffner. Other noted investors in the industry included Carlos Marcello, Joe Poretto, and Moe Dalitz.


John Tuohy's history of Chicago organized crime (N)

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Nitti, Frank: AKA Nitto Born in Italy. January 27, 1888 Died 1943 Mob leader. Arrived in the United States 1891.  Frank Nitti was a small built, pensive little man with ulcers and a nervous twitch. He was born in Agri, outside Palermo, in Italy, but avoided discussing his Sicilian background, always calling himself an Italian instead. Nitti had gotten a full formal education in Italy before coming to the United States that gave him a working knowledge of advanced chemistry and he was also said to be a talented watchmaker.
Arriving at Chicago’s enormous Italian ghettos by way of New York, Nitti worked as a barber in the city’s immense Italian community. To earn extra cash, he turned to fencing stolen gems brought to him by his lifelong friend Louis Greenberg. It was Greenberg who introduced Nitti to an up and coming gangster, also from New York, named Al Capone.
The newspapers referred to Nitti as “The Enforcer” but for those who knew the real story, the nickname was almost comical. In fact, as far as anyone knows, Nitti never killed anyone. He made his way up through the ranks of the syndicate because he was smart and cunning.   While it was true that he would easily order a beating or an execution by the gangster squads he controlled, syndicate leaders rightly considered Nitti a nervous, jumpy, high-strung man, better suited, as Paul Ricca once said, to be the barber-fence he started as.   Unlike Capone, Nitti was a hardheaded businessman who kept his emotions intact and stayed at his desk from dawn to dusk. Nitti had few of the vices that burdened Capone’s life. He didn’t gamble, snort coke, drink or keep girlfriends.
He had no friends among “The boys,” in fact the boys, the gangsters who made up the organization, had nothing but contempt for Nitti. Nitti wasn’t popular because he was smarter, in every sense, then most of the men in the syndicate. He was bettering educated and more refined as well.   Unlike Capone he was a colorless, dull and humorless man, a stickler for details who spoke with a condescending precise diction that gave off a cold attitude toward his subordinates whom he so openly despised.
He was not a man prone to make mistakes or to leap into a project before he understood it. Nitti did research on the crimes he intended to commit. He clipped newspaper articles about the subject and studied them for clues. In the case of the Balaban brother’s extortion in 1934, Nitti scoured the financial sheets on the brothers’ business and, according to Johnny Roselli and Sam Giancana; it was Nitti who planned the successful St. Valentine’s Day massacre down to the last bloody detail.  Nitti had done his time behind bars, having been caught up in the federal government’s massive efforts to bust up the Capone mob.
On March 24, 1930, Treasury agents formally charged and then arrested Frank Nitti with the crime of failure to pay his income taxes on an estimated $ 747,887.00 in income. The government claimed that Nitti spent $ 624,888.00 during 1925, 1926, and 1927 and it was their contention that since Nitti spent the money, he must have had the income to generate it and therefore he should have paid $ 227,940 in income tax on that income.   Capone tried to put in the fix for Nitti, but Congressman Billy Parrillo, Capone’s personal representative in Washington, reported that nobody in the Capitol was interest in taking fix money to save Nitti from jail. The highest levels of federal government wanted Capone and his organization done away with and no one was going to get in the middle of that.
In November 1930, Nitti’s case was heard in federal court. The enforcer pleaded guilty and paid a $ 10,000 fine, which is what Nitti had agreed to in a plea bargain before sentencing. However, in a surprise move, at least to Nitti, he was sentenced to 18 months at Leavenworth. He would serve most of the term but got several months off for good behavior.
It was a witch-hunt inspired by distrust, fueled by outrage and conducted by Midwestern blue bloods that were determined to find Nitti guilty of something. It was, as Capone said, “Open season on us wops.” Nitti’s army of high-priced lawyers had tried to pay his taxes but the amount owed was never made clear to them because the indictment against Nitti was so vague as to be almost generic.
Nitti, who was terrified of jail, offered to pay double what he thought the government said he owed but they turned him down. No matter what Nitti said or did, he was going to jail. It was a railroad job, a miscarriage of justice perhaps, but the American people had grown tired of watching hoodlums like Nitti shoot up their streets and grow rich from it and they wanted them in jail.
Frank Nitti would draw the Chicago Mob closer. Under his reign, it would become smaller and more tightly structured and profitable, and, as a result, better able to provide an income for its members. The federal government’s attacks on Capone’s syndicate had left it badly decimated and Nitti, by way of attrition, was its new leader.
Nitti won the bloody labor wars of 1932-33 for the Chicago Mob and oversaw the gang’s takeover of the Hollywood studios in the late 1930s.
There were setbacks for Nitti, however.  Mayor Anton Cermak and two other non-syndicate hoods, Teddy Newberry, (AKA Edward Morrison)  a wild card independent, and Roger Touhy, leader of a band of suburban bootleggers and mail robbers, entered a war with Nitti for control of the city’s labor unions.
