All successful men have agreed in One thing -- they were causationists. They believed that things went not by luck but by law; that there was not a weak or a cracked link in the chain that joins the first and last of things. Emerson
300 quotes from Emerson
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HERE'S A SHORT STORY I WROTE.........................
The Arranged Time
A short story
John William Tuohy
Thisby waited in the very back of the Diner, in the shadows, away from the windows. He told his wife he was going bowling, and that he would be home by 7:30, maybe 8:00. It was 5:30. He was late but he would be there.
She was dressed in red. This was her Valentine’s Day. She watched an exhausted looking, heavyset young black woman in a security guard’s uniform step off the New Haven bus and walk out into the pouring rain.
When the waitress arrived, she ordered her usual, a diet plate with water. When the waitress left she looked herself over and decided, once again, that she was heavy in all the wrong places and the salad and ice water was another last-ditch attempt to fight back. What she wanted was a turkey club with fries and a shake. In fact, it’s usually what she ordered when she wasn’t waiting for him. But he would be there any minute now. He could never give her an exact time, and shortly after he arrived, she would follow him to the Motel 6 up on Route 8, always three cars’ lengths behind him, to be sure they weren’t followed. He’d have her clothes off in minutes and she wanted to look good, and if she couldn’t look good, she would at least not look too fat.
This waiting was always the same. She munched on her saltines and cottage cheese and waited. She wondered if the school counselor was right when he had said that her problem was that she didn’t think much of herself. She wondered if that was why she drank too much, and often wondered if she was an alcoholic.
She came from the working poor. Everything she had ever owned was old, or used, or mended. Even now, she barely made enough to buy anything new. In the twenty years of her life that she had never taken any friends into the house because she didn’t want them to see the way she lived. She thought that one day she would move out and get her own place but also thought she might live there for the next thirty years, until she died, and they would find her lying on the couch. She’d have been there for a while. She would die from alcohol and cigarettes. She loved him but she was beginning to think he didn’t love her as he said he did. Maybe he was just using her for sex. She knew his wife from school. She was pretty and tall, and men acted stupid when she was around. She felt guilty for what she was doing. He told her that he wasn’t happy. He said he married too quickly. He should have waited. He promised to leave her. She believed him a lot at first, but now, not so much.
She knew she was homely, that her chubby face was scarred, ravaged really, with acne. She was aware that her hair was a frenzied shock of brown that leaped into a dozen different directions at once and, adding insult to injury, she was short, shorter than most people, but wider than most.
That morning, she had taken an early lunch with people from her office including that new guy from accounting, the one with the blue eyes. They were walking back to the office, talking and having fun when a car full of teens drove by and one screamed, “Get off the road, lard ass!”
The cute guy from accounting heard it but all she could do was to pretend as if she didn't hear. But you know all the time that he’s standing there thinking, “I hope she didn't hear that.”
She loved him. She loved him from the moment she first saw him in the hallway in junior high, eight years ago? She would go on loving him until the day she died. It wasn’t fair. One day he strolled into her life and smiled at her and her life wasn’t her own anymore. She was a hostage of sorts. That was how she reasoned it all away. That love had taken her hostage bit by bit. First it captured her imagination, and then it stole her heart, and finally it took her soul.
She wondered what would happen if she ended it. What they were doing was wrong and it bothered her. It made her feel cheap. He made her feel cheap. She could stop the pain he caused her and she could stop it now. She could end it tonight, now, here, at this moment. All she had to do was get up and leave.
Popular Quotes Translated to Latin
By Brittany Britanniae in Latin Language
The following quotes are done with the simplest form and are meant to be fun! While, I did not translate certain words such as “damn” and “chocolates” etc.; this was due to a stylistic approach or a lack of an ancient words. Also, it should be noted to those new to Latin that the word order is rarely the same as in English, i.e: Latin more commonly puts the verb at the end of the sentence. However for the newer students of this language, I did include some repetitive language, uses of “sum” that usually would be omitted, and attempted to keep the English word order for a majority of the sentences.Enjoy!
“Shark! Shark!” “Pistrix! Pistrix!”
“Frankly,my Dear, I don’t give a damn” “Vere, mea cara, non mihi curae est”
“There’s no place like home.” “Nullus est locus simlis domui.”
“E.T Phone Home” “E.T domum vocat”
“Life was like a box of chocolates. You never know what you’re gonna get.”
“Vita arcae dulcium similis est. Numquam scis quae impetrabis.”
“I’m the king of the world!” “Rex mundi sum!”
“Who’s on first?” “qui in primum est?”
“Beam me up, Scotty!” “Me transmitte sursum, Caledoni!”
“What we do in life echoes in eternity.” “Quod in vita facimus, in aeternum resonat.”
“A reader lives a thousand lives before he dies. The man who never reads lives only one.”
“Ante lector morit quam millia vitas vivet. Autem ille, qui numquam legit, una vita sola digit.”
– George R.R.Martin, A Dance With Dragons
“It does not do to dwell on dreams and forget to live.”
“Non decet somnia cogitare et oblivisci vitae.”
-J.K Rowling, Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone
“I am no bird; and no net ensnares me: I am a free human being with an independent will.”
“Avis non sum; et non rete me irretit: libera sum mortalis cum voluntate libera.”
Charlotte Bronte, Jane Eyre
“Our lives are defined by opportunities, even the ones we miss.”
“Nostrae ab opportunitatibus vitae formaverunt, etaim ab quoque non attactis opportunitatibus.”
F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Curious Case Of Benjamin Button
“All that is gold does not glitter, Not all those who wander are lost;”
“Omne, quod est aurum, non fulget, Non omnes vagantes aberrant;”
-J.R.R Tolkien, The Fellowship of the Ring
“Don’t cry because it’s over, smile because it happened.”
“Noli lacrimare quoniam terminauit, subride quia evenit.”
― Dr. Seuss
“Fortune favors the bold.”
“Audentes fortuna iuuat.”
– Ancient Proverb
“Always Faithful or Loyal”
Semper Fidelis [Semper Fi]
-Motto of the U.S Marine Corps
“Be the change that you wish to see in the world.”
“Esto ea mutatio quam videre vis in mundo.”
― Mahatma Gandhi
“Nosce te ipsum!”or “Nosce te ipsam!”
“Love conquers all.”
“Amor vincit Omnia.”
“Quidquid latine dictum sit, altum videtur.” —”Whatever is said in Latin seems profound.”
HERE'S A PLAY I WROTE...................................
A DAY AT THE OFFICE
A ten-minute play in four scenes
John William Tuohy
Shaqunda: A poor women in her early twenties. Could be portrayed as a Black woman.
Tommy: A man in his mid to late twenties/ can be acted as a female with name change. No need to contact author if this is done
Enrique: Ideally a Hispanic male, but can be portrayed as any immigrant or as a female
Ms. Arthur: A female any age
Lara: A woman in her late twenties to early forties
An office building,
Guard station, Lobby
Clock on the wall 8:45 AM
Shaqunda sit at the guard’s desk
Mama? I had to leave the babies at the house alone (Beat) Cleveland there. (Beat) Mama I know he nine. I’m his mother but what else I gonna do? (Beat) I’m so tired. I got to sleep. I can’t. My mind lay down for the night and it don’t turn off ‘What’s gonna happen next?’ I got to move. Cops busted into the apartment next door last night, what time was that, three o’clock in the morning I think. Punks deal’n their dope. They know it won’t me that call the cops, phone turned off. Seen that cockroach walk across the table this morning, I hope to God my baby didn’t see it, but he smart he sees everything. Mama can you get over there this morning? The lines ringing. I got to go (Beat) Security, lobby (Beat. Whispers into the phone) Where you at? (Beat) At the corner? The babies wif you? I told you don’t leave them babies alone like that. (Beat) I know the water cold, but you got to be clean. Just jump in an jump out. (Beat) I know it cold, take the babies and go in the kitchen, bring the TV wif you. Turn the burners on the stove all the way over till they don’t go no more, it get warmer in there quicker. I call ya later. Don’t call here less somebody hurt. (Beat) No you can’t go to school today Mama got to work today, you go tomorrow. (Enrique the janitor walks by with a mop and pail. She hangs up the phone)Next month the water be warm’ I’m sixty dollars short for having the gas bill paid and they turn it back on. I beg that utility man not to turn off that gas. I begged him. Paycheck come, I pay something to it but I got do some good shopping. I got a dollar sixty-five for the bus, if I wait up until after seven I can save sixty-five cents. I know I got 45 cents on bureau at home, that’s a dollar and ten cent. A box a instant macaroni is a dollar twenty-five twelve, thirteen, fourteen fifteen thank you Jesus. Why it so expensive to be poor? If I didn’t have to shop at the convenience store, what little money I got, go a long further than it do. But I can’t walk all them blocks to that super market. I’m so tired but wait until after seven to get the reduce fare. It so cold, what am I gonna do for two and half-hours. They say money won’t bring happiness. Give me a chance to prove that ain’t right.
