John William Tuohy lives in Washington DC

John Tuohy's History of Organized Crime in Chicago (E)


Earners and Heavy Workers: In 2007, while on the witness stand Mobster Frank Calabrese testified that the Mob had two kinds of people _ those who were "earners" and those who engaged in "heavy work."
"What does heavy work mean?" his lawyer asked. When Calabrese seemed hesitant to give jurors a precise definition, his lawyer urged: "Tell them."
"It means killing people," Calabrese said.
The lawyer asked if Calabrese were an earner or did heavy work.
"My earnings speak for themselves," Calabrese said. "I made millions."

Elevator problems: In 1943 Boss Paul Ricca and two of his best killers, Charles Fischetti and Joseph Fischetti stepped into an elevator in midtown Chicago and went into a free fall. When the elevator crash landed on the ground floor, Ricca was tossed to the ceiling. The three killers confronted the building owner and demanded justice. Remarkably, in fact incredibly, he refused. Even more remarkably they didn’t kill him.  Ricca sued the property owner and won.  

Eboli Louis AKA The Mooch. Born 1935 Died September 23, 1987. Died of cancer. The son of New York Godfather Tommy Eboli of the Genovese crime family.  A native of New York and later a resident of Melrose Park, Eboli was among the first Chicago mobster to move out to the upscale suburbs. Eboli’s Oak Brook neighbor and confidant was boss Joseph Ferriola, although it was boss Tony Accardo who guided Eboli’s career along. Eboli dabbled in loan sharking and collection of protection money from suburban vice dens. He also owned two lucrative vending and jukebox companies (Which, in 1990s, were being run by his daughter and son-in-law)
   In 1983, at the Teamsters Union pension fund fraud trial, West Side boss Joe Lombardo is heard telling Eboli that owners of a massage parlors in the northwest suburbs had to pay their protection money, that if the owners didn't pay that Eboli would have to close them up, or "he (The owner) will get flattened. We will flatten the joint."
   Eboli is heard agreeing and said that before Lombardo acted, he wanted time to get his vending and music machines out of the place. "I don't want to blow them off. Let them open someplace else and then we still got them (to pay protection). We are supposed to be giving them some kind of protection." According to informant Nick Calabrese,
Eboli was present when the Spilotro brothers were killed.
   Eboli father, Tommy Eboli was shot down on a Brooklyn street in 1972 at the age of 62.  Eboli was the boss of the Genovese family for three years, largely because Vito Genovese continued to run the group from his prison cell for ten years between1959 until his death in 1969.  In early 1972, Eboli became involved in a $4 million drug deal in which he borrowed cash from Boss Carlo Gambino. However, narcotics dealer Lou Cirillo was arrested with the drugs by police and sentenced to 25 years in prison, meaning Eboli couldn’t repay the loan. Although Gambino was said to have ordered his execution because of his failure to pay the loan, it’s also likely that he wanted his friend Frank Tieri to become boss.  On July 16, 1972, Eboli was shot and killed as he left his girlfriends apartment. When word of the shooting reached Lou Eboli, he vowed to go to New York and avenge his father's murder. However, Accardo, who saw the murder as a legitimate albeit harsh, mob dealing, placed Eboli under house arrest. 

English Oval: Joey Aiuppa chained smoked this European brand of cigarettes. They were supplied to him by Hy Larner, a mob vending operator.

El Norte: On April 21, 1955, Nick Circella, a Capone hood who had been part of the Bioff –Hollywood scandal claimed aboard the SS Del Norte for Argentina. He later moved to Mexico City Circella had been deported even though he had been in the US since 1902. He never bothered to take out naturalization papers. Rather then be deported to Italy, his place of birth which he knew nothing about,  he elected to move to South America with his wife. He set sail from New Orleans. In Mexico City, he purchased a fleet of several shrimp boats. In 959, Sam Giancana purchased a another fleet of shrimp boats in Cuba. The US federal government long suspected that the boats were used to bring heroin into New Orleans.    