In 1932, they decided to end the war early by shooting Nitti to death. At about 10:00 in the morning on December 20, 1932, two members of Cermak’s special squad, Miller and Lange, were called to Cermak’s office where he handed them a slip of paper with Frank Nitti’s name and office address. The two officers went to the massive office building and took the elevator to the fifth floor, room 554, where Nitti kept a cramped three-room office.
Nitti was furious, not at the raid; he was used to that, but for being interrupted in mid-sentence. He had grown that arrogant since Capone was gone. Miller and Lange ordered all the men in the room to turn and face the wall, their hands raised over their heads.
A uniformed officer named Callahan, who was recruited by Miller and Lange outside the building just before the raid, recalled: “Miller or Lange said ‘We better frisk them’ so I searched Nitti first and then Miller frisked him again, which I didn’t like at all. I saw that Nitti had a slip of paper in his mouth. I told him to spit it out. He didn’t, so somebody punched him in the stomach and then I took the paper out of his mouth for him. “Lange then brought Nitti into another room and searched him again. Then he brought him back out and pushed him to me and said, “Where did he get that paper from? Frisk him again.’
“Then Lange told Nitti to turn around and face the wall like the others, when he did, Lange grabbed Nitti’s wrists. When I bent down to grab Nitti’s ankles and Lange fired five shot into Nitti. I leaped back.
“Lange still had Nitti by the wrists. Nitti staggered toward the door and then he stopped and looked at Lange and he said, ‘What’s this for?’ and Lange shot him again. Then Lange walked to an anteroom and fired a single shot. When he came back out he was shot through the hand.” [1]
Nitti looked up at the officers and said, “Oh God, save me! Save me this time, God.[2]” He had been shot in the neck, back leg and groin. He was taken to Bridewell Hospital where his father-in-law, Dr. Gaetano Rango, was called into care for him. After several hours, Dr. Rango emerged from the operating room to announce that Frank Nitti would probably die before the night was over.
But Nitti lived, one of the many mistakes that the Cermak forces made in shooting him. Within months, Tony Cermak was gunned down in Florida, Newberry ended face down in a mud puddle in Ohio and Roger Touhy was framed on a trumped up kidnapping charge.
Later that year, Nitti led the Chicago mob, with fractions of the New York Families, in an ill-fated attempt to extort millions of dollars from the Hollywood studios.
When the coup failed, Paul Ricca told Nitti that since Nitti had dragged the Outfit into the mess with his expansionist dreams, he was going to have to “take the dive on this one” [3]
Nitti was terrified of going to jail. He had a phobia about it. 
At age 59, Nitti’s life was a mess. He was clinically depressed. His wife, Anne, a plain and innocent women, had died in 1940 and Nitti never seemed to recover from the blow. He wore black almost every day for the little time he had left on this earth. True, he had remarried the former secretary to Ed O’Hara, the gambler who had turned evidence against Capone during his tax trial, but it was an unhappy marriage.
The day before the indictments from the Hollywood extortion mess were handed down, Nitti called a meeting at his house. But, before Nitti could call the room to order, Paul Ricca took the floor and said, “Frank, you brought Browne and Bioff and us into this thing, you masterminded it, and now it’s gone bad.” [4]
Ricca told him he would have to take the fall for all of them and go to jail since the Federal government wanted a big name.
Nitti started quoting law to him as to why he could not take the fall alone. Ricca lost his temper and started screaming at Nitti who in turn lost his temper. Both were screaming, until Ricca ended it by saying, “You better watch it Frank, you’re asking for it.”
At that point Nitti realized that he no longer was in charge of the mob. Silently, he walked to the front door and held it open for them to leave his house. Later that evening, Tony Accardo, then just a mere Capo, called Nitti and told him that he and Ricca wanted to meet him the next night in the loop.
On the day Nitti was scheduled to meet Ricca and Accardo to discuss the pending indictments, Nitti began drinking at lunch and by the time of the meeting a few hours later, he was drunk and incoherent.
He had reason to drink. He had been stealing money from the extorted cash taken from the Hollywood moguls, a fact which was sure to come out during the upcoming trials. When it did, he was a dead man.   Disgusted, Ricca called an end to the meeting and stormed out of the restaurant, leaving Nitti there to drink some more.
Later that evening, Frank Nitti was seen staggering across a vacant lot on the South side. Some railroad workers who watched him saw him stagger badly and then fall to the ground near a fence. The engineer and firemen of a freight train watched Nitti weave down the middle of a track, a bottle in one hand, and a pistol in the other. He aimed the gun at his head, pulled the trigger twice but only managed to shoot a hole in his brown fedora. The third shot went into his left temple, the bullet exiting through his right ear.
Nixon, Richard: While it was widely rumored that the Chicago Mob tossed its power behind the election of John F. Kennedy, it is less well known that when Richard Nixon was elected President, he ordered his Justice Department to crack down on the Chicago mob and smash their power before the 1972 national election. As a result, by 1971 virtually every boss in the Chicago mob was under indictment for back taxes including Accardo.