She looks around to make sure the hall is empty. She closes her eyes and lowers her head
I got faith in my lord, that he gonna come and help me. I know he will cause I asked for him to help me. No doubt in my mind he will help me. You got to faith or you got to have doubt. There ain’t room in the human mind for both so please Jesus, don’t let that toothache come back again today. I can’t wait in the emergency room for eight hours over a toothache. I axe for dis Jesus name Amen. (She opens her eyes and raises her head and speaks aloud)
Enter Heather Louis
Clarice say she heard that the state gonna offer insurance to poor people wif no job so they can go to the hospital when they sick. I don’t think that true. (She rifles through her purse and takes out a cosmetic kit and looks in a mirror)
Heather Louis thumbs through the newspaper on the lobby desk
Probably not. We’re a first world country with a third world health policy for out citizens.
Why?. Why is that?
Because we’re a great country and we make great mistake
SHAQUNDA (LOOKING IN HAND HELD MIRROR)
I could be pretty. I ain’t ugly. Look that nose. He broke my nose and that’s how it got fixed, just growed that way. They say down at the clinic they can’t pay for it because it would be cosmetic. Welfare don’t pay cosmetic; make sure the poor stay ugly.
Your not ugly, Shaqunda
Gonna to die before I'm 30 anyway.
Oh stop now
Broke my nose. I throw’d that man out I told him I said “You can slap my face and knock me around and kick me down and stomp me, but you can not, I swear God himself, you can not beat the self respect out of me!”
Why I always got to rely on people who don’t give a damn about me? All my life its been like that.
She looks around and then takes the want ads from the newspaper and reads them
TOMMY comes out of the mailroom and stops by her desk. She silently takes a few pages of the want ads and reads them
“Career opportunity.” Yeah I been there. That means they expect you to want to ask “
‘Ya all want fries with that’ until you 65. I can’t work in those burger places no more.
Wear you down. Some boy almost half my age yell’n and scream’n at me to move faster
They French fries fool, not vital medicine! “Duties will vary” that means anybody who works there can tell me what to do.
TOMMY (READING THE PAPER)
Company seeks self- motivated individual…. Casual work atmosphere, we don’t pay you enough to dress up
You remember that job in the storage company I applied for?
It still open. Now that’s a good job. Good pay, full benefits, everything. And that man liked me. He say he hire me. He understood that I didn’t have no phone to call and everything. But it’s way up in out county, I can’t get out there everyday. Cost me more than he could pay me.
All I gave up to get that GED and it don’t make a danged difference. When you poor you believe in anything, even the GED. I can get into the community college, only thing I can study is an associate in arts and that’s gonna take me four five years…..for a two year degree.
I need this job, eight dollars an hour and benefits after 120 days, that’s a good deal. The man say sometimes they got over time. Can’t make too much less the welfare say my babies lose their food stamps. Last job they was slick, cut me back an hour here and there so they don’t have to pay benefits. You k now what?
What’s that babe?
When you poor you just run in place all the time, its so hard to stop being poor, and its sad how few options you really got
Keep the faith, kiddo
Enter Enrique with a bucket and mop. He is between Shaqunda and the choir
Ola Senior Enrique!
Enrique stops and points at Mark
You see? That’s so American. You know in my country, a person like you, in your position, he don’t even look at a man like me. In my country, you know how they treat you? Like this (Slaps his open hands together) Bam! Like that. They call to you like this (He snaps his fingers) No Respect! Because they know if you work with your hands, you are nobody! (He wipes unseen dirt from his hands) But in America it’s like this (He takes his cap from his head and holds it respectfully on his chest and gives a frozen smile and speaks Anglo) “Why yes, please, when you get a moment, would you please look into that for me?” (He pauses as if listening intently) “Oh there is no rush! Whenever you can! Please and thank you very much!” …You know why they talks like this? Because in America you don’t know who anybody is by what they do. The waitress who brings you your eggs could have a PhD. You don’t know, today she’s a waitress and tomorrow she runs the world so you better be nice to her now.
That’s how America is. But also, you know what these North Americans say? They say (speaking Anglo) “There is no shame in an honest days work” (He stops and thinks and then smiles) I like that. In America, they respect the work you do and not the kind of work you do. Nobody is going to judge me on what I accomplished. They judge me on what they think I can accomplish. But these North Americans… That’s what they don’t get it. They think this country
it’s about freedom. That’s not it. Everybody they got freedom. My country got freedom.
What America don’t got…..don’t have…you say don’t got or don’t have?
What America don’t got and have is the past. In my country everything, everything, everything is the past. “Who was your father?” “Who was your mother?” My country is a country of history. America is a country of a really good idea.
My children are educated here in the United States. They know so many things. They know English. They say to me “Papa, English borrows from other languages” I don’t think so. I think English follows other languages down dark alleys, knocks them over the head, and goes through their pockets for loose grammar and then runs like hell. You ever listen to these Americans? You can be bare but you cannot be a bear. It don’t work because it’s out of whack….will somebody please tell me…what the hell is a whack and where do I buy it?
They sell Turkey ham. What the hell is that?
They have victimless crime. (Beat) How?
Act naturally. Legally drunk. So there is illegally drunk?
Oh my I have a terrific headache from watching that tragic comedy. Be careful, that is wet drywall. Yes, in fact, I would like a whole piece because it’s wicked good. Yes, I’m taking a working vacation. There is no egg in eggplant, it’s a vegetable.
Ms. Arthur, the boss, walks by.
I gotta get back to work
One is a moose but two is not meese. Hammers don't ham but writers write and grocers don’t gross but farmers do produce produce. Desert and desert. You explain, I can’t
Remember Mark, somethin open in the mailroom, I’m your girl
You park in a driveway and drive on a parkway. The second hand on a watch I understand, but why are not the other two the first hand and the third hand.
I know, I’ll take care of you
Exit Heather Louis
Miss Shaqunda, you think if Mister Mark hires you for the mailroom, I can do your job?
SHAQUNDA (She waves majestically)
It all yours...you gotta believe in somethin’ I suppose
Lights fade on stage left and center
Lights on stage right
Enrique is mopping a floor outside Ms. Arthur’s office. You can’t see the person he is speaking to.
It’s partially completed and a real fantasy. You fill in a form by filling it out ad there no apple or pine in a pineapple. I know because I looked for it. Pretty ugly….explain that…...
Good morning! Join us for happy hour later?
How are you feeling today?
Big, big headache. Not a kid anymore I guess
MS. ARTHUR (Smiling)
Hung over? Me? Naw. Little tired.
MS. ARTHUR (smiling)
You’re hung over
LARA (Smiling but just barely)
Oh yea of little faith! Look, I’m fine. I’m here right? That’s all that matters. I made it to the deck. I reported for work. (He smiles and winks) I’ll have an eye opener at an early lunch. It’ll be fine. It was a fun night huh?
MS. ARTHUR (Hands on hips)
No, it wasn’t. You pulled out a joint, lit it and insisted on passing it around to our customers. You embarrassed me, you embarrassed yourself and you embarrassed the company. You’ve gone from being the life of the party to the drunk at the party. Word about last night got back to the main office. I’m suppose to fire you. Look, I think you’re an alcoholic and you need help (BEAT) You’re a good person. You’re my best salesperson. You’re probably the best in the company. I like you. Hell, it’s impossible not to like you. You’re fun. But you’re a drunk.
I can’t believe your going to fire me
It’s a disease, so no, I won’t fire you. But I won’t be made a damn fool of and I won’t make empty threats. I will not allow you to take advantage of me or others in this firm. I’ve put some thought into this and it’s my goal to be decent and reasonable with you, but get this straight. I won’t cover up for you and I will not, nor will I allow anyone in this firm, to spare you the consequences of your drinking. I’ll fire anyone who lies for you and I’ll make damn sure no one pays your bills because you drank you commissions away. Here’s some literature I picked up for you. They have an AA meeting across the street in the basement of the Church at 5:30. I expect you to be there. You can do this, I got faith in you.
Lights fade on stage right
Lights on stage far right
Enrique is mopping a floor outside Ms. Arthur’s office. You can’t see the person he is speaking to.