English, Sam: AKA The King. Died 1973.Brother of Chuckie English. Considered a power under Giancana in the juke box business

Esposito, Joe AKA Diamond Joe. Born April 28, 1872 Died March 21 1928. Born Giuseppe Esposito in Naples or Sicily. Esposito was both hated and beloved as the Republican leader and Alderman of the "Bloody Nineteenth" ward, (one of the earliest Italian-Americans to be elected in favor of the older Irish ward bosses)
   Originally a Black Hand extortionist who pried upon his own people,  Diamond Joe sold illegal sugar supplies to the biggest bootleggers in the country; Joe Kennedy in Boston, Sam and Harry Bronfman in Canada, Lew Rosentiel in Cincinnati and Joe Reinfeld in New Jersey. A political king pin, Calvin Coolidge appointed him as a member of the Electoral College. "I read and write a little," he said. Esposito was questioned in the murder of  Big Jim Colosimo, and like him, he adorned himself in diamonds and handed them out to those he wished to impress) had interests in prostitution, gambling and bootlegging and was on-again-off-again partners with the Genna brothers. It was Esposito's right hand man, Joe Fusco, who sponsored the six Genna brothers from Sicily to Chicago in 1910 where the Genna's rented themselves out as Black hand enforcers and pimps.
   In 1913, Esposito opened the Bella Napoli Cafe at 850 Halsted, a popular meeting place for Republican political figures. Future boss Paul Ricca worked here, he said, as a Matre ‘d, having left his job as a manager (Not an usher, as has been reported) at the nearby mobbed owned Dante Theater. It was here that Ricca picked up the name “The waiter” which was largely used by law enforcement and not by the underworld. Regardless, Ricca hated it and more than often barked at reporters “I was a manager not a waiter, but the truth really doesn’t matter to you people does it?”
 Ricca had fled Italy with a murder charge behind him. Once in Cuba, Ricca was placed in touch with a fellow Neapolitan, "Diamond Joe" Esposito, who brought Ricca out to Chicago and placed him under the Bloody Genna brothers.   Ricca's first job was to run sugar and whiskey from Cuba to points north and moonshine from Kentucky to Chicago.
     But Diamond Joe could see that Ricca was far more intelligent that the lowly bred Genna’s and their religious fanaticism and blood lust. As a result, Ricca climbed up the ladder quickly.
   Another of Diamond Joe’s protégés was Anthony D’Andrea and it was Esposito who brought many young hoods into the mob who would one day lead the Outfit including Frank Nitti, Jack McGurn and Murray Humphreys. However his top find was Paul Ricca.
   Caught up in the Capone-Genna beer wars, Esposito, surrounded by the Varchettis brothers as his bodyguards,  was killed as he swaggered down the street away from his home as his wife and children watched him from a window. When the shooting started, the Varchettis fell to the ground but Diamond Joe, grossly overweight wasn’t so lucky. He was shot in the chest legs and belly. He bled to death on the scene. His funeral was a demonstration in underworld pomp and regal splendor. At least 10,000 (Some estimate 28,000) Chicagoans lined the streets to watch the funeral cortège make it’s way to the cemetery

Evans, Fred: Born in 1898 in St. Louis, Mo Evans was said to be a college graduated with a degree in architect and engineering. In 1923, Evans operated a chop-shop garage at 1214 Jackson Boulevard, in Chicago  with Murray Humphreys. They moved the operation to 311 Curtis Street a year later and operated under the name Evans and Company. In 1947, it was reported that Evans was trying to take over the city’s dry cleaning industry, starting with the Ruby Cleaners, 2801 West Montrose Avenue, in Chicago. Otherwise, from 1934-1937,  he used the Equipment Loan & Discount Corporation as his front. (Later merged with the Security Discount Co., at 1000 North La Salle Street)
  Evans was an understudy to Murray Humphreys. Sauvé and educated by mob standards, for a decade Evans was an up and coming promising member of Humphreys so-called “Connection guys” the Non-Italian members of the Chicago operation. During the 1933 Chicago Worlds Fair, Humphreys, Evans and Capone were partners in the popcorn concessions. Evans was highly regarded for his insights by Nitti, Ricca, and Accardo. He was indicted with Louis Romano and Thomas Panton in 1940 on a charge of conspiracy in the bartenders' union scandal. Evans slipped out of the case without a conviction.
   In early 1959, it became clear that Evans, who watched over most of the Outfits cash, was stealing from the bosses. On August 1, the bosses decided he had to die. Evans was executed as he walked from his office at 5409 West Lake Street by two men armed with pistols.

