John William Tuohy lives in Washington DC

Songs of the Sixties Trivia By John William Tuohy


Woodstock was a music festival, billed as "An Aquarian Exposition: 3 Days of Peace & Music". It was held at Max Yasgur's 600-acre dairy farm near the hamlet of White Lake in the town of Bethel, New York, from August 15 to August 18, 1969. Bethel, in Sullivan County, is 43 miles southwest of the town of Woodstock, New York, in adjoining Ulster County.  During the sometimes rainy weekend, thirty-two acts performed outdoors in front of 500,000 concert-goers. It is widely regarded as one of the greatest and most pivotal moments in popular music history.
Woodstock was initiated through the efforts of Michael Lang, John Roberts, Joel Rosenman, and Artie Kornfeld. It was Roberts and Rosenman who had the finances. Lang had experience as a promoter and had already organized the largest festival on the East Coast at the time, the Miami Pop Festival, which had an estimated 100,000 people attend the two day event. They placed the following advertisement in The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal under the name of Challenge International, Ltd.: "Young men with unlimited capital looking for interesting, legitimate investment opportunities and business propositions".
Lang and Kornfeld noticed the ad, and the four men got together originally to discuss a retreat-like recording studio in Woodstock, but the idea evolved into an outdoor music and arts festival, although even that was initially envisioned on a smaller scale, perhaps featuring some of the big name artists who lived in the Woodstock area (such as Bob Dylan and The Band). There were differences in approach among the four: Roberts was disciplined, and knew what was needed in order for the venture to succeed, while the laid-back Lang saw Woodstock as a new, relaxed way of bringing business people together. There were further doubts over the venture, as Roberts wondered whether to consolidate his losses and pull the plug, or to continue pumping his own finances into the project.
In April 1969, newly-minted superstars Credence Clearwater Revival were the first act to sign a contract for the event, agreeing to play for $10,000. The promoters had experienced difficulty landing big-name groups prior to the Bay Area swamp rockers committing to play. Credence drummer Doug Clifford later commented "Once Credence signed, everyone else jumped in line and all the other big acts came on." Given their 3:00 a.m. start time and non-inclusion (at Credence frontman John Fogerty's insistence) in the Woodstock film, Credence members have expressed bitterness over their experiences at the famed festival.
Woodstock was designed as a profit-making venture, aptly titled "Woodstock Ventures". It famously became a "free concert" only after it became obvious that the event was drawing hundreds of thousands more people than the organizers had prepared for. Tickets for the event cost $18 in advance and $24 at the gate for all three days. Ticket sales were limited to record stores in the greater New York City area, or by mail via a post office box at the Radio City Station Post Office located in Midtown Manhattan. Around 186,000 tickets were sold beforehand and organizers anticipated approximately 200,000 festival-goers would turn up.
The concert was originally scheduled to take place in the 300-acre Mills Industrial Park  in the town of Wallkill, New York, which Woodstock Ventures had leased for $10,000 in the Spring of 1969. Town officials were assured that no more than 50,000 would attend. Town residents immediately opposed the project. In early July the Town Board passed a law requiring a permit for any gathering over 5,000 people. On July 15, 1969, the Wallkill Zoning Board of Appeals officially banned the concert on the basis that the planned portable toilets would not meet town code. Reports about the ban, however, turned out to be a publicity bonanza for the festival.
According to Elliot Tiber in his 2007 book Taking Woodstock, Tiber offered to host the event on his 15 acres motel grounds, and had a permit for such an event. He claims to have introduced the promoters to dairy farmer Max Yasgur. Lang, however, disputes Tiber's account, and says that Tiber introduced him to a real estate salesman, who drove him to Yasgur's farm without Tiber. Sam Yasgur, Max's son, agrees with Lang's account. Yasgur's land formed a natural bowl sloping down to Filippini Pond on the land's north side. The stage would be set at the bottom of the hill with Filippini Pond forming a backdrop. The pond would become a popular skinny dipping destination. The organizers once again told Bethel authorities they expected no more than 50,000 people.
Despite resident opposition and signs proclaiming, "Buy No Milk. Stop Max's Hippy Music Festival", Bethel Town Attorney Frederick W. V. Schadt and building inspector Donald Clark approved the permits, but the Bethel Town Board refused to issue them formally. Clark was ordered to post stop work orders.
The late change in venue did not give the festival organizers enough time to prepare. At a meeting three days before the event organizers felt they had two choices. One option was to improve the fencing and security which might have resulted in violence, the other involved putting all their resources into completing the stage which would cause Woodstock Ventures to take a financial hit. The crowd which was arriving in greater numbers and earlier than anticipated made the decision for them. The fence was cut the night before the concert.
The influx of attendees to the rural concert site in Bethel created a massive traffic jam. Fearing chaos as thousands began descending on the community, Bethel did not enforce its codes. Eventually, announcements on radio stations as far away as WNEW-FM in Manhattan and descriptions of the traffic jams on television news programs discouraged people from setting off to the festival. Arlo Guthrie made an announcement that was included in the film saying that the New York State Thruway was closed. The director of the Woodstock museum discussed below said this never occurred. To add to the problems and difficulty in dealing with the large crowds, recent rains had caused muddy roads and fields. The facilities were not equipped to provide sanitation or first aid for the number of people attending; hundreds of thousands found themselves in a struggle against bad weather, food shortages, and poor sanitation.
On the morning of Sunday, August 17, New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller called festival organizer John Roberts and told him he was thinking of ordering 10,000 New York State National Guard troops to the festival. Roberts was successful in persuading Rockefeller not to do this. Sullivan County declared a state of emergency.
Although the festival was remarkably peaceful given the number of people and the conditions involved, there were three recorded fatalities: one from what was believed to be a heroin overdose and another caused in an accident when a tractor ran over an attendee sleeping in a nearby hayfield. There also were two births recorded at the event (one in a car caught in traffic and another in a hospital after an airlift by helicopter) and four miscarriages.
Yet, in tune with the idealistic hopes of the 1960s, Woodstock satisfied most attendees. There was a sense of social harmony, the quality of music, and the overwhelming mass of people, many sporting bohemian dress, behavior, and attitudes.
After the concert, Max Yasgur, who owned the site of the event, saw it as a victory of peace and love. He spoke of how nearly half a million people filled with possibilities of disaster, riot, looting, and catastrophe spent the three days with music and peace on their minds. He states that "if we join them, we can turn those adversities that are the problems of America today into a hope for a brighter and more peaceful future..."