Dear Tommy Thank you for your letter of June 1. After careful consideration, I regret to inform you that we are unable to offer you employment with our firm at this time. This year we have been particularly fortunate in receiving an unusually large number of application requests. With such a varied and promising field of candidates, it is impossible for us to accept all candidates. Despite your outstanding qualifications and previous experience, we find that your experience does not meet with our needs at this time. Therefore, we must pass on your application for the applied position. We wish you the best of luck in your career goals. Sincerely, Jane Foresman
He stares out into the audience for a second and then sits down and writes the following letter
Dear Jane. Thank you for your letter of June 6. After careful consideration, I regret to inform you that I am unable to accept your refusal to offer me a position with your company. This year I have been particularly fortunate in receiving an unusually large number of rejection letters. With such a varied and promising field of candidates, it is impossible for me to accept all refusals. Despite your firm’s outstanding qualifications and previous experience in rejecting me, I find that your rejection does not meet with my needs at this time. Therefore, I will initiate employment with your firm immediately. I look forward to working with you. See on Monday morning, 9 sharp. Best of luck in rejecting future candidates. Sincerely, TOMMY
He puts the phone down. Ms. Arthur walks into the room
I was just reading some of the ideas you were kind enough to write down and place in the company suggestion box. If you don’t want to get caught doing this again I suggest that the next time you not drop in suggestions written on your departmental letter head since you are the only person in the mail room department.
TOMMY hangs his head
Ma’me, if I could just explain
MS. ARTHUR (Not looking up at Tommy but reading)
Now here’s one. Beer in the soda machine. No I don’t think so. Hold the office Christmas party at McDonald’s play land. No I don’t think so. Pre-mixed martini’s in the soda machine, no I don’t think so, but original. Plant hedges around everybody’s cubicles. Again, original but I don’t think so. Same goes for ‘Place mosquito netting around cubicles.’, ‘Come to work in you’re Pajama’s Day” and ‘Hang mistletoe over everyone’s desk except for the ugly people day’ love it but I can’t go with it. Synchronized chair dancing, although it sounds lovely is also out as is you’re wonderful suggestion that we all place a photo of our mothers on our business cards.
Ma’me…I….I get bored. You got to do something to break the tension around here. This place is filled with tension. Even the computers have ulcers.
Pack up your stuff....
This isn’t fair, all I did was goof around
And bring them to the third floor on Monday morning. See Lara, she’ll show you the ropes.
She picks up the papers and waves them at Tommy as he starts to leave the room
and do more this stuff with her, maybe that’ll wake her up again…
She leaves but shouts over her shoulder
and find a replacement for yourself
Clock on the wall
5:00 PM The building lobby. Tommy is leaving at the same time and holds the door open for Enrique. They both leave. Ms. Arthur steps off the elevator with a top coat and a brief case. Lara steps off behind her. Before they leave they pause and shake hands. Shaqunda is alone in the lobby. She picks up the phone.
Mama? They hired me here. Thank you, thank you, thank you, thank you Jesus. I start in the mailroom on Monday. Twealve dollars an hour with health benefits, vacation. Oh Mama…
Enrique, in a winter coat, walks out of the janitors room, locks the door behind him wave’s goodbye to Shaqunda who is still on the phone. He stops and turns and walks to the security desk where he puts on the security guard hats, waves goodbye again and leaves.
You gotta have faith
By Orval Lund
On the maple wood we placed our elbows
and gripped hands, the object to bend
the other's arm to the kitchen table.
We flexed our arms and waited for the sign.
I once shot a wild goose.
I once stood not twenty feet from a buck deer unnoticed.
I've seen a woods full of pink lady slippers.
I once caught a 19-inch trout on a tiny fly.
I've seen the Pacific, I've seen the Atlantic,
I've watched whales in each.
I once heard Lenny Bruce tell jokes.
I've seen Sandy Koufax pitch a baseball.
I've heard Paul Desmond play the saxophone.
I've been to London to see the Queen.
I've had dinner with a Nobel Prize poet.
I wrote a poem once with every word but one just right.
I've fathered two fine sons
and loved the same woman for twenty-five years.
But I've never been more amazed
than when I snapped my father's arm down to the table.
AND A POEM BY ME........................................................................
BEFORE I SLEEP
Sometimes I scream
inside my head
just so my brain
will hear me and
stop talking and let me think.
I'm trying to teach myself Spanish and this is what I learned today..................
La nube (noo'-beh) cloud
1. Creo que esa es una nube de lluvia. Mejor nos llevamos el paraguas.
I think that that is a raincloud. We'd better take the umbrella.
2. El planeta de Júpiter tiene nubes de amoníaco.
The planet Jupiter has ammonia clouds.
SAMPLE FROM “NO TIME TO SAY GOODBYE”
By then I was a voracious reader. In those days, libraries gave to patrons blue cards stamped each time a book was borrowed. By the end of the year, I had gone through four cards and was working on my fifth.
I didn’t own any books until one day when I was in a five-and-dime store and found the first book I ever bought and owned, To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee. It cost eighty-five cents, or seven comic books, depending upon your age and value system in 1967.
So began my love affair with books. Years later, as a college student, I remember having a choice between a few slices of pizza that would have held me over for a day or a copy of On the Road. I bought the book. I would have forgotten what the pizza tasted like, but I still remember Kerouac.
The world was mine for the reading. I traveled with my books. I was there on a tramp steamer in the North Atlantic with the Hardy Boys, piecing together an unsolvable crime. I rode into the Valley of Death with the six hundred and I stood at the graves of Uncas and Cora and listened to the mournful song of the Lenni Linape. Although I braved a frozen death at Valley Forge and felt the spin of a hundred bullets at Shiloh, I was never afraid. I was there as much as you are where you are, right this second. I smelled the gunsmoke and tasted the frost. And it was good to be there. No one could harm me there. No one could punch me, slap me, call me stupid, or pretend I wasn’t in the room. The other kids raced through books so they could get the completion stamp on their library card. I didn’t care about that stupid completion stamp. I didn’t want to race through books. I wanted books to walk slowly through me, stop, and touch my brain and my memory. If a book couldn’t do that, it probably wasn’t a very good book. Besides, it isn’t how much you read, it’s what you read.
What I learned from books, from young Ben Franklin’s anger at his brother to Anne Frank’s longing for the way her life used to be, was that I wasn’t alone in my pain. All that caused me such anguish affected others, too, and that connected me to them and that connected me to my books. I loved everything about books. I loved that odd sensation of turning the final page, realizing the story had ended, and feeling that I was saying a last goodbye to a new friend.
In 1962, six year old John Tuohy, his two brothers and two sisters entered Connecticut’s foster care system and were prompltyl spilit apart. Over the next ten years, John would live in more then ten foster homes, group homes and state schools, from his native Waterbury to Ansonia, New Haven, West Haven, Deep River and Hartford. In the end, a decade later, the state returned him to the same home and the same parents they had taken him from. As tragic as is funny complelling story will make you cry and laugh as you journey with this child to overcome the obsticales of the foster care system and find his dreams.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
John William Tuohy is a writer who lives in Washington DC. He holds an MFA in writing from Lindenwood University. He is the author of numerous non-fiction on the history of organized crime including the ground break biography of bootlegger Roger Tuohy "When Capone's Mob Murdered Touhy" and "Guns and Glamour: A History of Organized Crime in Chicago."
His non-fiction crime short stories have appeared in The New Criminologist, American Mafia and other publications. John won the City of Chicago's Celtic Playfest for his work The Hannigan's of Beverly, and his short story fiction work, Karma Finds Franny Glass, appeared in AdmitTwo Magazine in October of 2008.
His play, Cyberdate.Com, was chosen for a public performance at the Actors Chapel in Manhattan in February of 2007 as part of the groups Reading Series for New York project. In June of 2008, the play won the Virginia Theater of The First Amendment Award for best new play.
THE WRITERS LIFE..................
“Serious writers write, inspired or not. Over time they discover that routine is a better friend than inspiration.” Ralph Keyes
“Writing is an exploration. You start from nothing and learn as you go.” E.L. Doctorow
“Write first and always. Painting, music, friends, cinema, all these come afterwards.” Henry Miller
Increased anxiety associated with sitting down
Low-energy activities that involve sitting down are associated with an increased risk of anxiety
Low energy activities that involve sitting down are associated with an increased risk of anxiety, according to research published in the open access journal BMC Public Health. These activities, which include watching TV, working at a computer or playing electronic games, are called sedentary behavior. Further understanding of these behaviors and how they may be linked to anxiety could help in developing strategies to deal with this mental health problem.
Many studies have shown that sedentary behavior is associated with physical health problems like obesity, heart disease, type 2 diabetes and osteoporosis. However, there has been little research into the link between sedentary behavior and mental health. This is the first systematic review to examine the relationship between anxiety and sedentary behavior.
Anxiety is a mental health illness that affects more than 27 million people worldwide. It is a debilitating illness that can result in people worrying excessively and can prevent people carrying out their daily life. It can also result in physical symptoms, which amongst others includes pounding heartbeat, difficulty breathing, tense muscles, and headaches.