Eulo, Rocco F. Born 1918 resided at 1824 Home Ave. Berwyn. Related to New York Mafia figure Frankie “Sharkey” Eulo, in 1959, Rocco worked for the projectionists union in Chicago with Tony Accardo’s son

Eto Ken: Born 1922 Died June 2004. He was, in a mob filled with colorful and interesting gangsters, a very colorful and interesting gambler who ran a $200,000 a week bolita empire. In the papers he was called "Tokyo Joe" but in the mob he was Joe the Jap and the Yellow Italian. He was actually Korean-American.
   Eto learned gambling in the service while riding a troop train to Alaska during World War II. After returning to Chicago, he took up with the mob and handled not only their games and books, but also paid bribes to police, FBI Special agent Jack O'Rourke said. Since the 1950s, Eto controlled the bolita, an illegal lottery, in Chicago that made him a Multi millionaire by the mid 1960s. "He was a trusted moneymaker, he'd been around for a long time and actually had kind of a reputation as a violent sort of person," said Elaine smith, former FBI agent. "Imagine what it would be like on a day-to-day basis and always show respect and always do what they said to do, unquestioning, with people that are dumb, immoral, selfish, corrupt individuals"
    The Outfit had wrongly assumed that Eto had become an informant. In 1983, Eto was indicted and convicted of illegal gambling. While still awaiting a sentence, a maximum of 10 years, Joey Aiuppa thought that Eto couldn't or wouldn’t do his time without cutting a deal and ordered him killed. After he was convicted and  released on bail, Eto needed cash, that he could account for, and decided to sell the Marilou's restaurant, something that Auippa saw as another sign that Eto was entering the witness protection program.
   Auippa feigned an interest in buying the restaurant and arranged to have his lieutenant, Joseph DiVarco to have Eto meet with Jasper Campise and John Gattuso, a Cook County deputy sheriff, in Maeilou's parking lot where he would be taken to Auippa. When Eto got here he was told that Auippa was called away and that they would have to meet again on the morning of Feburary 10, 1983. That day, DiVarco and Joe Arnold told Eto to meet Campise and Gattuso that evening and the three would talk at a West Side restaurant with North Side gambling boss Vincent Solano. After pulling into the Montclare Theater, 7129 W. Grand Avenue and shutting off the engine, Gattuso pulled out a .22 caliber pistol and shot Eto in the head three times. Eto wasn’t badly hurt but had the good sense to slump down and play dead. The gun powder was old and the bullets, although fired, bounced off of Eto’s head. Some investigators said the .22-caliber pistol used in the shooting might have had a defective silencer that greatly reduced the speed of the bullets.
 Gattuso and Campise, then left him for dead. Eto didn't die, and after awaking from unconsciousness, dragged himself to a nearby pharmacy, where he called 911. That night, Eto started talking to the FBI. "He really had nowhere else to go," FBI agent O'Rourke said. During his cooperation, Eto admitted to a role in four murders. "He didn't participate in these murders, he set the people up," an FBI agent said
   The FBI learned that soon after the shooting, the mob planned to murder Gattuso and Campise and tried to persuade the men to cooperate with the government, but they refused. Instead, after they were bailed out of jail, driven to a  parking lot of a Naperville Illinois condominium, stabbed, strangled and shot to death. Their bodies were then stuffed into the trunk of  Campise's car and found four months later on July 14, 1983. Every major organ in their bodies had been slashed.
While testifying in 1985 President's Commission on Organized Crime, he spoke in hushed tones and whispers  while wearing a hood. Eto testified that between 1980 and 1982 he paid cash bribes totaling $900 to State Representative James DeLeo, the first state legislator implicated in the Operation Greylord investigation of judicial corruption,  a Democrat from Chicago  to fix parking tickets at Traffic Court in Chicago "I'd walk away from Mr. DeLeo (in his Traffic Court office) and count it," Eto testified. "I walked back to Mr. DeLeo, folded it in my hand and shook his hand." He said that he paid DeLeo about $150 "once or twice" a year between 1980 and 1982 to take care of parking tickets Eto accumulated when he lived at 21 E. Chestnut Street, a highly congested neighborhood. DeLeo, whose salary was $21,000 a year,  owned a series of Corvettes, Cadillac’s, a Jaguar and a Mercedes-Benz between 1978 and 1982.