Performers and Schedule of Events

Friday, August 15
The concert officially began at 5:08 p.m.

Richie Havens sang the following songs
High Flyin' Bird
I Can't Make It Anymore
With A Little Help w/ me
Strawberry Fields Forever
Hey Jude
I Had A Woman
Handsome Johnny
Freedom/Motherless Child
Swami Satchidananda - gave the invocation for the festival

Country Joe McDonald

Country Joe McDonald (Without his band, The Fish)
I Find Myself Missing You
Rockin All Around The World
Flyin' High All Over the World
Seen A Rocket flyin
The "Fish" Cheer/I-Feel-Like-I'm-Fixin'-To-Die Rag

John Sebastian
How Have You Been
Rainbows Over Your Blues
I Had A Dream
Younger Generation
What's Wrong
Motherless Child
Look Out
For Pete's Sake
Day Song
Crystal Spider
Two Worlds
Why Oh Why

Incredible String Band
The Letter
This Moment

Tim Hardin
If I Were A Carpenter
Misty Roses


Ravi Shankar
Raga Puriya-Dhanashri/Gat In Sawarital
Tabla Solo In Jhaptal
Raga Manj Kmahaj
Iap Jor
Dhun In Kaharwa Tal

Beautiful People
Birthday of The Sun

Arlo Guthrie
Coming Into Los Angeles
Walking Down The Line
Amazing Grace

Joan Baez
Oh Happy Day
The Last Thing On My Mind
I Shall Be Released
Joe Hill
Sweet Sir Galahad
Hickory Wind
Drug Store Truck Driving Man
(I Live) One Day at a Time
Sweet Sunny South
Warm and Tender Love
Swing Low Sweet Chariot
We Shall Overcome