Megan Teychenne, lead researcher and lecturer at Deakin University's Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research (C-PAN) in Australia, said: "Anecdotally -- we are seeing an increase in anxiety symptoms in our modern society, which seems to parallel the increase in sedentary behavior. Thus, we were interested to see whether these two factors were in fact linked. Also, since research has shown positive associations between sedentary behavior and depressive symptoms, this was another foundation for further investigating the link between sedentary behavior and anxiety symptoms."
C-PAN researchers analyzed the results of nine studies that specifically examined the association between sedentary behavior and anxiety. The studies varied in what they classified as sedentary behavior from television viewing/computer use to total sitting time, which included sitting while watching television, sitting while on transport and work-related sitting. Two of the studies included children/adolescents while the remaining seven included adults.
It was found in five of the nine studies that an increase in sedentary behavior was associated with an increased risk of anxiety. In four of the studies it was found that total sitting time was associated with increased risk of anxiety. The evidence about screen time (TV and computer use) was less strong but one study did find that 36% of high school students that had more than 2 hours of screen time were more like to experience anxiety compared to those who had less than 2 hours.
The C-PAN team suggests the link between sedentary behavior and anxiety could be due to disturbances in sleep patterns, social withdrawal theory and poor metabolic health. Social withdrawal theory proposes that prolonged sedentary behavior, such as television viewing, can lead to withdrawal from social relationships, which has been linked to increased anxiety. As most of the studies included in this systematic-review were cross-sectional the researchers say more follow-up work studies are required to confirm whether or not anxiety is caused by sedentary behavior.
Megan Teychenne said: "It is important that we understand the behavioral factors that may be linked to anxiety -- in order to be able to develop evidence-based strategies in preventing/managing this illness. Our research showed that evidence is available to suggest a positive association between sitting time and anxiety symptoms -- however, the direction of this relationship still needs to be determined through longitudinal and interventional studies."
The above post is reprinted from materials provided by BioMed Central. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.
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Lots Of Other Countries Mandate Paid Leave. Why Not The U.S.?
Secondary school teacher Sarah Ward at home on maternity leave with her 3-month-old daughter, Esme Kelliher. A resident of New Zealand, Ward has access to paid leave, something many American mothers do not. Fiona Goodall/Getty Images hide caption
itoggle caption Fiona Goodall/Getty Images
If you've been paying attention to the political news in the past couple of years, you know that the U.S. stands virtually alone in not mandating paid leave of any type for its workers.
It's hard to miss; the topic has become a top talking point for Democratic politicians. Hillary Clinton is advocating for stronger paid-leave policies on the campaign trail. In her Monday economic address, Clinton called for paid family leave as a way of helping women stay in the workforce. Sen. Bernie Sanders, her closest rival for the Democratic nomination, has advocated both paid vacation and paid maternity leave on the campaign trail. In addition, some cities and states have started instituting their own sick leave policies.
President Obama likewise brought new attention to paid leave this year as well, when he pointed out in his State of the Union address that the U.S. is the only advanced economy that doesn't mandate paid sick or maternity leave for its workers.
He was right about that — it's true that most American workers are covered by the Family Medical Leave Act, which allows workers up to 12 weeks of leave per year to care for family members. But that leave is unpaid.
Here, for example, is where the U.S. stands on paid maternity leave in comparison with other countries in the OECD, a group of highly developed economies:
The U.S. is the only one that doesn't mandate paid maternity leave. Likewise, the U.S. is one of nine OECD countries that have no leave policies in place for fathers.
It's not just parental leave, of course — when it comes to vacation, the U.S. is also unique. The chart below shows combined mandatory vacation days and federal holidays in all OECD nations. All of the U.S. days represented below are federal holidays (which are also not guaranteed days off for all workers); the rest of the nations mandate paid vacation days in addition.
It's a similar story on sick days — among high-income countries, the U.S. alone does not mandate sick leave, according to data compiled by the World Policy Forum.
It's not at all new to point this out, but data like these pose a tougher question: How did it get this way? Why is the U.S. so different from the rest of the world in not giving workers paid days off?
You could write an entire book about the complicated forces at work here, but a mix of a few big factors has helped set this scene: The aftermath of World War II, business lobbying, a diminished American labor movement, and the American love of individualism and bootstrap-pulling all have combined to help keep the U.S. alone in not giving its workers paid leave.
American Democracy Is Different
One way of thinking about why the U.S. stands alone on paid leave is to zoom way, way out and consider how Americans think about democracy in general — another area where Americans are arguably unique.
Political scientist Seymour Martin Lipset spent much of his career thinking about American exceptionalism — trying to understand what exactly makes the U.S. such a strange creature. Our voting rates are low, but our volunteering rates are high, he pointed out. We're deeply religious. And while some European democracies went in a more socialist direction, the U.S. veered the other way.
For a variety of reasons, Lipset argued, Americans have a different way of thinking about their democracy — the young American democracy was founded with values like individualism and equality of opportunity at its center. And unlike many European democracies, the U.S. has never been a monarchy or a feudal society — that means there's less awareness of class divisions and less deference to the state in the U.S., Lipset writes. He also proposes a similar explanation for how labor parties and trade unions managed to be stronger in other countries but not in the U.S. — where there's less class awareness, there's less likelihood to join unions. (This is just one of many factors he uses to explain U.S. unions' relative weakness, however.)
It's easy to see how that might play out in the realm of paid-leave policies. First of all, with less labor power, there's less support of these sorts of policies. But in addition, when it comes to social class, individualistic, ambitious Americans think of not where they are but where they assume they eventually could be.
"[Lipset's] argument was that Americans identify with the social class that they aspire to rather than the social class that they were in," explains Peter Cappelli, professor of management at the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania. "So Americans have a lot of sympathy for small business because American people you would have thought were workers historically thought of themselves as potentially being small-business people."
The result is that Americans tend to have a bit more sympathy for business — after all, when we all own our own shops someday, we won't want our hands tied by any more regulations than absolutely necessary.
How World War II Explains U.S. Maternity Leave
It's not just that America's attitudes differ from the rest of the world's; the gap in parental leave in particular also has its roots in the aftermath of the world wars.
"The European social democracies that emerged after WWII all wanted paid leave policies (some had them earlier) in part because of their concern about replenishing the population," Ruth Milkman, a professor of sociology at CUNY, wrote in an email.
Europe suffered both massive casualties and massive damage to its infrastructure, Milkman explains, and it needed to get more people into the workplace. That meant helping women get into work. Meanwhile, when the U.S. troops came home, it meant less of a need for women in the workplace.
"Here in the U.S., while the war was going on, you had women in jobs in factories and in all kinds of jobs the men had held. But women went home" when the soldiers returned from the war, explains Debra Ness, president of the National Partnership on Women and Families. And with all of those women returning to the home, there was less of a reason to create policies that helped them stay in the workplace.
A Loud Business Voice
One other force opposing paid leave is the business community. Trade groups like the National Federation of Independent Business and chambers of commerce at the state and national levels have repeatedly opposed paid-leave policies. In 2007, one U.S. Chamber of Commerce official said his organization would wage "all-out war" against paid-leave laws.
Businesses are not opposed to paid leave itself; 65 percent of U.S. civilian workers have paid sick leave, and 74 percent have paid vacation, according to the Labor Department. (The numbers are, however, slimmer for paid family leave — only 12 percent of private sector workers have access to that.)
But those in the business community say they're opposed to the government telling businesses how to institute those policies. Paid leave is expensive, they argue, and businesses should all be able to figure it out on their own.
"The challenge with mandates is it is a government one-size-fits-all approach that tries to bring all of these unique workforces and workplaces under this one-size-fits-all approach," says Lisa Horn, spokeswoman at the Society for Human Resource Management, a trade group for HR workers. "It limits workplace flexibility and company innovation in this area."
The U.S.'s campaign finance system helps businesses keep these laws off the books, says one expert.
"Money plays a role in politics in many countries, but the extent to which the amount of dollars [is] spent on campaigns in the United States just dwarfs the amount spent in campaigns elsewhere," says Jody Heymann, dean of the School of Public Health at UCLA. "The ability [to make] very large corporate contributions plays a much more substantial role in our elections than in other countries."
With paid leave a top issue for the two front-running Democratic presidential candidates, conservative groups that oppose paid-leave laws will certainly find themselves fighting this fight in 2016, just as big-spending liberal groups that support paid-leave laws, like unions, will be pushing the cause of inching the U.S. a little bit closer to its international peers in this area.
“Remember, no effort that we make to attain something beautiful is ever lost.”
“Trust in dreams, for in them is the hidden gate to eternity.” Kahlil Gibran
GOOD WORDS TO HAVE
Some people believe that weasels can suck the insides out of an egg without damaging the shell, so that an egg thus weasel-treated would look fine on the outside but would actually be empty and useless. It was this supposed behavior on the part of the weasel that led people to start using weasel word to refer to any term intended to give the impression that everything is fine when the speaker is really trying to avoid answering a question, telling the truth, or taking the blame for something.