   In 1991, Eto testified in the trial of Ernest Rocco Infelice and Louis Marino that he
paid protection money to Infelice and Marino, totaling about $50,000. "Five thousand a month.” He said  “Usually (paid) in the first week of the month. In person. Cash. One-hundred-dollar bills. Vince (Solano) asked me if I could pay $5,000 a month. I said, `Yes,' and he told me to give the money to Rocky (Infelice). Louie Marino would call me and set a date and time" at a West Side restaurant. "Usually, Rocky and Louie would come together, and I would pass the money under the table."
   He added that he considered Infelice and Marino to be his friends in the mob and that the money he paid was a blanket payment that allowed him to  run a variety of gambling businesses, from bets on ethnic Chinese and Puerto Rican games to American-style card games, horse races and sports events. He said that in the early 1980s, when police raids in Chicago were making his life miserable, cutting his ability to make money and pay the mob, too, Infelice told him "Go to Lake County," because Eto said  "Anywhere in Lake County, it belonged to them (the street crew)." But Eto stayed out of the county because it was to far for his Hispanic and Asian clientele to travel. In the 1970s, Eto wanted to open a strip club in suburban Lyons but was turned down by 
Boss Joey Aiuppa. Because said Eto "Aiuppa reportedly controls Lyons' "sin strip." And didn’t want any competition. "I was turned down." He said Infelice told him "Don't feel bad that you got turned down. That is `sacred territory'," Eto, did however, own a fine dinning restaurant in Lyons'  called Marilou's.
   Eto's bleak testimony changed when the prosecutor asked him to look around the courtroom and point out the men he had been talking about. Infelice stood up, smiled at Eto and waved in his direction. So did Marino. "He (Infelice) is the man waving at me," Eto said, giggling and smiling back. He repeated himself when Marino stood up and waved.
   Although law enforcement blamed the attempted murder of Joey Auippa, who certainly had to give his okay on the murder, Eto told the President's Commission on Organized Crime that Vincent Solano, a North Side crime syndicate rackets boss as well as president of Local 1 of the mob-linked Laborers' Union., ordered him killed and said that Solano was the mob's "ultimate source of power," Eto said, "Being able to corrupt and bribe city officials, politicians and policemen and instill fear in the general public by threats, intimidation and murder." Eto said that Solano ordered him killed for fear that he would spill mob secrets. Eto said he had been indicted by a federal grand jury on gambling charges and faced a prison term if convicted.
   He said that he owned a night club called the  Bourbon Street at 936 N. Rush Street which was enormously profitable, but he was forced to sign the club over to Solano's son. Though promised "compensation" for giving up the business, he was never paid.
  He said that for his protection money,  a secret code was used by the bribed vice-detectives to alert the outfit about pending gambling raids on Eto’s places “I’m just the furnace man. I’ll be there in a couple of hours or a couple of days,” was the message sent to Eto when something big was scheduled to go down. He also was given mob muscle when he needed it.  Eto once testified that Johnny Monteleone and enforcer John Fecarotta, a business agent for Local 8 of the Laborer’s AFL-CIO Industrial Worker’s Union, supplied the muscle that kept the deadbeats in line. A customer who routinely disrupted the monte game was taken by car to a secret location where he was punished. While en route to the destination, the heel of Monteleone’s shoe on the gambler’s back kept him in place. Wielding a two-by-four, Fecarotta beat the man senseless.
He lived on his last days in Georgia as Joe Tanaka, a restaurateur from Iowa, the father of six children.