Saturday, August 16
Concert opened at 12:15 pm

They Live the Life
Waitin' For You

Keef Hartley Band
Spanish Fly
Believe In You
Rock Me Baby
Leavin' fuct
Just To Cry
Sinnin' For You
You Just Don't Care
Soul Sacrifice
Fried Neckbones

Canned Heat
A Change Is Gonna Come/Leaving This Town
Going Up The Country
Let's Work Together
Woodstock Boogie

Blood of the Sun
Stormy Monday
Long Red
Who Am I But You And The Sun
Beside The Sea
For Yasgur's Farm
You and Me
Theme For An Imaginary Western
Waiting To Take You Away
Dreams of Milk and Honey
Blind Man
Blue Suede Shoes
Southbound Train

Janis Joplin
Raise Your Hand
As Good As You've Been To This World
To Love Somebody
Try (Just A Little Bit Harder)
Kosmic Blues
Can't Turn you Loose
Work Me Lord
Piece of My Heart
Ball and Chain

Sly & the Family Stone (Took the stage at 1:30 am)
Sing A Simple Song
You Can Make It If You Try
Everyday People
Dance To The Music
I Want To Take You Higher
Love City
Grateful Dead
St. Stephen
Mama Tried
Dark Star/High Time
Turn On Your Love Light

Creedence Clearwater Revival
Born on the Bayou
Green River
Ninety-Nine and a Half (Won't Do)
Bad Moon Rising
Proud Mary
I Put A Spell On You
Night Time is the Right Time
Keep On Chooglin'
Suzy Q

The Who (Took the stage at 3 AM)
Heaven and Hell
I Can't Explain
It's a Boy
Amazing Journey
Eyesight to the Blind
Tommy Can You Hear Me?
Acid Queen
Pinball Wizard
Fiddle About
There's a Doctor
Go to the Mirror
Smash the Mirror
I'm Free
Tommy's Holiday Camp
We're Not Gonna Take It
See Me, Feel Me
Summertime Blues
Shakin' All Over
My Generation
Naked Eye

Jefferson Airplane (Took the stage at 8 a.m.)
Somebody To Love
The Other Side of This Life
Plastic Fantastic Lover
Won't You Try/Saturday Afternoon
Eskimo Blue Day
Uncle Sam's Blues
White Rabbit

Sunday, August 17 to Monday, August 18
Joe Cocker
Delta Lady
Some Things Goin' On
Let's Go Get Stoned
I Shall Be Released
With a Little Help from My Friends

A storm disrupted the events for several hours.

Country Joe and the Fish (Took the stage around 6 p.m.)
Rock and Soul Music
Thing Called Love
Love Machine
The "Fish" Cheer/I-Feel-Like-I'm-Fixin'-To-Die Rag

Ten Years After
Good Morning Little Schoolgirl
I Can't Keep From Crying Sometimes
I May Be Wrong, But I Won't Be Wrong Always
Hear Me Calling
I'm Going Home

The Band
Chest Fever
Tears of Rage
We Can Talk
Don't You Tell Henry
Don't Do It
Ain't No More Cane
Long Black Veil
This Wheel's On Fire
I Shall Be Released
The Weight
Loving You Is Sweeter Than Ever

Blood, Sweat and Tears (Took the stage around midnight)
More and More
I Love You Baby More Than You Ever Know
Spinning Wheel
I Stand Accused
Something Coming On

Johnny Winter  and his brother Edgar Winter
Mama, Talk to Your Daughter
To Tell the Truth
Johnny B. Goode
Six Feet In the Ground
Leland Mississippi Blues/Rock Me Baby
Mean Mistreater
I Can't Stand It (With Edgar Winter)
Tobacco Road (With Edgar Winter)
Mean Town Blues

Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young (Took the stage around 3 a.m.)
Acoustic Set
Suite: Judy Blue Eyes
Helplessly Hoping
Marrakesh Express
4 + 20
Mr. Soul
You Don't Have To Cry
Electric Set
Pre-Road Downs
Long Time Gone
Sea of Madness
Wooden Ships
Find the Cost of Freedom
49 Bye-Byes