White-livered: Cowardly From the former belief that a lack of vigor or courage was from a deficiency of bile which showed in a light-colored liver. Earliest documented use: 1546. Also known as lily-livered.
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Real Family Values: Planning for a Future that Ensures Dignity for an Aging Population
A Roman Catholic nun discusses her elder care.
By Emily Baxter
In the coming years, our nation will face myriad challenges related to the care of the growing number of aging Americans. Elder care encompasses many things, from health care to retirement security to the mental, physical, and financial costs of caring for those who cared for us. Current policies and practices for tending to the needs of elders are expensive, haphazard, and emotionally challenging. There is a great need for policies that help Americans care for their aging loved ones, and these policies must reflect real family values, including fully embracing the shared responsibility of ensuring that older Americans can age with dignity, fairness, and respect. At the same time, the decisions that elders and their families will—and, often, must—make in order to guarantee the dignity and safety of loved ones are as much values-based and emotionally laden choices as they are economic or financial necessities. Local communities and communities of faith throughout the country are meeting the challenges facing an aging population and those who care for them in both traditional and innovative ways.
Caring for those who cared for us can be both an emotionally and economically demanding experience, yet it is one that millions of Americans take on without hesitation. There were an estimated 46.2 million people in the United States over age 65 in 2014. Furthermore, 39.7 million people—16 percent of Americans over the age of 15—provide daily, unpaid care for at least one elder. The paid elder care workforce is growing as well: In 2014, 799,080 people worked as home health aides, an occupation that is growing much faster than other jobs and that is predicted to increase by 48 percent by 2022.
The Center for American Progress’ Faith and Progressive Policy Initiative believes that economic policies must address the needs of each group involved in the care of the aging—elders, their families and family caregivers, and the paid elder care workforce—as well as live up to the values that strengthen families. Recognizing and respecting the dignity of all work, embracing the responsibility to family, and caring for the most vulnerable citizens are values that must inform the United States’ approach to elder care. To do this, it is necessary to define, frame, and understand the current elder care landscape, as well as its intersections with economic policies that reflect real family values.
Addressing the needs of America’s elderly and aging population
In the coming years, the elderly population in the United States will grow rapidly. America’s elderly will face unique economic challenges that must be met with policies that ensure dignity and help individuals accept and shoulder responsibility—in short, honor real family values. As the Baby Boom generation—those born between 1946 and 1964—ages, the elder population is projected to double to 88 million people by 2050.
Looking forward, policymakers will have to consider the ability of older Americans to support themselves and meet the financial burden of their care needs. Those over age 65 are currently the least likely age cohort to be living in poverty, thanks in large part to Social Security and other programs such as Medicaid, which are generally attributed with lifting the majority of elderly Americans out of poverty. According to the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, in 2012, only 9.1 percent of Americans over age 65 had incomes that fell below the federal poverty line, but 44 percent would have been in poverty had it not been for Social Security benefits. In fact, one study found that the rate of poverty for those over age 65 dropped from 28.3 percent in 1967 to 11.6 percent in 2000 and that the change was largely, even entirely, attributable to increases in Social Security benefits. Despite this, the nonprofit women’s advocacy group Wider Opportunities for Women, or WOW, found that “more than half of all fully-retired, elder-only households are economically insecure.” This assessment defines economic security as having an income that covers necessary living expenses without “relying on public supports, loans or family gifts,” according to WOW.
Even with the stabilizing effect of Social Security, Medicaid, and other programs, it is clear that many Americans—52 percent—are at risk of not being able to “maintain their pre-retirement standard of living in retirement” after age 65. These facts give rise to questions about how best to encourage Americans to save for old age and the associated care costs for which they will be responsible, as well as about Social Security’s ability to maintain benefits as increasing numbers of older Americans retire.
Currently, 6.7 million Americans over age 65 require long-term care, services, and supports—assistance with daily tasks to maintain a good quality of life despite cognitive or physical disabilities. That number is set to double by 2050 for all Americans who need long-term care services. While for some this might not mean round-the-clock care or assistance with day-to-day tasks, the 11 percent of people over age 65—5.1 million people, or one in nine older Americans—who suffer from Alzheimer’s disease, as well as others who face cognitive and dementia-related disorders, may require more intensive care. The number of those who need long-term care is expected to grow as more Baby Boomers retire.
Long-term services and supports include paid and unpaid caregiving or a combination of both. Americans pay for long-term care supports and services in a variety of ways, including through incomes, assets, long-term care insurance, and Medicaid. Although Medicaid covers two-thirds of the cost of all paid long-term services and supports in the United States through federal and state programs, many Americans believe that Medicaid or private health insurance will pay for daily supports and services automatically for extended periods of time. It does not. Rather, individuals with assets must spend down their personal savings in order to qualify for Medicaid.
There are also ways to estimate the costs of unpaid long-term supports and services. The Congressional Budget Office, or CBO, estimated that paid and unpaid long-term elder care supports and services cost Americans roughly $426 billion in 2011. Likewise, using an opportunity cost measurement based on unpaid caregivers’ for the elderly lost wages and data from 2011 and 2012, economist Amalavoyal Chari and others found that unpaid elder care cost $522 billion.
The rising need for long-term and other kinds of elder care, as well as concerns about older Americans’ financial ability to support themselves and meet their care needs, illustrates the importance of facing these issues with a values-based mindset. This means acknowledging that meeting the needs of an aging population not only involves great financial concerns, but it also requires people to recognize the emotional and psychological aspects of care and aging.
Lastly, in addressing the challenges ahead for the growing population of older Americans, real family values require the recognition that there are currently 3 million lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender, or LGBT, people over age 55, who often have particular legal, health, and care needs. Years of legal discrimination and social stigma mean that many LGBT seniors rely on families of choice and are more likely to live alone and be financially vulnerable in old age, as well as more concerned about disclosing their sexual orientation to their health care providers.
Respecting the needs of unpaid elder care providers
Real family values compel us to fully appreciate caregiving, including its struggles and rewards. Unpaid caregivers, whether friends or family by blood or choice, care out of love and a sense of responsibility, and as such, their work should be recognized and valued. Unpaid care is sometimes a choice, but often it is also an economic necessity due to the high cost of and the lack of infrastructure surrounding paid care. Part of valuing unpaid elder care requires an understanding of the economic—as well as the physical and mental—stresses associated with it before one can address how policy can help support those who care. This is the case whether care involves organizing medication, paying bills, cooking dinner, shopping, dressing, bathing, transporting, or simply visiting an elderly family member or friend.
Fast facts: Unpaid caregivers for the elderly
39.7 million Americans over the age of 15 reported providing unpaid elder care in 2012 and 2013, and 16 percent of those individuals were also employed.
76 percent of family caregivers reported providing day-to-day care with help only from their families. In other words, very few caregivers rely on significant help from paid care workers.
23 percent provided care on a daily basis.
An older study found that 42 percent of employed Americans had provided care for an elder relative within the past five years.
57 percent of caregivers were women from 2012 to 2013.
From 2012 to 2013, nearly one in five American women cared for someone over age 65.
A 2010 report by the Families and Work Institute found that many unpaid caregivers for the elderly continued to work, and most reported not having enough time for other people in their lives, such as children and spouses, or even their own needs. Nearly half of the caregivers in the study were members of the so-called sandwich generation—meaning that they cared for both children and elders.
The report, based on the National Study of the Changing Workforce 2008, or NSCW, described how elder care can affect families’ and unpaid caregivers’ work lives: 38 percent of caregivers took time off work in the previous year to care and, of those people, nearly half reported losing income. Most also wanted to reduce their working hours to provide better care, but only 23 percent did so. Those who earned less income felt the economic effects most strongly. Another study found that 21 percent of all caregivers—a number that can include those who care for elders as well as children and adults under 65 years old with long-term care needs—with annual household incomes under $50,000 found caregiving to be a significant financial burden.
Interestingly, in the qualitative portion of the NSCW, caregivers for the elderly tended to rank their experiences as positive overall, though many felt guilty about the necessity of having to juggle caring and working, and as a result, many found it challenging to navigate their relationship with the person for whom they cared. This makes sense; family members care for elders out of love but also may not have another choice when paid care services are unaffordable. At the same time, there can be technical aspects of caregiving for which family members are not equipped—for example, administering medicines, giving medical care, or providing physical assistance such as helping someone get out of bed or use the bathroom.
The emotional, financial, and time burden of caring for elderly loved ones can be stressful, but Americans meet these growing demands daily. To truly value the welfare of those who have cared for us, it is necessary to ensure that caregivers have the ability, opportunity, assistance, and guidance to care for themselves as well as their loved ones.