Exner Judith Campbell: Mob mistress. Born Judith Katherine Inmoor January 11, 1934. Died September 25, 1999. Campbell was born to an upper middle class family in New York and settled in California while in her childhood.  In 1952, she married actor
Bill Campbell but divorced him in 1959. (The couple had been separated since 11955)
Campbell claimed to have been working as an actress when Frank Sinatra introduced her to US Senator and Presidential hopeful John F. Kennedy on February 7, 1960 in Palm Springs California. She denied allegations and rumors from local law enforcement that prior to the Kennedy meeting she was working as a professional escort. 
   According to her statements before the 1975 U.S. Senate intelligence committee, Campbell said she had an 18-month affair with Kennedy before and after he entered the White House, and that she later had an affair with Sam Giancana while Giancana was boss of the Chicago Outfit. She also claimed to have been involved with Johnny Roselli, Giancana’s man on the West Coast.  In 1959 Campbell met singer Frank Sinatra, and they engaged in a brief affair. A year later, on February 7, 1960, Sinatra introduced Campbell to Kennedy and shortly before that, to Sam Giancana.
 She swore under oath that there was no connection between Kennedy and Giancana, that her relationship with Kennedy was personal and not business and that she had no knowledge of any relationship between Giancana and Kennedy.  Later, in her December 1975 press conference and again in her autobiography,
she made the same denials and repeatedly accused the media of "wild-eyed speculation" for suggesting that she was an intermediary between Kennedy and Giancana.
  In 1997, 20 years after the publication of My Story, Campbell changed her story. She
unveiled new sensational allegations including a story that she was a conduit between the President of the United States and the Chicago Mob. She claimed that for 18 months, in 1960 and 1961, that she was the president's link with the Chicago Outfit and that she zipped across the country carrying envelopes between the president and Giancana, (concerning the Mafia-White-CIA plot to assassinate Cuban leader Fidel Castro.) and arranged about 10 meetings between the two, one of which, she thought, took place inside the White House.
  Campbell, a long troubled woman with deep emotional instability, (Depression and paranoia) changed her story several times in a decade. It appears that virtually all of what Campbell wrote was concocted in order to sell a book and by the time she completed her autobiography in 1977, Kennedy, Giancana, and Roselli were safely dead.
   In 1988 People magazine interview Campbell said   "I lied when I said I was not a conduit between President Kennedy and the Mafia. I lied when I said that President Kennedy was unaware of my friendships with mobsters. He knew everything about my dealings with Sam Giancana and Johnny Roselli because I was seeing them for him. I wouldn't have been seeing them otherwise."
  When pressed to explain why she had lied before the United States Senate she replied that she feared for her life if she told the truth "If I'd told the truth, I'd have been killed. I kept my secret out of fear." In fairness, it’s not a completely groundless defense. Giancana was killed just before he was set to testify before the Senate committee and Roselli was kidnapped and killed right after he testified. However, it makes almost no sense for Kennedy to have chosen Campbell as his conduit to Giancana especially considering the vast numbers of more capable persons he could have chosen for the job including several mob-controlled US Congressmen. What makes her claims so outrageous is that the wily Kennedy chose Campbell to act as her Mafia contact
after having known her for less than two weeks. Conversely, she had known the paranoid Sam Giancana for less than a month before he supposedly agreed to accept White House messages from her. The strangest thing about Campbell’s take is that Murray Humpreys, the Chicago Mob political contact and corruption expert, appears no where on the landscape.   
   Campbell said that her first assignment as courier was suggested by Kennedy at the dinner in his Georgetown townhouse on April 6, 1960. During the conversation Kennedy turned to her and said, "Could you quietly arrange a meeting with Sam [Giancana] for me?"  Campbell said that the she called Giancana the next morning and arranged a meeting “I arrived at 8:30 a.m. on April 8th and talked to Sam at a Chicago club," said Exner. "I told Sam that Jack wanted to meet with him because he needed his help in the campaign." Giancana agreed, and the meeting was set four days later at the Fontainebleau Hotel in Miami Beach. "I called Jack to tell him, and then I flew to Miami because Kennedy wanted me to be there."
  On April 12 Kennedy met with Giancana at the Fontainebleau. "I was not present," Exner said, "but Jack came to my suite afterward, and I asked him how the meeting had gone. He seemed very happy about it and thanked me for making the arrangements."
   Kennedy, a notorious skinflint, then paid Campbell $2,000 in cash. Writer Kitty Kelley, who assisted Campbell in writing her stories about Kenney and Giancana, speculated that the April 12 meeting concerned the West Virginia primary.
    After Kennedy entered the White House, Campbell said, Kennedy continued to use her as a courier. A few days after the failed Bay of Pigs invasion in April 1961, Kennedy called her in California and asked her to fly to Las Vegas, pick up an envelope from Roselli and deliver it to Giancana in Chicago. Then she was to arrange a meeting between the President and the Mafia boss, one that took place in her suite at the Ambassador East on April 28, 1961.
   Describing her role in arranging contacts between Kennedy and Giancana, she said
 "As a rule I would just call Sam. I learned to almost speak in a kind of code. I would usually say, `Have him call the girl from the West.' And if something was happening in Florida, it was, `Can you meet him in the South?' Sam always knew that `him' was Jack. I really became very adept. I think that I was having a little bit of fun with this also."
   Campbell claimed that FBI Director Hoover had agents tailing her so he could blackmail Kennedy with the evidence. However, according to Joe Pignatello, a Las Vegas restaurateur, mob insider and close personnel friend of Sam Giancana, the agents were assigned to follow Campbell only because of her involvement with Giancana and Sinatra and that agents had confirmed to Giancana Robert Kennedy had asked the Director to place a lock step on Campbell as part of his scheme to blackball Sinatra.
  Pignatelo claimed that Campbell had worked as a paid escort on the Los Angeles-Las Vegas circuit and was hired by Sinatra to entertain Kennedy during their first meeting in Palm Springs on February 7, 1960 while Kennedy was a presidential candidate. 
   It was Pignatelo’s contention that Giancana had paid hush money to Campbell to protect Sinatra’s career and not Kennedy’s. “Sam” said Pignatelo “Wouldn’t have pissed in the sink to help Kennedy. Why would help Kennedy with anything?”  According to Pignatelo, after the Kennedy’s had cut themselves lose from Sinatra they attempted to distance themselves from him. According to Pignatello, the hush money used to bribe Campbell was taped to the inside casing of an old and no longer used oven in his restaurant in Vegas.
   Campbell died of breast cancer (some reports called it lung cancer) in 1999 at age 65.

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