Paul Butterfield Blues Band
Everything's Gonna Be Alright
Born Under A Bad Sign
Morning Sunrise
Love March

Na Na Theme
Yakety Yak
Teen Angel
Jailhouse Rock
Wipe Out
(Who Wrote) The Book of Love
Duke of Earl
At the Hop
Na Na Theme

Jimi Hendrix, who insisted on being the final performer at the festival, did not take the stage until nine o'clock on Monday morning. He was supposed to begin at midnight, the day before. By the time he took the stage, the crowd of  over 400,000 had dwindled to about 80,000 or less.  His set lasted two hours -- the longest of his career -- and featured 17 songs.
Message to Love
Hear My Train A Comin'
Spanish Castle Magic
Red House
Lover Man
Foxy Lady
Jam Back At The House
Gypsy Woman
Voodoo Child (Slight Return)/Stepping Stone
Star Spangled Banner
Purple Haze
Woodstock Improvisation
Villanova Junction
Hey Joe

Cancelled appearances at Woodstock
    The Jeff Beck Group was scheduled to perform at Woodstock, but broke up a week before the concert began.
Iron Butterfly was stuck at an airport and didn’t make it.
Neil Young joined Crosby, Stills & Nash, but refused to be filmed.
Joni Mitchell was booked to perform but her agent decided that  it was more important that she appear on "The Dick Cavett Show"

Canadian band Lighthouse was scheduled to play but backed out, concerned that the concert would harm their image.

Refused Invitations to play
 John Lennon offered to play with his Plastic Ono Band. The promoters wanted him AND the Beatles and turned his offer.
The Doors were considered as a potential performing band, but cancelled at the last moment. Lead singer Jim Morrison disliked performing in large outdoor venues.
Led Zeppelin but their manager refused the offer.
Jethro Tull backed out because they didn’t think anyone would attend a concert so far upstate.
The Moody Blues declined to perform so did Tommy James and the Shondells Lead singer Tommy James stated later, "We could have just kicked ourselves. We were in Hawaii, and my secretary called and said, 'Yeah, listen, there's this pig farmer in upstate New York that wants you to play in his field.' That's how it was put to me. So we passed, and we realized what we'd missed a couple of days later."

The Byrds refused an offer to play, so did Paul Revere &  the Raiders, (above) Frank Zappa and The Mothers of Invention and Bob Dylan had to pull out because his son was ill.

Woodstock Trivia
   John Sebastian was enlisted to perform when several of the acts were late in arriving.
Richie Havens's song "Freedom" was improvised. He was called back for so many encores that he ran out of songs to sing, so he started singing "Freedom." The song includes lyrics from the Negro spiritual, "Sometimes I Feel Like a Motherless Child."
Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young took a helicopter when, less than 25 feet off the ground, the tail rotor failed and it began to spin causing the copter to almost crash.
The original idea was to have Roy Rogers close the festival by singing "Happy Trails."
The character named "Woodstock" from Peanuts was named for the festival

R&B Top Hits of the Sixties

Georgia on My Mind by Ray Charles (#1 Billboard Chart)
Save the Last Dance for Me by The Drifters (#1 Billboard Chart)
Chain Gang by Sam Cooke (#2 Billboard Chart)
Handyman by Jimmy Jones (#2 Billboard Chart)
Walking to New Orleans by Fats Domino (#6 Billboard Chart)
Finger Poppin' Time by Hank Ballard (#7 Billboard Chart)
You Got What It Takes by Marv Johnson (#10 Billboard Chart)
Wonderful World by Sam Cooke (#12 Billboard Chart)
Talk that Talk by Jackie Wilson (#34 Billboard Chart)
Fannie Mae by Buster Brown (#38 Billboard Chart)
Tonight's the Night by The Shirelles (#39 Billboard Chart)