Maintaining the dignity of paid elder care providers
Currently, a very small percentage of elderly people, about 3.5 percent in 2012, live in assisted living facilities, retirement communities, or nursing facilities. Moreover, in 2008, only one in four Americans reported that paid caregivers provided a “significant amount” of daily care. Still, the Congressional Budget Office predicts that by 2050, meeting the needs of America’s elders would require between 7 percent and 11 percent of the adult, nonelderly population to participate in paid or unpaid caregiving. One of the biggest concerns raised by the federal Commission on Long-Term Care’s 2013 report to Congress was that rapidly growing demand would result in a shortfall of elder care professionals. It said that attracting and retaining workers, from gerontologists to nursing home nurses to home health aides, would be a great challenge in the coming years.
As demand for elder care professionals—including health professionals—grows, it is important to make sure that the working standards for the men and women who make up this workforce exemplify real family values, which means respecting the dignity and worth of this work and these workers. Today, 90 percent of home care aides are women; more than half of these are women of color. And wages are low for those who provide care professionally. In fact, the median wage for home health aides was $10.28 in 2014. Such wages fell below 200 percent of the federal poverty line for a single-person household in 2014. According to analysis from the Paraprofessional Healthcare Institute, 56 percent of home care aides rely on public assistance of some kind. This is not a perfect measurement, as home care aides include two job classifications—home health aides and personal care aides, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics—and do not make up the entire elder care workforce. Moreover, home care aides may also care for nonelders with long-term care needs. Nevertheless, the numbers do provide some needed context.
On September 17, 2013, the U.S. Department of Labor made a leap forward in supporting these workers. For nearly 40 years, under the Fair Labor Standards Act, home care aides were classified as “companions” and comparable to part-time babysitters—a designation that excluded them from minimum wage and overtime protections. In 2013, the Department of Labor ended this exemption. Although a Washington, D.C., district court struck down the move, the Department of Labor has appealed the decision and, as of this May, the case is still pending.
The Department of Labor’s effort to reclassify home care aides was in line with values that Americans hold dear: fairness, just compensation, the value of work, and economic security. All of these values help make American families stronger. Home care aides provide a vital and growing service, and their work should be compensated accordingly. Furthermore, there are other workplace protections and benefits beyond wages. For example, the elder care workforce should have access to paid sick days and transportation allowances to travel between multiple clients. Protections such as these could help reduce turnover and make these jobs more attractive and viable for workers. It is possible to create good jobs that at the same time provide affordable care for families who face the economic stress of hiring care services, but it will require a commitment to transforming the nation’s care culture and infrastructure.
All of the facts noted above show that there are many policy interventions that would help Americans better care for themselves and their loved ones as they age in a way that reflects real family values. There is a wide variety of economic policy interventions with different focuses and end goals that could improve the lives of elders, as well as those who provide paid or unpaid care. Creating programs to train family caregivers could help grow the paid elder care workforce. Another intervention, a piece of legislation proposed in 2014, would establish a Caregiving Corps that could provide short-term respite for caregivers. Furthermore, the federal government offers long-term care insurance to its employees, and promoting the uptake of this coverage could help start a larger conversation about long-term care planning. CAP also has proposed further reforms and tax credits related to long-term care insurance.
Reauthorizing the Older Americans Act—first enacted in 1965—is another necessary action, and amending it to include provisions that help LGBT people gain access to the unique supports and services they may need would improve the act even more. Likewise, updating and strengthening Supplemental Security Income, or SSI, benefits could improve the lives of very low-income seniors.
The Family and Medical Insurance Leave Act, or FAMILY Act, introduced by Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY) and Rep. Rosa DeLauro (D-CT), is a clear example of a piece of legislation that could provide support to those caring for people across the age spectrum. The legislation would vastly increase access to paid family and medical leave for working Americans. While such leave is often associated with maternity or paternity leave, it also would provide caregivers the flexibility to take time off to care for aging loved ones suffering from severe illness. Similarly, the Healthy Families Act, introduced by Sen. Patty Murray (D-WA) and Rep. Rosa DeLauro (D-CT), would ensure that the approximately one in three Americans who do not have access to paid sick leave can earn up to seven days per year to deal with their own illness or that of a family member. Currently, only 13 percent of Americans have access to paid family leave, while just less than half of full-time workers report that they have the ability to change their hours; only 22 percent report the ability to change where they work. The lack of these basic flexibility arrangements puts an ever-growing strain on the ability of American workers to care for themselves and their families.
Private businesses also can be part of the efforts to help employees that are caregivers by offering—as some employers already do—flexible work arrangements; referrals to services, supports, and care management consultations; and even adult daycare programs and other services. As of 2012, for example, media giant the CBS Corporation provides its employees with emergency in-home care for elder family members for $4 per hour. Likewise, Duke University and Johns Hopkins University provide educational workshops, consultations, and support groups for employees who need care services for family members.
Within communities, grassroots solutions in the form of so-called villages—where largely, community volunteers and village members provide services that help seniors stay in their own homes—have gained popularity. The Village to Village Network has reported that the number of senior villages has more than doubled, from 50 in 2010 to 145 at the end of 2014. These grassroots membership organizations facilitate members caring for each other—whether it is changing light bulbs or arranging transportation—and, in some instances, have grown to include larger cultural programs and community events. While villages are not the solution to long-term care needs, they can be effective community tools for facilitating dignity in aging.
In addition to all of these government, business, and grassroots ideas, communities of faith are in a unique position to help address current and future elder and elder care issues because they already often fill the spaces between financial and care needs by helping elders stay connected to community and providing support for them and their caregivers. Older people attend religious services at much higher rates than younger Americans and are more likely to say that religion plays a significant role in their lives. This is true for a diverse spectrum of older Americans. Studies throughout the past two decades have shown that elders who are part of faith communities report higher levels of psychological well-being. One survey found that 38 percent of LGBT people over age 50 attend a religious or spiritual service or activity at least once a month, while another found that just fewer than one in four transgender older people reported that people from their churches or faith groups were part of their support networks.
Many people are familiar with religiously affiliated health care institutions and care facilities, but religious groups provide community services and supports in other ways too. Multiservice faith-based charitable organizations that work on a range of poverty issues often find an element of elder care that can be unexpected. Catholic Charities USA, for example, is made up of independent community agencies throughout the country. Some of these agencies have senior day centers, offer care coordinating services, or simply provide charitable funds in the form of rent or food assistance. Seniors made up 16 percent of the people served by Catholic Charities in 2013, and in many communities, nonelder-specific services, such as immigration support, food banks, mental health, or substance abuse services can provide a lifeline for older Americans—both physically and psychologically. One interesting example of this cross-programmatic elder care can be seen in Boston, Massachusetts, and Nashville, Tennessee’s Catholic Charities affiliates, which regularly host special programs for Haitian and Bhutanese immigrant elders, respectively.
Other religious communities are working to unite older Americans and the elder care workforce. Caring Across Generations is a nonreligious campaign that often works with communities of faith to improve both the quality and affordability of care, while making sure that paid caregiving jobs are good-quality careers. In its view, elder care challenges are growing, but a collective way of discussing and addressing these issues for elders, their families, and paid caregivers is missing.
As such, Caring Across Generations is educating and engaging faith communities at the grassroots level and has facilitated some remarkable examples of activism. In New York City, for instance, The Eldercare Dialogues was a pilot program convened by the National Domestic Workers Alliance and Jews for Racial & Economic Justice. Three domestic worker organizations that represent diverse racial and ethnic groups—Adhikaar, Damayan Migrant Workers Association, and Domestic Workers United—and the congregants of B’nai Jeshurun, representing elders and their families, came together to discuss difficult situations and challenges relating to elder care. The dialogues engaged almost 700 elders, family members, and care workers between December 2012 and December 2014 and showed the interconnected nature of elder care issues across a broad range: immigration and gendered aspects of the elder care workforce; end-of-life needs; fair employment practices and caregiver agencies; and working with elders with cognitive disabilities. The dialogues’ participants also took part in activism and trainings for both potential care employers and caregivers. While the program was not explicitly religious, the values out of which the program grew aligned with the needs and values of many religious communities, including the congregation that housed the dialogues, and it is a model for other communities and congregations.
Responsible employers, committed employees
Jim Kaufman, rabbi emeritus of Temple Beth Hillel in Los Angeles, California, has worked with national organizations, local advocates, and his congregation to educate and build a community committed to ethical and responsive caregiving. Partnering with the Pilipino Workers Center—a cooperative organization of largely immigrant, paid caregivers in the Los Angeles area—he formed a committee at his temple to work with the congregation’s elderly members and to inform them about how they could be responsible employers. Likewise, the committee members have partnered with local care workers to assist them in their fight for increased workplace protections and rights on state legislative action days and at rallies.
