John William Tuohy
Arlington National Cemetery gets all the attention these days but well before Arlington was a household name there was the National Congressional Cemetery in Washington DC.
Congressional Cemetery is located at 1801 E Street, SE, in Washington, D.C., on the west bank of the Anacostia River. It is the final resting place of thousands of people who helped form the city of Washington in the early 19th century. Many members of the U.S. Congress who died while Congress was in session are interred at Congressional. Other burials include the early landowners and speculators, the builders and architects of the great buildings of Washington, Native American diplomats, mayors of Washington, and hundreds of Civil War veterans. Nineteenth-century Washington, D.C. families unaffiliated with the federal government have also had graves and tombs at the cemetery. In all there is one Vice-President, one Supreme Court Justice, six Cabinet Members, 19 Senators and 71 Representatives - including a former Speaker of the House, buried there; as well as veterans of every American war. The cemetery was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on June 23, 1969.
Robert Adam Mosbacher, U.S. Secretary of Commerce from 1989 to 1992
Joseph Anderson, U.S. Senator Tennessee, Comptroller of the U.S. Treasury
Alexander Dallas Bache, Superintendent of the Coast Survey, Charter member National Academy of Sciences
William Lee Ball, U.S. Congressman Virginia, War of 1812 soldier
Philip Pendleton Barbour, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court
Henry Washington Benham, Union army general
James G. Berret, Mayor of Washington - forced to resign with outbreak of Civil War
James Blair, U.S. Congressman South Carolina
Theodorick Bland, U.S. Congressman Virginia, first to die in office
Thomas Blount, U.S. Congressman North Carolina, Revolutionary War prison of war
John Edward Bouligny, U.S. Congressman Louisiana, only member of the Louisiana Congressional delegation to retain his seat after the state seceded (grave unmarked)
Lemuel Jackson Bowden, U.S. Senator Virginia during Civil War
Mathew Brady, photographer
Edward Bradley, U.S. Congressman Michigan
William A. Burwell, U.S. Congressman, Thomas Jefferson's private secretary
Joseph Goldsborough Bruff, architect, U.S. Army Captain, topographer
John Carrington, Fire Chief of Washington, DC, hero of Knickerbocker Fire
Levi Casey, U.S. Congressman South Carolina (Republican Party); Brigadier General, South Carolina Militia, American Continental Army
Warren R. Davis, U.S. Congressman South Carolina
John Dawson, U.S. Congressman
Owen Thomas Edgar, last surviving Mexican-American War veteran
William H. Emory, Army engineer, Western explorer, Civil War general
John Forsyth, U.S. Congressman, U.S. Senator, Governor of Georgia, U.S. Secretary of State
Henry Stephen Fox, British diplomat
Mary Fuller, silent film actress (unmarked)
John Gaillard, U.S. Senator
Elbridge Gerry, U.S. Vice President and the only signer of the Declaration of Independence buried in Washington, D.C.
James Gillespie, Revolutionary War soldier, U.S. Congressman
William Montrose Graham, Jr., Major General in the U.S. Army during the Spanish-American War
George Hadfield, architect
Archibald Henderson, the longest serving Commandant of the U.S. Marine Corps
David Herold, conspirator of the Abraham Lincoln assassination
Daniel Hiester, U.S. Congressman Pennsylvania
J. Edgar Hoover, FBI Director
Robertson Howard, attorney, editor for West Publishing, and founder of Pi Kappa Alpha Fraternity
Andrew A. Humphreys, Army Engineer, Civil War general, prominent scientist
Samuel Humphreys, Chief Constructor of the Navy
Adelaide Johnson, sculptor, social reformer
Horatio King, U.S. Postmaster General
Belva Ann Lockwood, first woman attorney allowed to practice before the Supreme Court
Joseph Lovell, Surgeon General of the U.S. Army
Alexander Macomb, Jr., War of 1812 Hero, Commanding General of the Army
Robert Mills, architect
Joseph Nicollet, Explorer
James Noble, U.S. Senator
Thomas P. "Tip" O'Neill, Speaker of the House
Daniel Patterson; Commodore U.S. Navy
Thomas H. Patterson; Rear Admiral U.S. Navy
William Pinkney, Attorney General, statesman, diplomat
Alfred Pleasonton, Union army general
Push-Ma-Ha-Ta, Native American (Choctaw) Chief
Edith Nourse Rogers, reformer, U.S. Congresswoman
John Smilie, U.S. Congressman
Alexander Smyth, lawyer, soldier, U.S. Congressman
John Phillip Sousa notable composer created pieces such as Star and Stripes Forever
Samuel L. Southard, U.S. Senator, U.S. Secretary of the Navy, Governor of New Jersey
Richard Stanford, U.S. Congressman
William Taylor, U.S. Congressman
Chief Taza, Apache Chief
William Thornton, architect
Thomas Tingey, U.S. Navy officer
Clyde Tolson, associate director of the FBI
Joseph Gilbert Totten, military officer, longtime Army Chief of Engineers, regent of the Smithsonian Institution
Uriah Tracy, U.S. Congressman: subsequently U.S. Senator
William Upham, U.S. Senator
Abel P. Upshur, lawyer, U.S. Secretary of the Navy, U.S. Secretary of State
Charles H. Upton, U.S. Congressman, consul to Switzerland
William Wirt, U.S. Attorney General
John Quincy Adams, the 6th President of the United States, Interred in the Public Vault upon his death in 1848.
Louisa Catherine Adams, First Lady of the United States Interred in the Public Vault in 1852.
William Henry Harrison, the 9th President of the United States Interred in the cemetery's Public Vault in 1841
Dolley Madison, First Lady of the United States, Interred in the vault in 1849.
John Aaron Rawlins Civil War General and U.S. Secretary of War, Buried at Congressional but then remains were moved to Arlington National Cemetery.
Zachary Taylor, the 12th President of the United States, Interred in the Public Vault in 1850.
Quincy's marker at the Congressional cemetery
John Quincy Adams (July 11, 1767 – February 23, 1848) was the sixth President of the United States from 1825 to 1829. Adams was elected a U.S. Representative from Massachusetts after leaving office, the only president ever to do so, serving for the last 17 years of his life with far greater success than he had achieved in the presidency.
On February 21, 1848, the House of Representatives was discussing the matter of honoring US Army officers who served in the Mexican-American War. Adams firmly opposed this idea, so when the rest of the house erupted into 'ayes', he cried out, 'No!'
Immediately thereafter, Adams collapsed, having suffered a massive cerebral hemorrhage. Two days later, on February 23, he died with his wife and son at his side in the Speaker's Room inside the Capitol Building in Washington, D.C.
His last words were reported to have been, "This is the last of Earth. I am content." His original interment was temporary, in the public vault at the Congressional Cemetery in Washington, D.C.
Later, he was interred in the family burial ground in Quincy across from the First Parish Church, called Hancock Cemetery. After his wife's death, his son, Charles Francis Adams, had him reinterred with his wife in a family crypt in the United First Parish Church across the street.