Hit the Road Jack by Ray Charles (#1 Billboard Chart)
Will You Love Me Tomorrow by The Shirelles (#1 Billboard Chart)
Please Mr. Postman by The Marvelettes (#1 Billboard Chart)
Shop Around by The Miracles (#2 Billboard Chart)
Daddy's Home by Shep & The Limeliters (#2 Billboard Chart)
My True Story by The Jive Five (#3 Billboard Chart)
Stand by Me by Ben E. King (#4 Billboard Chart)
But I Do by Clarence "Frogman" Henry (#4 Billboard Chart)
Pretty Little Angel Eyes by Curtis Lee (#7 Billboard Chart)
You Can Have Her by Roy Hamilton (#12 Billboard Chart)
A Little Bit of Soap by The Jarmels (#12 Billboard Chart)
I Count the Tears by The Drifters (#17 Billboard Chart)
Cupid by Sam Cooke (#17 Billboard Chart)
Some Kind of Wonderful by The Drifters (#32 Billboard Chart)
I Can't Stop Loving You by Ray Charles (#1 Billboard Chart)
Do You Love Me by The Contours (#3 Billboard Chart)
Green Onions by Booker T & The MGs (#3 Billboard Chart)
I Know (You Don't Love Me No More) by Barbara George (#3 Billboard Chart)
Lover Please by Clyde McPhatter (#7 Billboard Chart)
What's Your Name by Don and Juan (#7 Billboard Chart)
Baby Its You by The Shirelles (#8 Billboard Chart)
Twistin' The Night Away by Sam Cooke (#9 Billboard Chart)
Unchain My Heart by Ray Charles (#9 Billboard Chart)
Don't Play That Song (You Lied) by Ben E. King (#11 Billboard Chart)
Bring It On Home to Me by Sam Cooke (#13 Billboard Chart)
A Wonderful Dream by The Majors (#22 Billboard Chart)
Cry to Me by Solomon Burke (#44 Billboard Chart)

Fingertips by Stevie Wonder (#1 Billboard Chart)
He's So Fine by The Chiffons (#1 Billboard Chart)
So Much in Love by The Tymes (#1 Billboard Chart)
Hello Stranger by Barbara Lewis (#3 Billboard Chart)
South Street by The Orlons (#3 Billboard Chart)

Heat Wave by Martha & The Vandellas (Above)  (#4 Billboard Chart)
Cry Baby by Garnett Mimms & The Enchanters (#4 Billboard Chart)
Foolish Little Girl by The Shirelles (#4 Billboard Chart)
One Fine Day by The Chiffons (#5 Billboard Chart)
Pride and Joy by Marvin Gaye (#10 Billboard Chart)
I (Who Have Nothing) by Ben E. King (#29 Billboard Chart)

Baby Love by The Supremes (#1 Billboard Chart)
Dancing in the Street by Martha & The Vandellas (#2 Billboard Chart)
Under the Boardwalk by The Drifters (#4 Billboard Chart)
Let It Be Me by Betty Everett and Jerry Butler (#5 Billboard Chart)
Goin' Out of My Head by Little Anthony & The Imperials (#6 Billboard Chart)
I Wanna Love Him So Bad by The Jelly Beans (#9 Billboard Chart)
What Kind of Fool (Do You Think I Am) by The Tams (#9 Billboard Chart)
Baby I Need Your Loving by The Four Tops (#11 Billboard Chart)
Every Little Bit Hurts by Brenda Holloway (#13 Billboard Chart)
Without the One You Love  by The Four Tops (#43 Billboard Chart)