Rabbi Kaufman, who has led Temple Beth Hillel for 40 years and watched many of his congregants reach advanced age, sees his work on elder care issues as both personal and universal. He says that as a clergyman, he wants to meet people where they are and sees both caregiving and care purchasing as huge issues in his community. In fact, Rabbi Kaufman has even called upon Jewish theology and scripture to highlight a religious basis for many aspects of paid caregiving issues, from job quality to support for care consumers and their families.
In addition, theologians and religious professionals continue to expand frameworks for thinking about how Americans can face aging and caring for aging loved ones. The Journal of Religion, Spirituality & Aging often includes “practical innovation and scholarly insight” on the intersection of religion and aging. Furthermore, the Yale Divinity School’s special aging issue of its magazine Reflections focused on elder care in fall 2013 and included articles on retirement policy, theological discussions of death and aging, and first-person experiences with aging and caregiving.
On a slightly more prosaic level, communities of aging ordained clergy—particularly Catholic nuns and priests—have been part of research on Alzheimer’s disease and other age-related cognitive diseases. Because members of these communities live together and have had similar life experiences, they are ideal candidates for such longitudinal research. Over the past nearly 30 years, these studies have helped researchers understand the progression of age-related cognitive diseases, as well as the risk factors, pathology, and biological processes involved.
Taken together, all of the aforementioned policy, grassroots, research, and theological solutions highlight the many ways in which economic security is a fundamental expression of real family values. Communities of faith are uniquely positioned to incorporate these economic concerns into beliefs and values surrounding aging, the end of life, and caregiving. Moreover, there is great opportunity for policymakers, as well as paid and unpaid caregivers and elders themselves, to partner with religious communities to address elder care challenges effectively.
Real family values are key to creating just policies and social structures surrounding elder care. The percentage of the American population over age 65 will increase dramatically in the coming years, and as such, it is urgent and necessary that America’s economic policies are fair and able to adequately prepare us for the road that lies just ahead. Caring for elderly family members—as well as ensuring the emotional, financial, and workplace stability of the family members and paid professionals who care for them—requires that dignity is paramount at any age and that doing just work, protecting the vulnerable, and embracing responsibility are valued.
Emily Baxter is a Research Associate for the Economic Policy team at the Center for American Progress.
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Holden Caulfield Blog Spot
The Quotable Oscar Wilde
NEW ENGLAND BLOGS
The Quotable Thoreau
Old New England Recipes
Wicked Cool New England Recipes
The New England Mafia
And I Love Clams
In Praise of the Rhode Island Wiener
The Connecticut History Blog
The Connecticut Irish
God, How I hated the 70s
Child of the Sixties Forever
The Kennedy’s in the 60’s
Music of the Sixties Forever
Elvis and Nixon at the White House (Book support site)
Beatles Fan Forever
Year One, 1955
Robert Kennedy in His Own Words
The 1980s were fun
The 1990s. The last decade.
The Russian Mafia
The American Jewish Gangster
The Mob in Hollywood
We Only Kill Each Other
Early Gangsters of New York City
Al Capone: Biography of a self-made Man
The Life and World of Al Capone
The Salerno Report
Guns and Glamour
The St. Valentine’s Day Massacre
Recipes we would Die For
The Prohibition in Pictures
The Mob in Pictures
The Mob in Vegas
The Irish American Gangster
Roger Touhy Gangster
Chicago’s Mob Bosses
Chicago Gang Land: It Happened Here
Whacked: One Hundred years of Murder in Gangland
The Mob Across America
Mob Cops, Lawyers and Front Men
Shooting the Mob: Dutch Schultz
Bugsy& His Flamingo: The Testimony of Virginia Hill
After Valachi. Hearings before the US Senate on Organized Crime
Mob Buster: Report of Special Agent Virgil Peterson to the Kefauver Committee (Book support site)
The US Government’s Timeline of Organized Crime (Book support site)
The Kefauver Organized Crime Hearings (Book support site)
Joe Valachi's testimony on the Mafia (Book support site)
Mobsters in the News
Shooting the Mob: Dead Mobsters (Book support site)
The Stolen Years Full Text (Roger Touhy)
Mobsters in Black and White
Mafia Gangsters, Wiseguys and Goodfellas
Whacked: One Hundred Years of Murder and Mayhem in the Chicago Mob (Book support site)
Gangland Gaslight: The Killing of Rosy Rosenthal (Book support site)
The Best of the Mob Files Series (Book support site)
It’s All Greek Mythology to me
The Rarifieid Tribe
The Upscale Traveler
The Mish Mosh Blog
DC Behind the Monuments
When Washington Was Irish
FROM LLR BOOKS. COM
Litchfield Literary Books. A really small company run by writers.
The Day Nixon Met Elvis
Paperback 46 pages
Theodore Roosevelt: Letters to his Children. 1903-1918
Paperback 194 pages
THE ANCIENT GREEKS AND CIVILIZATIONS
The Works of Horace
Paperback 174 pages
The Quotable Greeks
Paperback 234 pages
The Quotable Epictetus
Paperback 142 pages
Quo Vadis: A narrative of the time of Nero
Paperback 420 pages
The Porchless Pumpkin: A Halloween Story for Children
A Halloween play for young children. By consent of the author, this play may be performed, at no charge, by educational institutions, neighborhood organizations and other not-for-profit-organizations.
A fun story with a moral
“I believe that Denny O'Day is an American treasure and this little book proves it. Jack is a pumpkin who happens to be very small, by pumpkins standards and as a result he goes unbought in the pumpkin patch on Halloween eve, but at the last moment he is given his chance to prove that just because you're small doesn't mean you can't be brave. Here is the point that I found so wonderful, the book stresses that while size doesn't matter when it comes to courage...ITS OKAY TO BE SCARED....as well. I think children need to hear that, that's its okay to be unsure because life is a ongoing lesson isn't it?”
Paperback: 42 pages
BOOKS ON FOSTER CARE
It's Not All Right to be a Foster Kid....no matter what they tell you: Tweet the books contents
Paperback 94 pages
From the Author
I spent my childhood, from age seven through seventeen, in foster care. Over the course of those ten years, many decent, well-meaning, and concerned people told me, "It's okay to be foster kid."
In saying that, those very good people meant to encourage me, and I appreciated their kindness then, and all these many decades later, I still appreciate their good intentions. But as I was tossed around the foster care system, it began to dawn on me that they were wrong. It was not all right to be a foster kid.
During my time in the system, I was bounced every eighteen months from three foster homes to an orphanage to a boy's school and to a group home before I left on my own accord at age seventeen.
In the course of my stay in foster care, I was severely beaten in two homes by my "care givers" and separated from my four siblings who were also in care, sometimes only blocks away from where I was living.
I left the system rather than to wait to age out, although the effects of leaving the system without any family, means, or safety net of any kind, were the same as if I had aged out. I lived in poverty for the first part of my life, dropped out of high school, and had continuous problems with the law.
Today, almost nothing about foster care has changed. Exactly what happened to me is happening to some other child, somewhere in America, right now. The system, corrupt, bloated, and inefficient, goes on, unchanging and secretive.
Something has gone wrong in a system that was originally a compassionate social policy built to improve lives but is now a definitive cause in ruining lives. Due to gross negligence, mismanagement, apathy, and greed, mostly what the foster care system builds are dangerous consequences. Truly, foster care has become our epic national disgrace and a nightmare for those of us who have lived through it.
Yet there is a suspicion among some Americans that foster care costs too much, undermines the work ethic, and is at odds with a satisfying life. Others see foster care as a part of the welfare system, as legal plunder of the public treasuries.
None of that is true; in fact, all that sort of thinking does is to blame the victims. There is not a single child in the system who wants to be there or asked to be there. Foster kids are in foster care because they had nowhere else to go. It's that simple. And believe me, if those kids could get out of the system and be reunited with their parents and lead normal, healthy lives, they would. And if foster care is a sort of legal plunder of the public treasuries, it's not the kids in the system who are doing the plundering.
We need to end this needless suffering. We need to end it because it is morally and ethically wrong and because the generations to come will not judge us on the might of our armed forces or our technological advancements or on our fabulous wealth.
Rather, they will judge us, I am certain, on our compassion for those who are friendless, on our decency to those who have nothing and on our efforts, successful or not, to make our nation and our world a better place. And if we cannot accomplish those things in the short time allotted to us, then let them say of us "at least they tried."
You can change the tragedy of foster care and here's how to do it. We have created this book so that almost all of it can be tweeted out by you to the world. You have the power to improve the lives of those in our society who are least able to defend themselves. All you need is the will to do it.
If the American people, as good, decent and generous as they are, knew what was going on in foster care, in their name and with their money, they would stop it. But, generally speaking, although the public has a vague notion that foster care is a mess, they don't have the complete picture. They are not aware of the human, economic and social cost that the mismanagement of the foster care system puts on our nation.