[1]  Bioff testimony before the House Congressional Committee
[2]  Chicago Tribune
[3]  Chicago Crime Commission
[4]  Bioff testimony before the House Subcommittee 



Neri Henry: In 1971 the FBI nailed Henry Neri, the mayor of Northlake Illinois, for trying to extort $70,000 out of a contractor who had built some apartments in Northlake. Judge Julius Hoffman convicted Neri, as well as  "Joe Shine" Amabile, former Alderman Joe Drozd and Alderman Leo Shababy, calling them "sickening spectacle" and gave them each 12 years, but his decision was over turned by US Circuit court judge Otto Kerner, the former Illinois Governor and United States Attorney. Joining him in the opinion were Judges Walter Cummings and Elmer Schnackenberg. They reversed Hoffman on the grounds that he had refused to ask the jurors if they had read newspaper articles about the defendants before the trial. Neri, Palermo and Shababy were tried again and this time entered guilty please before the trial. It was the governments first stand against mob control of the Chicago circuit courts and gave backing to brave men like Hoffman who would stand up to the mob.

Nest: In the late 1950s, The Nest was a Mafia connected jazz bar in the 3800 block of North Central in Chicago.

Night of the Stars: An annual bash sponsored by the Italian Welfare Council, a real charity created up by Giancana and his wife. Mobsters sold tickets to the event which featured Bob Hope, Dean Martin, Jerry Lewis Jimmy Durante and Frank Sinatra. Very little of the money actual made it to poor Italians. Using shrewd accountants, Giancana managed to pocket most of the cash through dummy companies who billed the events for services at twice the normal rate.     

Nuttier then a fruitcake: In 1942, Jake Guzak, Capone former business manager in the mob, visited the dying Capone at his Florida estate. The effects of untreated syphilis had worn away at him. Guzak, who had not seen Capone since his heydays as Boss of the Chicago mob, was appalled at Capone’s condition. On his way out of the estate, when asked how Capone was, Guzak replied, in terms harsher then he intended “Al is nuttier then a fruitcake”
  Actually, although Capone was very ill, he was hardly “nuttier then a fruitcake” Before his health failed him, Capone and his wife Mae were seen regularly in restaurants in Florida and he appeared happy and relaxed.
   His last few years of life, he became child like, becoming highly excited when visitors dropped by to see him. He spoke very fast and took up a nervous, non-stop habit of whistling, sometimes speaking and whistling at the same time. He stopped walking and demanded to be pushed around in a wheelchair
He enjoyed playing cards with friends and old associates who would appease him by allowing him to always win the game, just as they had in the days.

Nestos, William Dr. Kept on staff by Gus Alex in 1946 to perform abortions on mob prostitutes (Abortions were illegal at the time) In 1955, Nestos was named in a federal probe as one of several doctors who were selling infants for adoption. In Nestos case, he successfully sold twelve children in ten months.

Niemeyer Robert H: On  October 3, 1951 Robert Niemeyer, an activist citizen who wanted a crack down on gambling in the Northlake area, was beaten with a Louisville slugger near Armitage Avenue and 15th street in Melrose Park. The attacker broke ten of Niemeyer’s bones. His killing led to a mass march in the suburbs for the police to crack down on gambling police questioned Vincent Inserro AKA Little Saint Louis

Northlake Community Hospital: A mob hideout and relaxation center founded and run by Tony Accardo’s Doctor, Giulio Bruni, who was jailed in1965 on counterfeiting charges. The mob had massive drunken parties at the hospital and huge social gatherings. Police who trailed the hoods assumed they had entered the hospital either for treatment or to visit a sick relative.  It was informant Chuckie Grimaldi, a one time associate of Mad Sam DeStefano, who informed the FBI that Northlake was simply a front.