I Can't Help Myself by The Four Tops (#1 Billboard Chart)
Stop! In the Name of Love by The Supremes (#1 Billboard Chart)
My Girl by The Temptations (#1 Billboard Chart)
I Got You (I Feel Good) by James Brown (#3 Billboard Chart)
Rescue Me by Fontella Bass (#4 Billboard Chart)
Yes I'm Ready by Barbara Mason (#5 Billboard Chart)
Nowhere to Run by Martha & The Vandellas (#8 Billboard Chart)
Hold Me, Thrill Me, Kiss Me by Mel Carter (#8 Billboard Chart)
The Boy From New York City by The Ad Libs (#8 Billboard Chart)
I'll Be Doggone by Marvin Gaye (#8 Billboard Chart)
Hurt So Bad by Little Anthony & The Imperials (#10 Billboard Chart)
Baby I'm Yours by Barbara Lewis (#11 Billboard Chart)
Make Me Your Baby by Barbara Lewis (#11 Billboard Chart)
The Tracks of My Tears by The Miracles (#16 Billboard Chart)
In the Midnight Hour by Wilson Pickett (#21 Billboard Chart)
You Can't Hurry Love by The Supremes (#1 Billboard Chart)
Reach Out I'll Be There by The Four Tops (#1 Billboard Chart)
When a Man Loves a Woman by Percy Sledge (#1 Billboard Chart)
I'm Your Puppet by James & Bobby Purify (#6 Billboard Chart)
What Becomes of the Brokenhearted by Jimmy Ruffin (#7 Billboard Chart)
It's a Man's Man's Man's World by James Brown (#8 Billboard Chart)
Sweet Talkin' Guy by The Chiffons (#10 Billboard Chart)
This Old Heart of Mine by the Isley Brothers (#12 Billboard Chart)
Love is a Hurtin' Thing by Lou Rawls (#13 Billboard Chart)
634-5789 (Soulsville, U.S.A.) by Wilson Pickett (#13 Billboard Chart)
Ain't Too Proud to Beg by The Temptations (#13 Billboard Chart)
Warm and Tender Love by Percy Sledge (#17 Billboard Chart)
How Sweet It Is by Jr. Walker & the All Stars) (#18 Billboard Chart)
It Tears Me Up by Percy Sledge (#20 Billboard Chart)
Mustang Sally by Wilson Pickett (#23 Billboard Chart)

Respect by Aretha Franklin (#1 Billboard Chart)
Soul Man by Sam & Dave (#2 Billboard Chart)
I Was Made to Love Her by Stevie Wonder (#2 Billboard Chart)
Reflections by Diana Ross & The Supremes (#2 Billboard Chart)
Tell It Like It Is by Aaron Neville (#2 Billboard Chart)
Sweet Soul Music by Arthur Conley (#2 Billboard Chart)
I Second that Emotion by Smokey Robinson & The Miracles (#4 Billboard Chart)

Higher and Higher by Jackie Wilson (Above) (#6 Billboard Chart)
Apple, Peaches and Pumpkin Pie by Jay & The Techniques (#6 Billboard Chart)
A Natural Woman by Aretha Franklin (#8 Billboard Chart)
Gimme Little Sign by Brenton Wood (#9 Billboard Chart)
Ain't No Mountain by Marvin Gaye/ Tammi Terrell (#19 Billboard Chart)
Shake a Tail Feather by James & Bobby Purify (#25 Billboard Chart)
Try a Little Tenderness by Otis Redding (#25 Billboard Chart)

I Heard it through the Grapevine by Marvin Gaye (#1 Billboard Chart)
(Sittin' On) The Dock of the Baby by Otis Redding (#1 Billboard Chart)
Chain of Fools by Aretha Franklin (#2 Billboard Chart)
I Wish it Would Rain by The Temptations (#4 Billboard Chart)
La La Means I Love You by The Delfonics (Above) (#4 Billboard Chart)
Girl Watcher by The O'Kaysions (#5 Billboard Chart)
Slip Away by Clarence Carter (#6 Billboard Chart)
Think by Aretha Franklin (#7 Billboard Chart)
Cowboys to Girls by The Intruders (#6 Billboard Chart)
I Thank You by Sam & Dave (#9 Billboard Chart)
Build My Whole World by Marvin Gaye & Tammi Terrell (#10 Billboard Chart)
Take Time to Know Her by Percy Sledge (#11 Billboard Chart)
Walk Away Renee by The Four Tops (#14 Billboard Chart)

Someday We'll Be Together by Diana Ross & The Supremes (#1 Billboard Chart)
I'm Gonna Make You Love Me by Supremes & Temptations (#2 Billboard Chart)
It's Your Thing by The Isley Brothers (#2 Billboard Chart)
Only The Strong Survive by Jerry Butler (#4 Billboard Chart)

What Does It Take by Jr. Walker & The All Stars (Above)  (#4 Billboard Chart)
Baby, Baby Don't Cry by Smokey Robinson & The Miracles (#8 Billboard Chart)

Backfield in Motion by Mel & Tim (#10 Billboard Chart)

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