By tweeting the facts laid out in this work, you can help to change all of that. You can make a difference. You can change things for the better.
We can always change the future for a foster kid; to make it better ...you have the power to do that. Speak up (or tweet out) because it's your country. Don't depend on the "The other guy" to speak up for these kids, because you are the other guy.
We cannot build a future for foster children, but we can build foster children for the future and the time to start that change is today.
No time to say Goodbye: Memoirs of a life in foster
Paperbook 440 Books
BOOKS ABOUT FILM
On the Waterfront: The Making of a Great American Film
Paperback: 416 pages
BOOKS ABOUT GHOSTS AND THE SUPERNATUAL
Scotish Ghost Stories
Paperback 186 pages
The Book of funny odd and interesting things people say
Paperback: 278 pages
The Wee Book of Irish Jokes
Perfect Behavior: A guide for Ladies and Gentlemen in all Social Crises
BOOKS ABOUT THE 1960s
You Don’t Need a Weatherman. Underground 1969
Paperback 122 pages
Baby Boomers Guide to the Beatles Songs of the Sixties
Baby Boomers Guide to Songs of the 1960s
The Connecticut Irish
Paper back 140 pages
The Wee Book of Irish Jokes
The Wee Book of Irish Recipes
The Wee Book of the American-Irish Gangsters
The Wee book of Irish Blessings...
The Wee Book of the American Irish in Their Own Words
Everything you need to know about St. Patrick
Paperback 26 pages
A Reading Book in Ancient Irish History
The Book of Things Irish
Poets and Dreamer; Stories translated from the Irish
Paperback 158 pages
The History of the Great Irish Famine: Abridged and Illustrated
Paperback 356 pages
BOOKS ABOUT NEW ENGLAND
The New England Mafia
Wicked Good New England Recipes
The Connecticut Irish
Paper back 140 pages
The Twenty-Fifth Regiment Connecticut Volunteers
Paperback 64 pages
The Life of James Mars
Paperback 54 pages
Stories of Colonial Connecticut
Paperback 116 pages
What they Say in Old New England
Paperback 194 pages
BOOK ABOUT ORGANIZED CRIME
Chicago Organized Crime
The Mob Files: It Happened Here: Places of Note in Chicago gangland 1900-2000
An Illustrated Chronological History of the Chicago Mob. Time Line 1837-2000
Mob Buster: Report of Special Agent Virgil Peterson to the Kefauver Committee
The Mob Files. Guns and Glamour: The Chicago Mob. A History. 1900-2000
Shooting the Mob: Organized crime in photos. Crime Boss Tony Accardo
Shooting the Mob: Organized Crime in Photos: The Saint Valentine’s Day Massacre.
The Life and World of Al Capone in Photos
AL CAPONE: The Biography of a Self-Made Man.: Revised from the 0riginal 1930 edition.Over 200 new photographs
Paperback: 340 pages
Whacked. One Hundred Years Murder and Mayhem in the Chicago Outfit
Paperback: 172 pages
Las Vegas Organized Crime
The Mob in Vegas
Bugsy & His Flamingo: The Testimony of Virginia Hill
Testimony by Mobsters Lewis McWillie, Joseph Campisi and Irwin Weiner (The Mob Files Series)
Rattling the Cup on Chicago Crime.
Paperback 264 pages
The Life and Times of Terrible Tommy O’Connor.
Paperback 94 pages
The Mob, Sam Giancana and the overthrow of the Black Policy Racket in Chicago
Paperback 200 pages
When Capone’s Mob Murdered Roger Touhy. In Photos
Paperback 234 pages
Organized Crime in Hollywood
The Mob in Hollywood
The Bioff Scandal
Paperback 54 pages
Organized Crime in New York
Joe Pistone’s war on the mafia
Mob Testimony: Joe Pistone, Michael Scars DiLeonardo, Angelo Lonardo and others
The New York Mafia: The Origins of the New York Mob
The New York Mob: The Bosses
Organized Crime 25 Years after Valachi. Hearings before the US Senate
Shooting the mob: Dutch Schultz
Gangland Gaslight: The Killing of Rosy Rosenthal. (Illustrated)
Early Street Gangs and Gangsters of New York City
Paperback 382 pages
THE RUSSIAN MOBS
The Russian Mafia in America
The Threat of Russian Organzied Crime
Paperback 192 pages
Best of Mob Stories
Best of Mob Stories Part 2
Mob Recipes to Die For. Meals and Mobsters in Photos
More Mob Recipes to Die For. Meals and Mobs
The New England Mafia
Shooting the mob. Organized crime in photos. Dead Mobsters, Gangsters and Hoods.
The Salerno Report: The Mafia and the Murder of President John F. Kennedy
The Mob Files: Mob Wars. "We only kill each other"
The Mob across America
The US Government’s Time Line of Organzied Crime 1920-1987
Early Street Gangs and Gangsters of New York City: 1800-1919. Illustrated
The Mob Files: Mob Cops, Lawyers and Informants and Fronts
Gangster Quotes: Mobsters in their own words. Illustrated
Paperback: 128 pages
The Book of American-Jewish Gangsters: A Pictorial History.
Paperback: 436 pages
The Mob and the Kennedy Assassination
Paperback 414 pages
BOOKS ABOUT THE OLD WEST
The Last Outlaw: The story of Cole Younger, by Himself
Paperback 152 pages
BOOKS ON PHOTOGRAPHY
Chicago: A photographic essay.
Paperback: 200 pages
Boomers on a train: A ten minute play
Paperback 22 pages
Four Short Plays
By John William Tuohy
Four More Short Plays
By John William Tuohy
High and Goodbye: Everybody gets the Timothy Leary they deserve. A full length play
By John William Tuohy
Cyberdate. An Everyday Love Story about Everyday People
By John William Tuohy
The Dutchman's Soliloquy: A one Act Play based on the factual last words of Gangster Dutch Schultz.
By John William Tuohy
Fishbowling on The Last Words of Dutch Schultz: Or William S. Burroughs intersects with Dutch Schultz
Print Length: 57 pages
American Shakespeare: August Wilson in his own words. A One Act Play
By John William Tuohy
She Stoops to Conquer
The Seven Deadly Sins of Gilligan’s Island: A ten minute play
Print Length: 14 pages
BOOKS ABOUT VIRGINIA
OUT OF CONTROL: An Informal History of the Fairfax County Police
McLean Virginia. A short informal history
THE QUOTABLE SERIES
The Quotable Emerson: Life lessons from the words of Ralph Waldo Emerson: Over 300 quotes
The Quotable John F. Kennedy
The Quotable Oscar Wilde
The Quotable Machiavelli
The Quotable Confucius: Life Lesson from the Chinese Master
The Quotable Henry David Thoreau
The Quotable Robert F. Kennedy
The Quotable Writer: Writers on the Writers Life
The words of Walt Whitman: An American Poet
Paperback: 162 pages
Gangster Quotes: Mobsters in their own words. Illustrated
Paperback: 128 pages
The Quotable Popes
Paperback 66 pages
The Quotable Kahlil Gibran with Artwork from Kahlil Gibran
Paperback 52 pages
Kahlil Gibran, an artist, poet, and writer was born on January 6, 1883 n the north of modern-day Lebanon and in what was then part of Ottoman Empire. He had no formal schooling in Lebanon. In 1895, the family immigrated to the United States when Kahlil was a young man and settled in South Boston. Gibran enrolled in an art school and was soon a member of the avant-garde community and became especially close to Boston artist, photographer, and publisher Fred Holland Day who encouraged and supported Gibran’s creative projects. An accomplished artist in drawing and watercolor, Kahlil attended art school in Paris from 1908 to 1910, pursuing a symbolist and romantic style. He held his first art exhibition of his drawings in 1904 in Boston, at Day's studio. It was at this exhibition, that Gibran met Mary Elizabeth Haskell, who ten years his senior. The two formed an important friendship and love affair that lasted the rest of Gibran’s short life. Haskell influenced every aspect of Gibran’s personal life and career. She became his editor when he began to write and ushered his first book into publication in 1918, The Madman, a slim volume of aphorisms and parables written in biblical cadence somewhere between poetry and prose. Gibran died in New York City on April 10, 1931, at the age of 48 from cirrhosis of the liver and tuberculosis.
The Quotable Dorothy Parker
Paperback 86 pages
The Quotable Machiavelli
Paperback 36 pages
The Quotable Greeks
Paperback 230 pages
The Quotabe Oscar Wilde
Paperback 24 pages
The Quotable Helen Keller
Paperback 66 pages
The Art of War: Sun Tzu
Paperback 60 pages
The Quotable Shakespeare
Paperback 54 pages
The Quotable Gorucho Marx
Paperback 46 pages